PLEASE NOTE:

MyNews24 is a user-generated section of News24.com. The stories here come from users.

 
ZION
 
Comments: 18
Article views: 743
 
 
Latest Badges:



 
View all ZION's badges.
 

Obsessive Compulsive Reaction (Disorder)

29 January 2013, 12:10

An option was to use the internet and Google for a better and later version but some readers may see it as a thievery.

In this reaction the anxiety is associated with the presence in consciousness of unpleasant and morbid thoughts or repetitive impulses to perform apparently meaningless and realistic acts.  Although the patient may regard his ideas and behaviour as unreasonable, he is unable to control them. Either the obsessive thought or the compulsive ceremonial may arise singly or both may appear in sequence.   The patient regularly repudiates the distressing thoughts, which are often highly repugnant and concerned with violent aggressive or sexually perverse impulses.  However, the more he struggles to dispel his thoughts, the more insistently do they intrude.  Great fear may be associated with such ruminations, and a ritualistic act frequently serves as an attempt at mastery of the fear. 

The personality of obsessive-compulsive patients is characterized by inflexibility, constant doubt, vacillation and adherence to excessive standards of morality.   They tend to be over conscientious and inhibited in the expression of pleasure and in the capacity for relaxation.  A tendency toward checking and rechecking of the simplest acts contributes toward lack of productivity and the consumption of much energy in unprofitable and wasteful labour. 

The  Danger of Defence  Action

Although defence is undertaken in the service of self preservation, reason, mental equilibrium and social adaptation, such major interference with the natural forces in the human mind cannot fail to have serious consequences for the individual’s health and happiness.  The effort of maintaining a constant defence system is in itself a strain on the ego and may deplete it on energies needed for other constructive purposes.

Turning aggression against the self socializes the individual but simultaneously weakens his efficiency and creates a self destructive masochistic  attitude to life.   Regression may promise momentary safety from conflict but interferes severely as growth and development.  Repression above all is justly held responsible for damage to the personality.

Defence and Mental Illness

No neurosis maintains its structure   by employing one defence mechanism only, but always a combination of several.   Although defence mechanisms are an integral part of every neurotic structure, the presence of defensive activity in the mind is in itself no sign of pathology.  In cases where the defence is successful in controlling tensions, no symptomatology develops, although the effect may be crippling to the ego and impoverishing for instinctual life.

Where the defence mechanisms fail to ward off anxiety and “unpleasure” and where repressed matter returns to consciousness, the ego is forced to multiply and over intensify its defensive efforts and to over stress the use of the various mechanisms.  It is in these instances, that, finally, the formation of neurotic symptoms is resorted to.  Such symptoms are compromise formations which express and represent at the same time the defensive tendencies of the ego and the pleasure seeking tendencies of the id.  Psychoses signify a sever breakdown in the defence system, characterised by the preponderance of the primitive mechanisms.

SOURCE: BRITANNICA  ENCYCLOPAEDIA   (1969) AND NO LONGER  IN PRINT
Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

 

Read News24’s Comments Policy

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
18 comments
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Read more from our Users

Submitted by
PeterTracey
We must do more for the working c...

It has been my observation that there are broadly four main categories of people in South Africa: new money, old money, politically connected individuals and the working class  Read more...

6 comments 333 views
Submitted by
John Reese
Driving in Cape Town traffic is h...

I'm writing this article to simply express my frustration with the traffic and the traffic cops who troll the roads. Read more...

5 comments 1216 views
Submitted by
Guy M Artist
Small business trips, tricks and ...

Today I want to talk to you about entrepreneurship, owning a small business and the hazards of being self employed.  Read more...

5 comments 671 views
Submitted by
Adam Sibuyi
Our subsequent scuffle cutting ed...

Africa, albeit sovereign, are still far-flung from being unrestricted and liberated. Dogmatic liberation is demarcated basically as autonomous. Read more...

7 comments 85 views
Submitted by
Jenelle Joanne Ramsami
My Story

My name is Jenelle Joanne Ramsami and I was born from Durban as a partially impaired individual and I had to endure a lot of hurdles and challenges in life. Read more...

3 comments 264 views
Submitted by
Julian Jackson
Why value investors have been und...

Value investing has been a solid philosophy and history has shown that it works better than most other investment philosophies.  Read more...

2 comments 1098 views
 

services

E-mail Alerts The latest headlines in your inbox

RSS feeds News delivered really simply.

Mobile News24 on your mobile or PDA

E-mail Newsletters You choose what you want

News24 on Android Get the latest from News24 on your Android device.

SMS Alerts Get breaking news stories via SMS.

Blogs Your opinion on you, me and everyone.

TV Get us in your home, on your television.

 
Interactive Advertising Bureau
 
© 2015 24.com. All rights reserved.
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.