Spain and Morocco evict illegals

2012-09-04 22:12
Some 70 illegal immigrants reached the tiny uninhabited island of Isla de Tierra off Morocco. (Alvaro Barrientos, AP/File)

Some 70 illegal immigrants reached the tiny uninhabited island of Isla de Tierra off Morocco. (Alvaro Barrientos, AP/File)

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Al-Hoceima - Spanish and Moroccan security forces launched a night operation lasting into the early hours on Tuesday to evict 73 illegal migrants from a tiny islet just off Morocco, officials said.

Spain's Guardia Civil police acted after scores of African migrants landed in the past week on the bare, rocky surface of Isla de Tierra, Spanish sovereign territory about the size of two football pitches, which lies an easy swim off the beach.

Ten women and children were taken off the islet to the Spanish territory of Melilla. "The others were removed at dawn," a spokesperson for the Guardia Civil said, adding that the operation was carried out "jointly" by Spain and Morocco "without any incident".

"We removed [the migrants] from the island because it was dangerous for them to stay there," he added.

Since the uninhabited rock is Spanish, Madrid feared it could open a new doorway to migrants, many of them fleeing poverty and unrest, who are desperate to reach Europe.

A Spanish interior ministry spokesperson said the Guardia Civil evicted the migrants when sea conditions had calmed, and that the operation was completed at 04:30  (02:30 GMT).

"Many of the immigrants did not want to go Morocco, but there was no need to use force nor any troubles," the spokesperson said.

By early afternoon on Tuesday, there were no traces of the emergency intervention, according to an AFP photographer at the scene.

Beyond the last summer holiday-makers, just two Moroccan policemen were posted on the beach, their tent nearby, while the low tide made the island reachable by foot.

Guardia Civil

Melilla and Ceuta are two tiny Spanish exclaves in Morocco, the only land frontier between Africa and Europe.

Rabat considers the territories, held by Spain since 1580 and 1496, to be "occupied". Madrid refuses any discussion on the subject, which regularly poisons relations between the two nations.

But bilateral co-operation, especially over the problem of immigration, is unavoidable, as the interior ministry spokesperson acknowledged.

"The eviction was handled entirely by the Guardia Civil but obviously together with Morocco because the Guardia Civil handed the immigrants over to their Moroccan counterparts," he said.

"The object is not so much to have to act like this but to avoid more immigrants arriving on Spanish rocks," he said.

Photographs in the online editions of Spanish dailies El Pais and El Mundo showed Guardia Civil apparently ferrying the immigrants to land by dinghy.

Migrants, some in handcuffs, were shown in the hands of police as they waded the final few metres to the beach to waiting Moroccan security forces.

In Rabat, Moroccan authorities said two migrants had been lightly injured in the operation.

70 sub-Saharan migrants

An official of the Moroccan security forces said some 70 sub-Saharan migrants had been sent back to Morocco and "taken charge of" by the security forces.

According to the official, the migrants had crossed into Morocco from Algeria and would be expelled.

Spanish Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo said on Monday that he was convinced the migrants' arrival on the islet was co-ordinated by "mafia who traffic human beings".

The stakes are high for Spain and the European Union, with hundreds of people frequently trying to enter Ceuta and Melilla by force.

Spanish authorities said Morocco's King Mohammed VI played a decisive role in agreeing to help deal with the migrants, and they hoped for further co-operation to prevent any repetition.

"The joint response of the Spanish and Moroccan governments, and the European Union, is to say 'That's enough' to those who traffic human beings, endangering the lives of the most vulnerable like pregnant women and young children," the Spanish prefect in Melilla, Abdelmalik El Barkani, told Spanish public radio.

Read more on:    spain  |  morocco  |  migrants  |  north africa
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