The Democratic Party (DP), now the Democratic Alliance (DA), was originally formed on 8 April 1989, when the former Progressive Federal Party, Independent Party and National Democratic Movement merged. Under the combined leadership of Zach de Beer, Denis Worrall and Wynand Malan, the DP won 36 seats in Parliament in the general election of September that year. In the first post-apartheid election in 1994, the DP only won 1.7% of the vote at national level. In the 1999 general elections, the DP won over 9% of the national vote.
The Democratic Alliance was formed on 24 June 2000, when the DP and the New National Party signed an agreement to establish the new party. This relationship ended in October 2001 when the NNP entered into an alliance with the ANC. In the 2004 general election, the DA gained 12.3% of the vote and 50 seats in the National Assembly. In the 2006 local government elections, the DA increased its national share of the vote from 12.3% in 2004 to 16.3%, and won the Cape Town metro, with Helen Zille becoming the mayor of Cape Town. She was elected leader of the DA in 2007 after Tony Leon stepped down from the leadership of the party. In the 2009 national elections, the DA won 16.7% of the vote and 67 seats in the National Assembly. The party won 51.5% of the provincial vote in the Western Cape. In the 2011 local government elections, the DA won 24% of the national vote, with 57% of the vote in the Western Cape. Mmusi Maimane was elected as Federal Leader of the DA on May 10, 2015.
(Source: sahistory.org.za and da.org.za)
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1994 Election: 1.73% 338 426 votes
1999 Election: 9.56% 1 527 337 votes
2004 Election: 12.37% 1 931 201 votes
2009 Election: 16.66% 2 945 829 votes
Mmusi Maimane was born in 1980 in Krugersdorp, Gauteng. He spent most of his life in Soweto where he attended Allen Glen High School, matriculating in 1997.
Maimane holds a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from the University of South Africa, a Masters in Public Administration from the University of the Witwatersrand and a Masters in Theology from Bangor University in Wales
In 2010 he applied to run as a DA candidate for the Johannesburg City Council and also for internal election as the DA candidate for Mayor of Johannesburg.
Maimane was selected as DA national spokesperson later in 2011.
At the 2012 DA Federal Congress, Maimane was elected as Deputy Federal Chairperson. Maimane applied to run as the DA candidate for Gauteng Premier in 2013, and stood for the position in the 2014 national election.
He was elected as Federal Leader of the DA on May 10, 2015, with the support of almost 90% of voting delegates. This after Helen Zille stepped down as DA leader.
Maimane has worked as a business consultant and trainer with a number of firms in South Africa and internationally. He also lectures at the GIBS Business Institute.
In addition to being a pastor, he is a philanthropist and chairs a number of NGO boards. The foundations he is involved with are primarily focused on HIV/Aids and rural and youth development.
He is currently the Leader of the Opposition in the National Assembly.
(Information supplied by the DA)