Teen obesity tied to poor mom-child relationship

2011-12-28 08:12

Toddlers who have poor relationships with their mother are more likely to pack on extra weight as they grow up.

According to a US paediatrics study, researchers who followed nearly 1 000 children into their teens found that more than 25% of those who scored lowest on mother-child relationship tests as toddlers went on to become obese at age 15.

By contrast, only 13% of the children who had a good relationship with their mother became obese.

While that doesn’t prove cause and effect, researchers say other work has shown links between children’s emotional and intellectual development and how they interact with their mother at a young age.

It’s possible that a stressful childhood could make a lasting impression on children’s brains, said Sarah Anderson, who worked on the study.

“There is an overlap in the brain between the areas that govern stress and energy balance,” said Anderson, at the Ohio State University College of Public Health in Columbus.
 
“This stress response could be related to obesity through appetite regulation.”

The study was based on 977 children who were videotaped while playing with their mother at about one, two and three years of age.

Researchers then assessed the toddler’s relationship to their mothers based on the mother’s ability to recognise her child’s emotional state and respond with warmth, as well as the child’s tendency to explore its environment freely, a measure of “attachment security”.

A quarter of the toddlers had a “poor-quality” relationship to their mothers, whereas 22% achieved perfect scores at each session.

At 15 years, 26% of the children with relationship trouble were obese – twice as many as those without such problems.

However, the gap narrowed as more factors were taken into account, including maternal education and household income.

David Gozal, a paediatrician who was not involved in the study, agreed, although he said unhealthy food and a lack of physical activity and sleep are likely to play a bigger role.

Still, stress – both via genetic reprogramming and behavioural changes – may also have an impact, and a poor mother-child relationship could be part of that, he said.

“What you see in adulthood is obviously the cumulative effect of what has happened earlier in life,” said Gozal, physician-in-chief at the Corner Children’s Hospital in Chicago.

Today, 17% of all children and adolescents in the United States are obese, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

But Anderson said that even if poor relationships at home contributed, there is no point in chiding mothers.

“Blaming parents is not likely to solve anything. It’s important to recognise that there are many competing demands on parents,” she added.

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
0 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

 
/News

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.