MyNews24 is a user-generated section of The stories here come from users.

Dolf Scheepers
Comments: 0
Article views: 367
Latest Badges:

View all Dolf Scheepers's badges.

Mining Security a Broad Overview

29 April 2014, 05:30

Mining Security a Broad Overview


The provision of security services to mines in South Africa has become much more complex in a country consistently portraying complexity, labour and community intolerance as well as political rivalry in various sectors, particularly in the run-up to the 2014 elections and the period immediately thereafter.  The events at Marikana in the Northwest Province as well as the extreme militancy in the areas of Kathu in the Northern Cape in 2012 definitely affected mining security services and employee/security staff relationships.  South Africa is a world leader in mining and therefore we should also be the leaders in mining security and security technology.  Our country is famous for its abundance of mineral resources, accounting for a significant proportion of world production and reserves, and South African mining companies are key players in the global industry.  Naturally they require key security role players to support their operations.

The mining sector spans the full spectrum of the five major mineral categories – namely: precious metals and minerals, energy minerals, non-ferrous metals and minerals, ferrous minerals, and industrial minerals.  Apart from its prolific mineral reserves, South Africa's strengths include extremely high levels of technical and production expertise underpinned by comprehensive research and development activities and deserves to be supported by like-minded security professionals – not only the guard at the gate scenario, but tailored solutions meeting the demands of protecting an industry which is renowned for its technical and production expertise. The country has world-scale primary processing facilities covering carbon steel, stainless steel and aluminum, in addition to gold and platinum. It is also a world leader of new technologies, such as a ground-breaking process that converts low-grade superfine iron-ore into high-quality iron units.

On the other side of the coin, is the private security industry in South Africa, a leading provider of specialist services to the mining industry, a world-class industry well experienced in the challenges of the mining and other related refinery and smelter or sorting industries. In what is estimated as a R40 billion industry, world-class practices have been developed in line with mining houses – especially high risk refineries, smelters, plants and diamond sorting houses.  The size of protection services in mining is not known, but industry specialists estimate the monthly spend on security to be around R180 million (including in-house) with the possible deployment of up to 23 000 security officers at about 290 mines – unconfirmed and indeed a challenging future research task.

When reviewing the mining security function in support of this world class industry sector at a glance, then three main factors are to be considered:

  • The private security industry and its unique challenges

  • The influences in mining operations necessitating and challenging private security

  • Solutions to the Challenges


The private security industry in SA continues to be a fast growing industry, one in which the perception that crime is the growth path for the industry, is maintained.  How relevant is this, as there seems to be new building blocks representing growth being developed – such as safety?

In the past two years the industry numbers have decreased, and registered active businesses have decreased by 3,6% to 9 031 in 2013, of which:

  • armed response businesses decreased by 7,48%

  • assets in transit decreased by 12,17%

  • active guarding businesses decreased by 12,17% to 6 407

Interestingly the registered and active manned guarding figures increased from 427 147 in 2011/2012 to 445 407 in 2013.

A thorough analysis indeed indicates a decrease in the manned guarding business growth with minimal consolidation amongst active companies.  The decline in the number of armed response businesses is indicative of smaller entities dropping out of business although that part of the industry is definitely growing due to the impact of residential robberies and burglaries.  The cost of transporting assets (AIT) has increased drastically due to the military style onslaught on cash and valuables in transit in the past and forced numbers of businesses to drop.  New technology at huge costs seems to be an effective deterrent to the cash in transit heists.

Electronic security components will gradually replace certain (few) manned guarding functions but probably not at the expected high rate – at least not for as long as manpower solutions are erroneously thrown at all security problems as a short term fix .  In mining security the real growth in electronic security is on plant, sorting house and refinery levels, whereas junior miners entering the SA mining environment to a large extent still focus on manned rather than electronic security solutions, especially in the manganese, platinum, coal and chrome environments.

A market growing rapidly is the crowd facilitation or riot/strike handling services through the employment of armored personnel carriers.  This came about since the demand and fear increased in the lead up to and following the Marikana event in the NW Province in 2012.  Private security businesses spend millions acquiring armored vehicles, many old and dilapidated but the demand overwhelmed all realism.  Mining houses paid a minimum of R20K per day, per armored vehicle with crews of up to 12 people, some in the vicinity of at least R2 mill per month.  In many circles this is perceived to be the market to grow, but if realism would prevail, the new trend should rather be focused on dialogue, negotiations and persuasion rather than the aggressive firing of shotguns.  It was indeed this type of military style adoption that lead to the Marikana massacre.

A definite fact is that the revenue turnover did not necessarily grow in the private security industry and neither have the net profit margins.  This is due to higher than CPI related wage increases. Annual security costs increased only on the lower CPI ratios in many instances, whilst wages increased on average by 7% per annum and higher over the past three years.  Security costs increased only by an average of 5  - 6% which puts stress on security companies to survive.  A concerning growing trend is that revenue growth and net profit growth are moving way apart to the negative.

