Kim’s death complicates things

2011-12-20 00:00

THE death of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il could dim hopes for fresh nuclear disarmament talks with the United States and its key Asian allies as an untested and largely unknown heir takes charge of one of the world’s most feared atomic renegade states.

The most crucial immediate question for Washington, and close ally Seoul, is whether Kim’s hermetic state can survive his death and complete a power transition to his youngest son Kim Jong-un, named by state news agency KCNA as the “Great Successor” to his father.

“The reason people are watching closely is not because we expect the North to strike out, it’s because events within North Korea could have unsettling ramifications,” said Rod Lyon, a Korea expert at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute in Canberra.

“If there’s a contested succession, it means there’s a struggle over things like who controls North Korea’s plutonium, not just who controls North Korea’s army.”

The White House said President Barack Obama was in close touch with South Korea and Japan, two of the other countries engaged in six-nation talks on North Korea’s nuclear programme.

“We remain committed to stability on the Korean peninsula, and to the freedom and security of our allies,” White House press secretary Jay Carney said in a written statement.

The other key regional player is China, the closest North Korea has to a major ally and which has a sometimes testy relationship with the U.S.

“China’s biggest worry will be over North Korea’s stability, and China’s aim will be to ensure the country remains stable,” said Cai Jian, a Korea expert at Shanghai’s Fudan University.

“I think security will be stepped up in North Korea, and China is also likely to tighten security along the border. If [Kim’s] death leads to chaos, we could see a flow of refugees across the [Chinese] border.”

For Obama, Kim’s death comes at a tricky time as the administration weighs whether to re-engage with Pyongyang on the nuclear issue and whether to provide food aid for North Koreans hard hit by shortages.

The U.S. envoy for North Korean nuclear issues, Glyn Davies, has just returned to Washington for consultations after talks in Seoul, Tokyo and Beijing over the nuclear issue.

U.S. officials have said no decision is imminent on restarting negotiations on Pyongyang’s nuclear programme, but they have recently relaunched talks with North Korean diplomats on resuming food aid — a step widely seen as a positive signal.

The U.S. and its main Asian allies have resisted calls to restart the so-called “six-party” talks involving the two Koreas, the U.S., China, Japan and Russia which broke down in 2008. United Nations inspectors were expelled from North Korea in 2009.

Some analysts said Kim’s death and the transition to a young and untried leader — little is known about Kim Jong-un, who is believed to be in his late 20s — could darken the outlook for the nuclear talks.

“Everyone’s immediate refrain is ‘Oh, great, a tyrant is gone’,” said Jim Walsh, North Korea expert at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s security studies programme.

“But actually this is bad news, because it means we are entering a more dangerous phase in North Korean, South Korean and U.S. relations. Naturally, North Korea is going to be on the offensive. This young leader is going to have to prove his worth.”

The U.S., backed by Japan and South Korea, has demanded North Korea signal its sincerity on nuclear talks by halting provocative actions such as last year’s sinking of a South Korean warship and shelling of a South Korean island.

Some North Korea watchers have attributed the two attacks to efforts by the younger Kim to demonstrate his leadership style, leading to fears that new provocations could strain the already tense relationship between North and South Korea.

Some North Korea experts said the leadership in Pyongyang was likely to focus internally over the medium term as it seeks to firm up control both during and after the succession.

“The post-Kim Jong-il era has begun and … will certainly bring change to the Korean peninsula,” said Professor Zhu Feng, an East Asian regional security specialist at Peking University.

“So, in these circumstances, regional co-operation between China and the U.S., as well as Japan, South Korea and Russia, will become all the more important.” — Reuters.

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