Clinton to tackle hot spots
Washington - Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton embarks on Monday on a seven-nation tour of Africa to affirm the Obama administration's commitment to tackling trouble spots across the continent from Somalia and Zimbabwe to the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Liberia.
Clinton kicks off the 11-day trip - her longest overseas journey to date as the top US diplomat - in Kenya where she will address an African trade and development forum, meet top Kenyan officials and see the beleaguered president of lawless Somalia's interim government.
Kenya, the homeland of President Barack Obama's late father, is struggling to overcome political and tribal divisions laid bare in early 2008 after disputed elections between the incumbent President Mwai Kibaki and opposition leader Raila Odinga.
Obama, on a visit to Kenya in 2006, had urged Kenyans not to let those differences mar their democratic development, and US officials say Clinton will repeat that message with Kibaki and Odinga, who became prime minister in a power-sharing deal that ended the crisis.
Officials say she will also offer US support to Somali President Sheik Sharif Sheik Ahmed, whose embattled government is trying to face down Islamist extremists accused of links with al-Qaeda who threaten to destabilise the Horn of Africa region.
Press neighbouring Zimbabwe
"We think that the problems in southern Somalia have started to bleed regionally and internationally," the top US diplomat for Africa, Johnnie Carson, said last week. He noted that violence in Somalia, which has not had a functioning central authority since 1991, has led to an exodus of refugees that has strained the capacity of its neighbours, notably Kenya.
Clinton then travels to South Africa, where she will urge President Jacob Zuma's government to do more to press neighbouring Zimbabwe, in the throes of economic crisis, to fully implement a political pact between President Robert Mugabe and former opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai.
In Pretoria, Johannesburg and Cape Town, Clinton will also underscore the importance of efforts to combat HIV/Aids and pledge continuing US backing for health care initiatives in Africa, some of which have been led by her husband's private foundation.
Clinton will then visit oil-rich Angola, one of southern Africa's largest energy producers and a major supplier of crude and national gas to the US market. Angola has in recent years been courted by China, and Clinton's trip there is intended to strengthen its ties with the U.S.
From Angola, Clinton heads to the Democratic Republic of Congo, which has been wracked by violence since genocidal forces from Rwanda fled into its eastern mountains 15 years ago. At its height, the conflict involved half a dozen of the country's neighbours.
Press Congolese authorities
While a 2003 peace deal reduced the fighting, the army and rebel groups continue to attack villages and mutilate and kill civilians, often using rape as a weapon of war. Clinton will visit Goma in eastern Congo and press Congolese authorities and a UN peacekeeping force there to step up efforts to end the epidemic of gender-based violence.
After Congo, the secretary will move on to Nigeria, another major US energy supplier that has been struggling with rampant corruption. Last week's violence between police and an Islamist sect killed more than 700 people.
Clinton plans to address both issues in Abuja, where she will also discuss the importance of good governance and praise Nigeria's role as a leader and major troop contributor to regional and UN peacekeeping missions.
In Liberia, which is recovering from 20 years of civil strife, Clinton will show US support for President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, the only female African president, and offer backing for development and security reform.
Clinton's last stop will be Cape Verde, a group of nine small islands off Senegal with a population of less than half a million that is often hailed as a success story for African democracy despite its lack of natural resources.