Trump says US will forge a 'great bond' with Egypt

2017-04-04 13:02
Egypt's president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (L) and US President Donald Trump walk through the colonnade of the White House to a lunch after a meeting in Washington, DC.  (AFP)

Egypt's president Abdel Fattah al-Sisi (L) and US President Donald Trump walk through the colonnade of the White House to a lunch after a meeting in Washington, DC. (AFP)

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Washington - President Donald Trump signaled a new era in US-Egypt relations on Monday, assuring his Egyptian counterpart that years of tepid relations will now give way to a "great bond" between their two nations.

Trump reunited with President Abdel-Fattah al-Sisi for talks ranging from collaboration against the Islamic State group to bolstering Egypt's flailing economy.

In Trump, Sisi sees new opportunity after years of lukewarm relations with president Barack Obama.

"This is my first state visit to the United States since my inauguration and this is the first visit in eight years for an Egyptian president to the United States," Sisi said.

Obama never invited the Egyptian leader to the White House and Egypt's government was repeatedly admonished over its human rights record. Obama even briefly suspended some US military aid.

It's the second meeting for the pair. Reflecting on their first encounter in New York shortly before the general election, Trump said Sisi is someone "very close to me".

Sisi hailed Trump on Monday for his "unique personality" and said that after their first meeting, "I bet on you", the latter being comments he made in Arabic that were not translated.

For Egypt, the objective is clear: Help us help you.

Fighting radicalism 

In recent months, US and Egyptian officials have sought to stress commonalities.

Like Trump, Sisi believes he can eradicate radical Islamic extremism.

"Together, we will fight terrorism and other things and we're going to be friends for a very, very long time," Trump said, citing a "great bond with the people of Egypt".

Sisi vowed to work with the US "to counter this evil ideology that is claiming innocent lives, that is bringing devastation to communities and nations and that is terrorising the innocent people."

Since the military overthrew Egypt's first post-revolution president, the popularly elected Mohamed Morsi, a Muslim Brotherhood member, Sisi has cracked down on political Islamists. Sisi also has taken a heavy hand on Egyptians who've deemed his presidency illegitimate, often relegating human rights concerns to national security.

But Sisi's government believes its success in fighting radicalism depends critically on US aid.

Egypt is among the top recipients of US military and economic assistance, but the aid is being evaluated as part of the Trump administration's push for dramatic budget cuts to diplomacy and development. It receives $1.3 billion annually in aid, plus hundreds of millions in economic assistance from the US Agency for International Development and other programs potentially on the chopping block.

Unemployment 

Trump has vowed to work closely with Arab allies in the fight against the Islamic State group. As a neighbor to the Hamas-controlled Gaza Strip, Libya and Sudan, maintaining stability in Egypt is a high priority. But it has sometimes been a relationship from which the US receives little in return, and Trump has said he won't tolerate imbalances in other partnerships, as with China and many European allies.

Egypt's economy is forecast to grow by 4% this year, according to the World Bank, but the figure heavily accounts for capital gains in oil and gas.

Conditions on the Egyptian streets tell a very different story.

Unemployment hovers at 12.7% — a sore spot for millions of Egyptians who protested in 2011 to demand the removal of then-President Hosni Mubarak. Then, unemployment was 9%. Youth are hardest hit by job shortages, with about 30% out of work.

Egyptians supporters of Sisi criticise the Obama administration's handling of the Egyptian uprising six years ago, believing American complacency ushered in Muslim Brotherhood control.

'We love Sisi, we love Trump'

Since then, extremist attacks have spiked, particularly on the Sinai Peninsula which borders Israel and Gaza. Cairo — home to some 20 million people — has seen several militant attacks, including a December bombing at a church that killed more than two dozen people.

Egypt's minority Christians, who comprise about a tenth of the population, are particularly encouraged by Trump's presidency, hoping the American president will team up with Sisi to more forcefully address Egypt's growing extremism.

For Trump and Sisi, it's also a meeting of kindred spirits.

Both maintain a contentious relationship with the media and believe "bad" or "evil" people are infiltrating their borders. Both whip up supporters with talk of victories and seek to project a mystic sense of inevitable success. They've both challenged whether their country's judges are acting as roadblocks to democracy.

El-Sissi, like Trump, is widely viewed as a polarising figure in his country. That view manifesting itself on the streets outside the White House Monday, where rival protests for and opposing both Trump and Sisi swelled before the Egyptian's arrival.

In the sea of American and Egyptian flags, some chanted "We love Sisi, we love Trump!" Others held signs of Sisi and Trump and chanted "Illegitimate", a cry harkening back to the Arab Spring.


Read more on:    abdel fattah al-sisi  |  donald trump  |  egypt  |  us  |  north africa

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