Farmer blames Fukushima plant for wife's suicide

2014-07-10 11:14
The spent fuel pool of the unit four reactor building at Tepco's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant at Okuma town in Fukushima prefecture. (Tepco, AFP)

The spent fuel pool of the unit four reactor building at Tepco's Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant at Okuma town in Fukushima prefecture. (Tepco, AFP)

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A Japanese court is due to rule next month on a claim that Tokyo Electric Power is responsible for a woman's suicide, in a landmark case that could force the utility to publicly admit culpability for deaths related to the Fukushima nuclear disaster.

In July 2011, nearly four months after the massive earthquake and tsunami that triggered a series of catastrophic failures at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant, Hamako Watanabe returned to her still-radioactive hilltop home, doused herself in kerosene and set herself on fire.

She left no suicide note, but her husband Mikio says plant operator Tokyo Electric is directly responsible.

"If that accident hadn't happened, we would have lived a normal, peaceful life" on their family farm some 50km from the plant, said Watanabe, now aged 64, who discovered her charred body.

A district court in Fukushima is expected to rule in late August on Watanabe's lawsuit, which Tokyo Electric (Tepco) is contesting. The outcome could set a precedent for claims against the struggling utility, said Watanabe's lawyer Tsuguo Hirota.

The triple meltdowns at the plant forced more than 150 000 people from their homes. About a third, including Watanabe, remains in temporary housing.

The utility has settled a number of suicide-related claims through a government dispute resolution system, but declined to say how many or give details on how much it has paid.

Deep depression

Japan has made public 25 disaster-related death cases that were settled through the resolution system, some for more than $157 000. Causes of death were not always specified, and include those due to natural causes, such as elderly patients who died in evacuation centres. A Mainichi report this week said arbitrators were encouraged to automatically halve requested damage to expedite the process.

Tepco said it could not comment on pending cases, including Watanabe's.

Watanabe has so far declined to settle outside of court and has broken off contact with relatives who urged him to drop his suit.

His oldest son left his job after co-workers harassed him, accusing him of using his mother's death for personal gain. Watanabe is seeking more than $896 200 in damages.

"No matter what verdict I get in August, I just want my wife to rest in peace", said Watanabe.

Like her husband, Hamako had grown up in Yamakiya, a rural pocket of farms and rice paddies surrounded by hills inside Kawamata Town. Being forced to leave plunged her into a sudden and deep depression, he said.

"For them to argue that the suicide is not directly related is unforgivable", Watanabe said.

Hirota, Watanabe's lawyer, said the verdict could set the stage for others who have experienced losses as a result of the nuclear disaster to take similar legal action.

"For the claimants, it's not about the money. They want to know what the meaning of their husband's death was, or why their mother had to perish this way," he said.

Kazuo Okawa, an Osaka-based lawyer who has spent over three decades representing victims of Minamata disease, a neurological syndrome caused by mercury poisoning from industrial wastewater, said that courts in Japan generally tend to favour companies in liability cases.

Civil suits are uncommon in Japan, where victims are far more likely to skirt arduous court battles and accept settlements.

"There are massive hurdles to go to court in Japan. It takes a long time for court cases to proceed and this discourages many victims. If they felt they had a chance of winning they still might, but that hasn't always been the case", Okawa said.

Emotional distress

The case also highlights what advocates call a quiet crisis of depression in Japan's disaster zone, which many say has gone unnoticed in a culture that values stoicism and stigmatizes mental illness.

"Their houses are still there, but they can't go back", said Shinichi Niwa, a professor of psychiatry at Fukushima Medical University, who said that displacement contributed to anger, despair and suicide.

Between 2011 and 2013, suicides declined 11% across Japan. Suicides in Fukushima had also been decreasing in the years before the disaster, but deaths have ticked up in the past two years.

Since April 2011, there have been more than 1 500 suicides in the prefecture. Authorities have so far ruled 54 of those deaths to be "disaster related".

Japan's government has dispatched counsellors, appointed a government minister in charge of suicide prevention and provided funding to local organizations for survivors and evacuees like Watanabe.

Tepco was bailed out with taxpayer funds in 2012 and expects to spend more than $48bn in compensation alone, and billions more for a decades-long costly decommission.

The utility currently pays all nuclear evacuees a stipend equal of about $1 000 a month for emotional distress caused by the accident.

Tepco also provides compensation to those who lost their jobs and partially pays for the value of their homes depending on the length of their forced evacuation. Those evacuees living in areas that have no timeline for their return receive payment for the full value of their homes.

The utility remains under pressure to cut costs as plans to restart its remaining nuclear complex in Japan's northwest have stalled in the face of local opposition.

Last month, Tepco rejected a request by residents of Namie, less than 10km from the destroyed plant to raise their monthly compensation for mental distress.
Read more on:    tepco  |  tokyo  |  nuclear  |  pollution

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