S Sudan ratifies Sudan border deal

2012-10-16 21:53
<a href=\\\\http://www.shutterstock.com\\\\>Shutterstock</a>

Shutterstock

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Juba - South Sudan's parliament ratified a border and oil deal with Sudan on Tuesday intended to settle issues that brought the countries close to resuming their two-decade civil war and allow the South to revive its vital crude oil exports.

The deal, which Sudan's parliament is still debating, defuses some of the unresolved issues left over from Sudan's division last year, although much remains to be definitively negotiated, including the demarcation of the volatile frontier.

The agreement, ratified by an overwhelming majority, includes setting up a 10-km demilitarised zone along the border and in certain contested territories, an issue that has already triggered protests from southern border communities who fear losing their homelands to Sudan.

While the protests are unlikely to derail the deal, they show the difficulties both sides will face in reaching full, long-term agreements on contested areas and other issues.

On Monday, around 500 protesters from the Northern Bahr el Ghazal and Unity border states marched to parliament with a petition against the agreement, singing and waving banners.

Some chanted, "No, no, Mile 14. No, no, Mile 14" in reference to a contested strip of land 14 miles across that will be demilitarised.

One cardboard banner read: "Our cradle land is not for stealing. Peace between Sudans."

Some of the border disputes concern areas that produce oil, which both countries' economies depend on.

A dispute over the transit fees that landlocked South Sudan must pay to get its oil output to Port Sudan on the Red Sea led the South to shut down its entire 350 000 barrel per day crude production, the mainstay of its economy, for nine months.

Give up land

Officials say it will take between three and 12 months to get the production that both countries need to avoid economic collapse flowing again.

South Sudan seceded in July last year after voting overwhelmingly for independence in a referendum promised by a peace deal that ended the civil war in 2005.

The two countries have agreed to recognise the administrative borders used by the British colonial rulers at independence in 1956, but the exact position of this line is contested.

Chan Dut, walking with Monday's protesters, said the governments should have consulted local communities on both sides of the border before signing their accord on buffer zones.

"We don't agree with what has been signed," he said as the crowd sang "We don't have to give up our land", an old song from the civil war.

Mile 14 runs parallel to the south bank of the River Kiir, known as Bahr al Arab in the north. The waterway formed a natural boundary between the southern Dinka Malual tribe and the northern Rizeigat tribe.

British colonial administrators moved the boundary southwards to allow the Rizeigat hunting and grazing rights south of the river.

In parliament, 189 of the 204 lawmakers present backed the deal.

The co-operation agreement says the joint border demarcation process must begin 60 days after the deal is ratified, and the frontier must be drawn three months after that.

Kiir told parliament on Monday he would not cede any southern territory to Sudan.

"Now people are demonstrating that their land has been given away, but I don't think the negotiating team or myself can give any piece of land to anybody," he said.

"We are committed to defining borders based on legal and historical facts... we have agreed this border should not be defined by war or propaganda."

Read more on:    sudan  |  south sudan  |  east africa
NEXT ON NEWS24X
SHARE:

Read News24’s Comments Policy

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
0 comments
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining
 

Inside News24

 
SPONSORED CONTENT
When is a mountain more than just a mountain? 2014-12-18 07:26

When it’s an adventure! A group of Old Mutual employees found out how much is enough courage, endurance and camaraderie to take on Africa's highest peak.

/News
 

13 summer safety tips

Summer time and the burning is easy. Get some great tips to ensure sunburn doesn't spoil your holiday!

 
 

I love summer.24

Stay in shape this summer
Ultimate fails compilation 2014
This sleeping bulldog is you during the holidays
This man's reaction to his Christmas present is priceless!

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go!

Kalahari.com - shop online today

Grand Theft Auto 5

Now available on PS4, Xbox One and PC from R649. Buy now!

Festive gifts!

Check out our awesome range of festive gifts to make everyone’s wishes come true. Shop now!

Save on Samsung

Cameras, mobile phones, TVs, Tablets and more. While stocks last. Shop now!

Save up to R2200 on electronics! – As seen in the catalogue

Wishing for tech gadgets this festive? Save up to R2100 on hot tech products at kalahari.com. While stocks last. Shop now!

30% off the bestselling books

Save big on the most captivating reads of 2014. While stocks last. Shop now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

Horoscopes
Aquarius
Aquarius

Short term gratification seems like fun at the time; just remember that your boundaries are down right now and there s a tendency...read more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.








Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.