20 years of Nobel Peace Prize winners

2014-12-10 08:05

Since 1901, 103 individuals and 25 organisations have been named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize. Of those organisations, there are two multiple winners: the International Committee of the Red Cross won it in 1917, 1944 and 1963 and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in 1954 and 1981.

Here are the past two decades’ winners, starting with 2014’s joint recipients:

2014 – Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai, education activists

2013 – Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), which works to ban chemical warfare

2012 – European Union (EU), honoured for “over six decades contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe”

2011 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkol Karman, honoured for their work in advancing women’s rights

2010 – Liu Xiaobo, for fighting for human rights in China

2009 – Barack Obama, then newly-elected US President, “for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

2008 – Martti Ahtisaari, former Finnish president, for his work in worldwide conflict resolution

2007 – Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr, the latter an environmental activist

2006 – Muhammad Yunus and Grameen Bank. Yunus founded the bank in Bangladesh to offer poor people the chance to take out micro loans for their own businesses and enterprise

2005 – International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Mohamed ElBaradei. ElBaradei was the director of the IAEA, and both were hailed for trying to stop nuclear energy from being used for military purposes

2004 – Wangari Muta Maathai, the first African woman to receive the award, was honoured for her role as an environmental and political activist in her home country, Kenya

2003 – Shirin Ebadi, a lawyer and Iran’s first woman judge, was hailed for her work in protecting women’s and children’s rights

2002 – Jimmy Carter, former US president and mediator

2001 – The United Nations and Kofi Annan. Annan led the UN at the time of its award for its “work for a better organised and more peaceful world”

2000 – Kim Dae-jung, who as president of South Korea worked hard to improve relations with his country’s isolated neighbour, North Korea

1999 – Médecins Sans Frontières, international aid organisation currently making headlines for its work in fighting Ebola in West Africa

1998 – John Hume and David Trimble, “for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”

1997 – International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL) and Jody Williams. Williams was the founding coordinator of the ICBL. Both she and her organisation were rewarded for “their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”

1996 – Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and José Ramos-Horta, “for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”

1995 – Joseph Rotblat and Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs. Rotblat, a scientist, was opposed to the use of nuclear weapons. Through the Pugwash conferences, he and other scientists brought the debate into the public domain.

1994 –Yasser Arafat, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin, “for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”. Rabin was assassinated the following year.

Source: nobelprize.org

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