23 die at initiation ceremonies in past nine days

2013-05-17 16:34

Twenty-three youths have died in the past nine days at initiation ceremonies that include circumcisions and survival tests.

Police have opened 22 murder cases into the deaths in Mpumalanga, according to spokesman Lieutenant Colonel Leonard Hlathi.

He said an inquest is being held into the 23rd death, of a youth who complained of stomach pain and vomited.

Initiation ceremonies are common in winter, where youths partake in various activities as a rite of passage into adulthood, usually over the course of three weeks. Some 30 000 youths signed up for initiation this year.

In addition to being circumcised, the boys and young men are put through a series of survival tests which sometimes include exposure to chilly winter conditions with skimpy clothing. Their faces are painted with red clay and they also are given herbal concoctions to drink.

Hlathi said that all the deaths occurred at government-registered initiation sites where medical practitioners are usually present. The government became involved to prevent such unnecessary deaths.

Mathibela Mokoena, chairman of the House of Traditional Leaders in Mpumalanga, says the Department of Health was alerted before the initiation ceremonies began, but only showed up after the first few deaths were reported.

He said the department has now agreed to have officials present for the remainder of the ceremony.

It was not immediately possible to get a response from the department. The department spokesman was on a plane, an assistant said. The minister’s spokesman did not answer his phone or respond to a telephone message.

The deaths are the highest recorded in Mpumalanga, surpassing the previous highest toll of eight some years ago, Mokoena said.

He said early investigation by the House of Traditional Leaders showed some schools were negligent, leaving the youths in the care of young men instead of experienced adults.

Mokoena said some of the initiates were not in ideal health when they enrolled. He said new legislation is being introduced outlining procedures to be followed, and including a punishment of a life ban for those found negligent.

The suspected causes of the deaths were not released pending the results of post mortems. Most deaths in the past have been caused by infection and loss of blood after circumcision.

Government spokeswoman Phumla Williams said the government is sending condolences to the families and urged creation of “better and safe initiation schools that will ensure the safe passage of young initiates to manhood and prevent the unfortunate loss of lives.”

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