Benghazi braces as morale sinks

2011-03-13 20:23

Benghazi - Fear is gripping Benghazi, the stronghold of the rebellion against the regime of Libyan strongman Muammar Gaddafi, and morale sinking fast as residents brace for possible attacks by loyalists.

"The euphoria is gone," said grim-faced Mohammed Gepsi, a former civil servant, standing outside the headquarters of the anti-Gaddafi uprising in the eastern Mediterranean city.

"We are afraid of what will happen next, afraid of bombardments," he said.

Gaddafi loyalists, using air strikes and heavy artillery, are pushing a fierce offensive against the rebels and have driven them out of several cities and towns along the coast to the west.

On Sunday fighters, most of them young, were seen retreating from the eastern town of Brega towards Ajdabiya, 80km away, the gateway to Benghazi and the rebel-held border city of Tobruk.

Gaddafi forces may still be 250km away from Benghazi, but in the city the mood is sombre and morale slipping away like quicksand.

"The mood has changed" after the fall of Brega and the key oil city of Ras Lanuf this week, said Gepsi.

Help in the mosques

"The young are still determined to fight but older people, mothers and fathers, are afraid for their children," he said.

Fatma Mufta agrees. "We are afraid of the bombardments. We are afraid of Gaddafi's forces," she said, as she shopped for food in a supermarket with her husband and her daughter.

"We live near the airport and Gaddafi can hit it," she said.

She is not afraid of running out of food or water, even if many shops in Benghazi are shuttered, Mufta added.

"We can get help in the mosques. They give milk free of charge as well as nappies for babies."

Mufta's 17-year-old daughter has been stuck at home since the uprising started a month ago and is bored, so she spends her time watching the news on Arab satellite channels and hoping her university will reopen soon.

On the seafront, near the offices of the rebel-proclaimed transitional national council, some insist that the outgunned insurgents have not been crushed.

"Western nations will help us," said Abdul Salam el-Amari.

Arab League

"With the help of God, and the imposition of a no-fly zone, we will be back on top of things," he said, his 10-year-old daughter next to him with the pre-Gaddafi Libyan flag painted on her face.

The Arab League on Saturday urged the United Nations Security Council to take steps to impose a no-fly zone over Libya to ground Gaddafi's warplanes - a move which has divided the international community.

Ahmed, an oil executive, is in denial, like many Libyans who refuse to accept the gains made this past week by Gaddafi's forces.

"Our forces are pulling out of Brega for tactical reasons. We have not been defeated," he said.

Imam Bughaidis, an opposition activist, went further, saying the rebels have put in place a "military defence" for Benghazi.

"Many rebels are staying in Benghazi", she said, adding that "weapons" are flowing into the city.

Sleeper cells

""We know that Gaddafi has sleeper cells in Benghazi. We know where they are and they are constantly under surveillance," she added.

Nearby a crowd had formed around a man trying to fire up morale.

"We must kill all the assassins. We must kill all the Gaddafi loyalists in the city," he shouted.

A man in the crowd rebuked him: "We are not like Gaddafi. We don't kill people. We put them in jail."

On the coastal road to Ajdabiya, pick-up trucks crammed with fighters disappeared into the distance.

"We are all martyrs ready to die for our country," a fearless 18-year-old said before joining a dozen men heading for the battlefront.

Read more on:    libya  |  libya protests  |  north africa  |  uprisings
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