Six Kenyan suspects before the ICC

2012-01-23 07:24
Nairobi - The International Criminal Court will announce on Monday whether charges against six top Kenyans for their alleged role in the country's 2007/08 poll violence that killed at least 1 100 people are confirmed.

Herewith short profiles of the six suspects:

William Samoei Ruto

William Ruto, 45, is an MP for Eldoret North and was a top leader with the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM) of Prime Minister Raila Odinga when the disputed 2007 election ignited the violence.

The ICC describes him as a "principal planner and organiser of crimes" against supporters of President Mwai Kibaki's Party of National Unity (PNU).

The young and ambitious politician, who has since fallen out with Odinga and was suspended from government in 2010, is considered the top political leader of the Kalenjin tribe.

He is accused in several reports of inciting, planning and financing the violence. Ruto is notably alleged to have said that non-Kalenjin residents in his area should be uprooted and burnt.

One of the most vociferous politicians on the Kenyan scene, the father of six comes from a humble background and once sold peanuts on the roadside to supplement his family's income.

He is a declared candidate for the upcoming presidential election, due to be held by March .

Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta

Uhuru Kenyatta, 50, is Kenya's finance minister and deputy prime minister. He is one of the country's most powerful and richest men. Forbes magazine lists him as the 26th richest person in Africa. Kenyatta also intends to run for the presidency.

In a report by the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) on the post-election unrest, he is accused of attending meetings in early 2008 to plan for retaliatory violence by his Kikuyu community.

The ICC prosecution found he had mobilised the Mungiki - a sect-like Kikuyu criminal organisation known for skinning and beheading its victims - to attack ODM supporters.

The US-educated son of Kenya's founding president, Jomo Kenyatta, he is considered the top political leader of the Kikuyu, Kenya's largest tribe. His first name means "freedom" in Swahili.

Francis Kirimi Muthaura

Francis Muthaura, 65, was and still is the head of Kenya's public service, secretary to the cabinet and chairman of the national security advisory committee.

He is considered an eminence grise of Kibaki's PNU and held several ambassadorial posts under former president Daniel arap Moi.

Muthaura is believed to have been included on the ICC list as a result of reported meetings which took place at State House. Kenyatta attended the same meetings, according to ICC documents.

According to findings by the Commission of Inquiry into Post-Election Violence known as the Waki Report, the secret meetings were used to plan revenge attacks by Kikuyus around the towns of Naivasha and Nakuru.

Mohammed Hussein Ali

Mohammed Hussein Ali, 55, an ethnic Somali, was Kenya's police chief at the time of the violence.

ICC prosecutors said the former general knew in advance of plans to mobilise the Mungiki to attack ODM supporters.

Prosecutors said Muthaura told Ali to instruct Kenyan police to lay off and not interfere in any crimes committed by the Mungiki criminal group in their attacks against Odinga supporters.

Ali has since been sacked from the police and now heads the country's postal services.

Henry Kiprono Kosgey

Henry Kosgey, 64, was an ODM lawmaker during the violence. He currently chairs the party. He resigned as industrialisation minister and over allegations of corruption.

A member of Ruto's Kalenjin tribe, the ICC also describes him as a "principal planner and organiser of crimes against PNU supporters."

He was mentioned in a US diplomatic cable revealed by WikiLeaks as having illegally acquired large tracts of land in contentious areas, an issue which was at the heart of the 2007-2008 tribal violence.

Joshua Arap Sang

Joshua arap Sang, 36, is a presenter with the vernacular radio Kass FM and the only one of the six suspects who is not a public official.

The young radio host presents a popular breakfast show called Lenee Emet, "What's Happening in the Nation", in his his local Kalenjin language.

The KNCHR report accused him of using his show to mobilise and plan for violence and of inciting violence by branding those "who did not vote with the rest of the Kalenjin community traitors".

Read more on:    icc  |  joshua arap sang  |  kenya  |  east africa

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