ICC seeks fair trial for Gaddafi son
Tripoli - The International Criminal Court's prosecutor has held talks with Libyan authorities on ensuring a fair trial for Muammar Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam, who is being held by revolutionary fighters.
The prosecutor, Luis Moreno-Ocampo, conceded on Tuesday that the Libyans have the authority to try Saif al-Islam Gaddafi at home but he wants judges from the Netherlands-based court to be involved.
Saif al-Islam, once the face of reform in Libya and the leader of his father's effort to shake off pariah status, is charged with crimes against humanity by the ICC for the crackdown on an uprising that began in February and grew into a civil war.
"Saif is captured so we are here to ensure co-operation," Moreno-Ocampo told reporters after arriving in Libya. "If they [Libyans] prosecute the case, we will discuss with them how to inform the judges, and they can do it, but our judges have to be involved."
Libya's interim prime minister, meanwhile, announced the formation of a transitional government that will lead the oil-rich country until parliamentary elections are held by the end of June.
Prime Minister Abdurrahim el-Keib told a news conference in Tripoli that his focus was on forming a government that would represent all of Libya.
"Our country went through tough times, so my first priority is to provide a dignified life to our Libyan people," he said. "And my second - and just as important - is security."
After toppling Gaddafi’s regime in August, Libya's new leaders are still struggling to solidify their control over the fractured nation and to begin building state institutions that were nonexistent or weak under Gaddafi’s 42-year rule.
Strong court system
Among the most important steps is establishing a court system, which the International Criminal Court wants to be certain will be capable of putting on a fair trial for Saif al-Islam. Gaddafi’s son was captured on Saturday in southern Libya and is being held by fighters in the mountain town of Zintan, southwest of the capital.
The International Committee of the Red Cross visited Saif al-Islam there on Tuesday and said he appeared to be in good health. Steven Anderson, a spokesperson for the Geneva-based body, said the visit "took place in accordance with the ICRC's customary working procedures" and all further findings would remain confidential.
Libya's new leaders have said they will try Saif al-Islam at home even though they have yet to set up a strong court system.
The ICC, which is based in The Hague, Netherlands, has also charged Gaddafi’s former intelligence chief, Abdullah al-Senoussi, with crimes against humanity. Libyan officials have said al-Senoussi, who is also Gaddafi’s brother-in-law, was captured over the weekend and is being held in a secret location in the southern city of Sabha, although Libya's interim prime minister could not confirm the report.
Rights groups have called on Libya to hand both men over for trial in The Hague, and Moreno-Ocampo stressed that even if Libyans want to try the two men in Libya they must still co-operate with the world's first permanent war crimes tribunal.
The French government said on Monday that it, too, was seeking al-Senoussi, who was one of six Libyans convicted in absentia and sentenced to life in prison in France for the 1989 bombing of a French passenger jet over Niger that killed all 170 people on board.
Libya is obliged by a Security Council resolution to work with the court, but that does not necessarily preclude a trial in Libya. If Libya's National Transitional Council can convince judges in The Hague that the country has a functioning legal system that will give Saif al-Islam and al-Senoussi a fair trial on substantially the same charges as Moreno-Ocampo filed, then the ICC could declare Moreno-Ocampo's case inadmissible and turn it over to Libya.
"The International Criminal Court acts when the national system cannot do it," Moreno-Ocampo said. "That's why we are here, to understand what they are doing."
In a statement before his arrival, Moreno-Ocampo called the arrest of Saif al-Islam and al-Senoussi "a crucial step in bringing to justice those most responsible for crimes committed in Libya."
Saif al-Islam, who staunchly backed his father in his brutal crackdown on rebels, was captured by fighters from Zintan who had tracked him to the desert in the south of the country. He was then flown back to Zintan, 150km southwest of Tripoli, where he remains.
In new video footage taken the day of his capture and obtained by The Associated Press, Saif al-Islam warns his captors that Libya's regions, which united to oust Gaddafi, will turn against one another "in a couple of months or maximum one year", suggesting the country will descend into infighting.
There have been signs in recent months of growing tensions among Libya's powerful regions, and even after Gaddafi’s fall in August and after his capture and killing in October, the country's numerous and sometimes competing revolutionary factions have refused to disarm, raising fears of new violence and instability.
In the video, revolutionary fighters stand around Saif al-Islam, who is seated in a green chair. Three of his fingers are heavily bandaged, and he occasionally winces from the pain.
In another video briefly posted by his captors on YouTube, he said the injury to his hand - which raised speculation he might have been abused - was from a Nato airstrike a month ago. But it was impossible to know if he was speaking truthfully or under duress.
El-Keib's announcement of his cabinet showed Libya's new leaders were so far sticking to a timeline for their nation's transition that they set out after declaring liberation on October 23. Most of the names were relatively unknown.
The formation of the cabinet clears the way for the next key step on that timeline: the election of a 200-member national congress by the end of June.
"The first task is to form the government's opinions, its goals and its plans," el-Keib said. "So each minister will put forth a plan to implement this."
Asked about accusations that some deputy ministers might have been lower-level figures in Gaddafi’s regime who are guilty of corruption, el-Keib said anyone found guilty would be removed from government.