Previously on Daniel 11. We had this incredible verse that described exactly what Caesar Augustus did when it said: “ And in his estate shall stand up a vile person, to whom they shall not give the honour of the kingdom: but he shall come in peaceably, and obtain the kingdom by flatteries.” Dan11:21
How perfectly it described the period when Rome finally were cajoled from Republic into an empire ruled by one man with autocratic power same as that a king has. Romans hated kings and gave no single man such an honor of being king over them for more than 400 years since the Republic began 509 BC. But then in 44 BC at the death of Julius Caesar, his adopted son and nephew Octavian, later known as Caesar Augustus began a meticulously planned slow process aimed at finally obtaining the Roman kingdom with him as king or emperor.
And he finally did it! Came in peaceably in defense of the Roman Republic, flattered the Roman population into believing he was trying to restore the Republic, and then went on to give it an emperor in such a way, till they gave him the kingdom.
Where Julius failed, he succeeded exactly as the Bible foretold. But that verse not only foretold how he overcame the Roman population’s hatred for kings, but is very reminiscent of the way the Romans conquered the world-by flatteries and a vile display of power.
History tells us the Romans believed in a term which they called : " Just wars" " According to fetial law, Rome could enjoy divine favour only if it waged just wars—that is, wars of self-defense. In later practice, this often simply meant that Rome maneuvered other states into declaring war upon it. Then Rome followed with its declaration, acting technically in self-defense; this strategy had the effect of boosting Roman morale and sometimes swaying international public opinion." [Britannica on Ancient Rome]
With it’s reputation as a nation that fights just wars, many Greek nations often aligned itself with Rome and often sought its protection against aggressors.
“ The sporadic timing of the wars would seem to support the Romans' claim that they only reacted, justly, to provocations. But attention to the individual provocations should not blind the historian to the larger pattern of Roman behaviour. From 218 the Romans annually fielded major armies decade after decade. Rome was able to go to war every year in response to provocations only because it chose to define its interests and make alliances farther and farther afield.
Polybius, as noted, reveals how the Romans were the masters of manipulation of circumstances to force opponents to behave in a way they could interpret as provocative. Therefore, the Roman interpretation of “just wars” and the Polybian interpretation of a universal aim to conquer need not be contradictory. The concept of “just war” may have justified any given war but does not explain the perpetual Roman readiness to go to war.” [Britannica on Ancient Rome]
This sounds vaguely familiar in our modern super power era. In a world of conflict there would always be the need to interfere in the name of justice, while keeping the enormous economic benefits that could potentially flow from such a venture in the back of the mind. Rome was regularly called into action by weaker ally states when they came under attack. When Phillip and Antiochus III attacked Egypt 200 BC, Rhodes and Pergamum called in Rome against Phillip of Macedon and then they justly defeated Macedonia and forced them to pay tribute to Rome in the aftermath. When Antiochus III crossed into Europe, some of the Greek states cried to Rome, and they defeated him and forced him to pay them indemnity for years in the after math thereof.
And then there was Rome the referee. Whenever there were great land disputes between the Greeks of the North and those of the South and others, or even inside a kingdom between rival claims to the throne, they asked Rome to decide. When Epiphanes attacked Egypt 168 BC, Philometor called in Rome, and the ever ready ancient international policeman ordered Epiphanes out of Egypt. “Antiochus invaded Egypt in 170 and again in 168, but withdrew under pressure from the Ptolemies' ally, Rome.” [Britannica on Philometor]
Britannica says of their role: " On the contrary, according to Polybius , the Romans now “were displeased if all matters were not referred to them and if everything was not done in accordance with their decision.” Continuing jealousies and disputes in the Greek world offered Rome opportunities to adjudicate and ultimately to intervene once again." [Britannica on Ancient Rome]
When Ptolemy Philometor and his brother had a quarrel over succession to the Egyptian throne, he called in Rome: “ About October 164 Philometor was expelled from Alexandria by his brother and fled to Rome for support. The Romans thereupon partitioned the Ptolemaic realm, ordering Euergetes into Cyrenaica and giving Philometor Cyprus and Egypt.” [Britannica on Philometor]
These are some of the ways Rome used to gain the trust and support of allies, and to wage just wars, but with the ultimate aim of conquer in the end. Little did these states know, that the very international policeman they called into their disputes, would someday no longer only be the referee but would extend its role to ruler over them, with their lands becoming mere provinces of the Roman Republic. Another way Rome flattered conquered people was to make them part of the Republic especially in the beginning.
“ Unlike Greek city-states, which excluded foreigners and subjected peoples from political participation, Rome from its beginning incorporated conquered peoples into its social and political system. Allies and subjects who adopted Roman ways were eventually granted Roman citizenship.” [Britannica] They thus became part of a well organized super power and benefited from its superior technology and civilization.
Now we continue with the Bible prophecy about the works of Augustus Caesar as well as that of Rome in general. Daniel 11:21-28 deals entirely with how Augustus worked his way from a mere boy to being the most powerful man in the ancient world, taking Rome from Republic to Empire. But these verses not only reveal the personal history of Augustus, but it also reflects the general way Rome became the fourth great World regime since Babylon. When Octavian became heir of Julius Caesar, he was a mere 17 year old boy appointed to inherit the riches of a once dictator of Rome in a time of civil war. Verse 22 now reveals more on Augustus and Rome.