Many mining houses still employ high numbers of in-house personnel with clear distinctions in productivity levels between the in-house and the private security services, more especially on the lower levels.  Many an in-house security manager faces challenges with employees and motivational levels, as they have little career opportunities to offer them.  The days of prestigious, highly trained and professional units such as Goldfields Security is something of the past.   The labour hire concept in an organized format prevails -  There is still a belief in large in-house contingents, in security departments utilizing outsourced guarding in many instances on the lowest levels, without outsourced supervision (actually no supervision) – almost the labor hire concept in an organized format.  How can an outsourced private security company provide a service to a mine if the private security company provides for example 100 security officers supervised by a junior Grade B Supervisor (not a Manager), and no afterhours supervisory or staff deployment capabilities – all the leadership functions of such a guard force are in the hands of the in house security staff?  This is still evident and most definitely not ideal – reminds one of the traditional “conca” guard with the blanket, knobkerrie and lonely dog, certainly not the recipe for the rendering of a service that is designed with various products and related services and skills!

Questions to be asked and answers to be sought, are whether the security industry has developed sufficiently within mining houses to effectively safeguard their assets?  If security businesses have sufficient funding to meet the technology requirements for mining security but also if mining houses utilize security as a bare essential or an insurance necessity, and if they really value the cost of private security?   Are mining houses prepared to introduce advanced protection measures or is the focus on the age old “guard at the gate” ?  Many a mine utilizes the lowest levels of trained guards in an attempt to contain cost with little to no career opportunities, resulting in high staff turnover and security guards regrettably and wrongly becoming involved in crime as supplement for their income.

The private security industry is busy transforming in terms of Broad Based BEE with many a Historically Disadvantaged South African (HDSA) trying to start a private security business, but with a high “fall out rate” due to lack of experience and funding.  However, unless a specific project is launched to introduce a small role player from a local community, BBBEE is to a large extent only one of many tender adjudication criteria – price seem to be most important in new tender processes (80/20 or 90/10 criteria matrix).  It seems as if mining houses are more frequently prepared to introduce new inexperienced service providers based on the lower price.  A recent (2014) example is a major diamond mining house awarding a contract to a small sized business with no top and very little mining security experience.

With the transformation taking place in some private security companies come opportunities to develop managerial levels.  Many a HDSA manager employed in the private security industry requires managerial, language, life and product knowledge skills, which they were excluded from in the past, either through previous positions in the security industry or poor educational systems. Many an “old guard in-house Security Manager” still favor traditional military or SAP style managers, which in essence allow little room for opportunities for a new generation HSDA security manager. It is the higher educated HSDA Security Managers that are employed at mining house head office levels rather than mining site levels.

Leadership versus management is lacking in basically all industry sectors of South Africa and most definitely also in the private security industry.  There are too many “wannabe” managers and too few true leaders in the security industry.

In summary, the success of security services in SA is amongst others challenged with:

  • Continued in-house security services, which if not properly managed, negatively influence efficiencies

  • Understanding that cultural diversity is a reality that must be acknowledged as it influences relationships and understanding of certain issues, such as family, matters

  • Language barriers originating from substandard education systems result in poor English, poor customer care, poor writing skills, huge frustration and wrong perceptions

  • Lack of qualified drivers, believe it or not, or drivers buying licenses illegally adds to high accidents rates, vehicle accidents, safety incidents and hampers personal development and growth

  • The security industry is perceived negatively as it has become a stepping stone for many in the industry. The pool to select from is shrinking

  • Willingness to transform, engage in local development and levels of ploughing back into communities - a sustainable Socio Economic Development Plan (SEDP)

  • Leadership skills are deteriorating and require upliftment

  • A mechanism to independently act in special operational circumstances supplementing the traditional guarding in crime prevention and safety enforcement

22 April 2014

Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Read News24’s Comments Policy publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Read more from our Users

Submitted by
Terrylin Backpackers
The cheque is in the post

"I hear you are in bond collections. What are the latest excuses people are coming up with these days? I've run out of ideas." Read more...

10 comments 3878 views
Submitted by
News in the digital age

How do you think that spreading your hate/bigotry and or intolerance helps anybody? Read more...

14 comments 1235 views
Submitted by
Brian Faul
How and why a Dictator is born

One needs to remember looking back in history these hard times is when a dictator is more likely to get born. It is during these hard times that a dictator gets voted into power. Read more...

10 comments 2022 views
Submitted by
Prenisha Naidoo
I will be proactive...

This letter is in response to articles on the death of baby Jamie Naidoo, We have the tendency to be reactive…we wait for something to happen, then suddenly we care, writes a News24 User. Read more...

2 comments 500 views
Submitted by

Make a list of at least ten things that you can celebrate, and write two or three reasons why you can celebrate those things or events. Read more...

1 comments 186 views
Submitted by
Eric de Castro
Last squeak of the year


14 comments 310 views

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go! - shop online today

Grand Theft Auto 5

Now available on PS4, Xbox One and PC from R649. Buy now!

Festive gifts!

Check out our awesome range of festive gifts to make everyone’s wishes come true. Shop now!

Save on Samsung

Cameras, mobile phones, TVs, Tablets and more. While stocks last. Shop now!

Save up to R2200 on electronics! – As seen in the catalogue

Wishing for tech gadgets this festive? Save up to R2100 on hot tech products at While stocks last. Shop now!

30% off the bestselling books

Save big on the most captivating reads of 2014. While stocks last. Shop now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25



E-mail Alerts The latest headlines in your inbox

RSS feeds News delivered really simply.

Mobile News24 on your mobile or PDA

E-mail Newsletters You choose what you want

News24 on your iPhone Get News24 headlines on your iPhone.

SMS Alerts Get breaking news stories via SMS.

Blogs Your opinion on you, me and everyone.

Calais Website keywords automated by OpenCalais.

Interactive Advertising Bureau
© 2014 All rights reserved.
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.