Nigeria's former military leader Buhari claims historic election win

By Drum Digital
31 March 2015

Nigeria's former military leader Muhammadu Buhari claimed a historic election victory in Africa's most populous country on Tuesday, sending thousands of jubilant supporters into the streets chanting "change, change".

Former military dictator Buhari's spokesman told The Associated Press on Tuesday that Buhari has won Nigeria's presidential election but fears his victory could be stolen by "tricks" from the government.

If Buhari wins and President Goodluck Jonathan steps down, it would mark the first time in Nigeria's history that an opposition party has democratically taken control of the country from the ruling party.

Nigeria

Results from 31 states and the small Federal Capital Territory amountingto some 22 million votes showed Buhari leading by nearly 3 million votes. Buhari crucially carried Lagos state, Nigeria's commercial hub with the largest number of voters, according to results announced Tuesday.

Electoral officials said they were awaiting results from just five states to give a tally of Saturday's election and expected to announce a final count later in the day.

"As for the election, we have won it!" Garba Shehu, Buhari's spokesman, said outside the party's headquarters that has been decked out with celebratory bunting for days.

But "We are not out of the woods yet, we don't know what tricks the government is going to play."

In the northern city of Kaduna, a spontaneous celebration of Buhari's followers sprang up. Young men on motor scooters performed wheelies as hundreds of youths chanted: "Change! Change! Change!" and cars honked their horns in support. In Kaduna state, Buhari took 1.1 million votes to Jonathan's 484,000.

Britain and the United States warned Monday of the possibility of political meddling in the final count. Jonathan's campaign spokesman Femi Fani-Kayode said that was "absolute balderdash" and demanded evidence.

Garba said the opposition party's agents at more than 150,000 polling stations across the country "tell us that we have won, but our victory is still threatened." The winning candidate must take more than half of all votes and at least 25 percent of votes in two-thirds of the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory at Abuja.

The austere and strict retired general, who says he is a convert to democracy, has promised that if he wins he will stamp out an insurgency in the north waged by Boko Haram, a homegrown Islamic extremist group that has killed thousands of people, many of them civilians, has kidnapped even young girls, and has pledged fealty to the so-called Islamic State.

Critics and supporters agree that Buhari is the one leader who did not treat the country's treasury as a personal piggy bank. During his brief 1984-1985 dictatorship he rule with an iron fist, jailing people even for littering, and ordering civil servants who arrived late to work to do squats. He gagged the press and jailed journalists to cover up a deepening economic crisis as prices tumbled for the oil on which Nigeria's economy depends. He eventually was overthrown by his own soldiers.

Nigeria's 170 million people are divided almost equally between Christians mainly in the south and Muslims like Buhari who dominate the north. Buhari for the first time won states in the southwest and even took one third of votes in a southeastern state - an unprecedented development that some say reflects more of an anti-Jonathan than a pro-Buhari sentiment.

The vote counting in Abuja was disrupted Tuesday by a representative of Jonathan's party who protested that the proceedings were partial to Buhari. "We have lost confidence in you. You are tribalistic! You are partial!" shouted former Cabinet minister Peter Godsday Orubebe to the chairman of the electoral commission counting the vote. The opposition has also complained that electoral officials are partisan. The count is being carried out in the presence of party representatives, national and international observers and media.

There have been delays in about a dozen states sending results to the counting center because of logistical challenges that had election material being delivered by air, road, speedboat, mules and camels, spokesman Kayode Idowu of the Independent National Electoral Commission told AP.

Buhari's showing in his fourth bid to become president was boosted by the formation of a coalition of major opposition parties two years ago. Its choice of Buhari as a single candidate presented the first real opportunity in the history of Nigeria to oust a sitting president.

Buhari also was able to count on considerable voter dissatisfaction with the performance of Jonathan, who has been president since 2010.

"If indeed Buhari becomes president, it sends a clear message to the people in government that you cannot take the people of Nigeria for granted and that Nigerian democracy is maturing," said journalist and political analyst Kadaria Ahmed.

She said Jonathan's perceived insensitivity to the suffering of citizens caught up in the mayhem of Boko Haram's uprising where some 10,000 people were killed last year and more than 1.5 million people have been driven from their homes.

The Nigerian military, with help from regional troops, forced Boko Haram out of areas the insurgent had taken in recent months as they formed their self-styled "caliphate."

Because of decades of military dictatorship, this is only the eighth election since the country won independence from Britain in 1960, and the fifth since democracy was restored in 1999.

Pic by : BBC's Naziru Mikail.

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