“ Dan 11: 22 † And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him, and shall be broken; yea, also the prince of the covenant.”
To gain the greatest position of the ancient world, Octavian had to start by fighting the enemies of the Republic. Mark Anthony had been a loyal seasoned right hand man in the armies of Julius Caesar. Caesar as you know took Rome by storm when he crossed the Rubicon with his armies who swored allegiance to Julius rather than to the state. Roman generals were responsible to organize the pay and retirement benefits of their soldiers, which had the effect that soldiers became loyal to the general, rather than to the state. And that is how Julius could take his army from Gaul, and invade Rome and force himself onto it as dictator. Julius paid their salaries, so they were not going to listen to some senator far away who meant nothing to them.
Some senators, the same ones suspected of having plotted against Julius, now feared that Anthony who now held command over large parts of the armies Caesar once commanded, could do the same and would try like Julius to become dictator. Some like Cicero now turned to the young Octavian and allied themselves to him to stop Mark Anthony from becoming too powerful. They hoped to use Octavian for a while, and then dispose of him at a later stage, but they under estimated his political skills and would later become his victims.
If they would have been able to understand Daniel, they would have seen someone was going to get the Roman kingdom, and nothing was going to stop that someone. That someone was the very man they had turned to, to uphold the values of the Republic. So they in fact employed the very man who was going to take away the Republic from them, and do that which they feared Anthony would do.
After gathering an army from veterans which had been loyal Julius, Octavian now engaged into war with Mark Anthony and won a victory at Mutina. In the end, Octavian later known as Augustus, had to fight 5 mayor civil wars before he could flood out all opposition and become master of Rome. The first and the last were against Mark Anthony. Prophecy will get the last later.
The second was against the brother of Anthony, a man called Lucius. The third was against Brutus and Cassuis, the fourth was against Sextus Pompeius the son of the great general Pompey.
Octavian thus had to flood out his enemies in war after war, as that was usually the Roman way. This verse also reveals the very way Rome conquered enemies. If an enemy defeated let’s say 30 000 Roman soldiers one year, Rome could field another flood of 60 000 soldiers the next year till they win that war. What counted in their favor was that conquered peoples became roman citizens and could be drafted into Roman armies to extend or defend the empire.
They had a never ending continuous flow of resources they could draw upon, and that was how they finally broke Carthage and resistances elsewhere. With a flood of human bodies that came at the enemy wave after wave! Romans fought in tightly knitted formations of rows and rows of men. And since the human body is mostly made up of fluids-a large army thus is a flood of armed men. “..And with the arms of a flood shall they be overflown from before him,..” Indeed, Romans literally flooded out enemy forces with row upon row of men.
And like in the case of Rome in general, no one was going to stand before Augustus in his quest to become the most powerful man of the ancient world. And yes, even the Prince of the Covenant would have to flee before forces under Augustus’s Roman rule. You will recall from Bible history how the entire town of Bethlehem lost every male child from the age of 2 and below when the power mad Herod tried to destroy the Prince of the covenant because he feared the Jews would make the prophesied Messiah king in His place. He had reason to fear this because the Jews looked at the triumphant return of the Messiah as conqueror in Scriptures like Zech. 14:1-5.
Daniel 2 also speaks of Messiah coming as the Rock who shall smash the kingdoms of this world to pieces. Smash it like in the dream Nebuchadnezzar had. Behold! He is coming like that in our days, but wasn’t to do it back then. But their teachers had the Scriptures all mixed up and they expected that destroying Messiah to come rather than look to the Scriptures like Is. 53 which Jesus fulfilled for His first coming. They had His coming sequences all mixed up and expected a Messiah that could destroy the Romans. And so Herod tried to deal with that threat.
Joseph then had to take the future King of the world and flee to the land of the king of the south, [Egypt] till after Herod’s death. Herod was a subordinate to Augustus, and acted with Roman authority. So yes, even the Prince of the covenant was prophesied in general to be broken under Roman rule, and that process began under Augustus and was completed in the time of Tiberius his adopted son and successor.
This verse is one of the most positive identifications of the entry of Rome into the prophecies of Daniel 11. There was only ONE EMPIRE, before whom even the Prince of the covenant would fall-and that was ROME! The Prince of the covenant was born during the time Augustus was emperor of Rome most probably about 5-7 BC. I believe our calendar is a few years behind the true birth date of Christ. You know of course our calendar is Roman and Daniel in another place prophesied they would change the time. [Dan.7:25]
Now you know that Israel made an everlasting covenant with God. If they were to follow in His statues and laws and He was to take care of them not only in this world, but in the one to come. It is to that covenant that Jesus as Son of God is- The Prince of the covenant, for in His blood that covenant is sealed forever! Worthy is the Lamb that was slain for our covenant with God! Worthy is that Prince who died on a Roman tree! And blessed are those who are part of that covenant.
If you want to know more about the covenant people and what is promised unto them, you can listen to this: http://branham.org/messageplayer/54-0814 On this 1954 recorded message, you can also hear how a blind man was called out in the audience, told things about himself only he could know, and received his sight. You will also hear of other secrets of people being revealed same as when the Prince of the Covenant did when He was here 2000 years ago. Jesus Christ the same yesterday, today and forever!
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