Kenya: From 2007 to 2013 general polls

2013-03-01 10:45
Kenya's presidential candidates stand on stage before the second edition of the presidential debate held at BrookHouse School in Nairobi. (AFP)

Kenya's presidential candidates stand on stage before the second edition of the presidential debate held at BrookHouse School in Nairobi. (AFP)

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Nairobi - Here are the key dates in Kenya, between disputed 2007 general elections which were followed by deadly violence and forthcoming polls on March 4:

2007

- December 27 2007: Kenyans turn out en masse to vote in an unprecedentedly close presidential election, between incumbent president Mwai Kibaki and Raila Odinga.

- December 29: Kibaki and Odinga are neck-and-neck as a delayed count leads to accusations of vote-rigging and widespread rioting.

- December 30: Kibaki is announced the winner and is sworn in for a second term. Furious opposition supporters go on the rampage.

2008

- January 26: Former UN chief Kofi Annan, mediating on behalf of the African Union, says he has witnessed "gross and systematic human rights abuses" on a visit to western Kenya.

- February 28: The rival leaders sign a power-sharing deal, which creates the post of prime minister and two deputy prime ministers, in a bid to break the political deadlock created by the elections that triggered unrest, killing more than 1 100 people and displacing 600 000 others.

- April 13: Odinga is named prime minister. On the 17th, the new government is sworn in.

- April 24: The rival leaders urge ethnic reconciliation during a joint tour of areas worst affected by the violence, notably the northwestern Rift Valley.

2010

- March 31: The International Criminal Court (ICC) says prosecutors will probe crimes against humanity allegedly committed during the violence.

- August 27: Kibaki signs into law a new constitution, overwhelmingly approved in a national referendum on August 4, aimed at making the country's institutions more democratic.

2011

- Mid-October: Kenyan troops enter Somalia to attack rebels they accuse of being behind several recent kidnappings of foreigners on Kenyan soil. Afterwards, several attacks take place in Kenya.

2012

- January 23: Leading politicians - presidential hopeful Uhuru Kenyatta and running mate William Ruto - are among four officials the ICC rules should face trial over the post-election violence.

2013

- February 11: Kenya's eight presidential candidates hold the country's first ever face-to-face debate as tensions mount ahead of the March 4 election.

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