Red Cross buys animals for food
Toya - In single file, hundreds of residents of Toya wait patiently for meat distributed by the Red Cross who bought up thousands of starving animals to feed Mali's drought-stricken population.
With containers in hand they await the meat from four cows slaughtered in the village in the north-west of the country last week which had lost too much weight from lack of grazing and water.
Children scream with joy at the prospect of the meat coming their way. "The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) operation is original and benefits the farmers as well as the population," said Mohamed Ali, local ICRC representative for the town in the Timbuktu region, some 900km north-east of the capital Bamako.
"With the drought, the animals don't have anything to eat and drink. Then the ICRC buys the weakest animals, kills and distributes the meat to the needy. The farmer wins because of the money, the people too," said Ali.
In northern Mali and northern Niger, the ICRC seeks to buy "38 000 head of cattle from 10 000 families of farmers and farmers affected by the cumulative effects of insecurity and drought," according to the organisation.
A health centre about 20km from Toya provides a good opportunity to feed the mothers of crying children.
Here, there are no "real issues of malnutrition among children", said midwife Irma Coulibaly. "But we found that adults need to eat before being able to feed children properly."
Along the roads in this region of Timbuktu, dead animals litter the ground. Dead from thirst. Ponds that usually contain water at this time of year are empty. Birds peck listlessly at the sand before flying off.
"There is a sense of powerlessness within us. You see a cow which is thirsty, you can't do anything. It dies in front of you. And you are more concerned with saving the rest of your flock," said Atoume, a young farmer in northern Mali.
In the regions of Gao and Kidal, "it is worse", said Mahamane Dicko, a municipal councillor for the town of Douenzta, between Mopti and Gao.
"I have just come from these areas. In some parts more than 70% of livestock has been decimated by the drought," said Dicko.
This year, the drought is being felt more keenly than usual.
"Already in 2009, rainfall was low and not well-distributed, especially in northern Niger and Mali. But this year there are more cattle," according to a source in the Malian ministry of agriculture.
Amadou Ag Mamoud, a farmer in the Timbuktu region, is struggling to save his stock.
"This year, rainfall was very poor and there are more animals than there is grazing and water."
In late June, the World Food Programme (WFP) warned that "erratic rains during the last two planting seasons had reduced harvests in north-eastern Mali".
The body estimates that some 250 000 vulnerable people would receive "urgent assistance from the Government, WFP and its humanitarian partners".