MyNews24 is a user-generated section of The stories here come from users.

Comments: 12
Article views: 262
Latest Badges:

View all Percy_Makholwa's badges.

Paradigm shift needed

04 July 2014, 19:44

The human security architecture may be taking shape if the stated progress by Minister Mashabane, on Friday, 4 July 2014-in the New Age, is anything to go by, but Africa’s progress is always humstrung by what belies more than fifty years of failed peace and security: an unstable and useless politico-cultural and social foundation.

Racist pundits have sought to present Africa as “stuck in history” these include celebrated theoreticians like Francis Fukuyama who wrote the “End of History” and others like Robert Kaplan who wrote “The Coming Anarchy”.

The central thesis therein is that Africa should never be expected to be at peace and by inference that the “progress” allegedly advanced towards by the rest of the world in technology, sophisticated trade and investment was essentially out of the reach of Africans.  

This is nothing new since even Hegel- said the black man was without a history and therefore was unable to civilize. My reproach at Franz Fanon on his thesis-Hegel et Le Negre-( Hegel and the Black man) is also relevant to the sentiment I wish to publish herewith.  Fanon, inspired by Hegel, had seen the inaction or limited blood struggle of the black man against white colonialism and subsequent suppression as dictated by a lack in their political and thus socio-cultural and economic assertiveness and thus evolution.

Put simply: we (black Africans) never fought off (nor were we ready to die fighting) colonialism and the few white colonizers who had guns and gun powder  albeit it that we had advantage in numbers and that’s why troops of mascular warriors got driven to surrender land, dignity, wealth political, racial and economic identity to become slaves and animals that fight and devour each other.

Of course, I don’t think that Hegel and Fanon had  a correct view of violence endured and opposed by the Africans then,  nor is their historical arguement correct  because conquest was also politico-cultural as seen in Nongqawuse; and as Walter Rodney would have said the displacement of Africans from their land, from world history and ultimately from world politics through the Berlin conference  was equally a gradual and very sneaky process, where ideas were stolen and due recognition for the pyramids for example was simply wiped out of records-and the effects are still very present today in the political philosophies that have been allowed to fester in Africa and these still create a separatist stench throughout Africa.

Sir Arthur Lewis in “Politics in West Africa” states the issue of Political and Economic underdevelopment quite efficiently when he states that the failure of Africa was set when the different cleavages were given differential and politicized identities and their primordial existence was re-written to have been one of peaceless coexistence mindless killings and conquest that the colonizers "helped" put an end to. 

The fact the Minister Mashabane speaks of 2063 as the goal for a peaceful Africa is a sad reminder of how deep the colonial conquest in Africa truly has been.  In his book, “Victims Become Killers” Mahmood Mamdani refers to how the Belgians actually inspired the root of successive genocides in Rwanda from the genocide against the Twa and Hutu by Belgium, then that of Hutu by the Begians through theTutsi, who were called the lost tribe of Solomon; then the most recent genocide of Hutu against Tutsi were the Belgians and United States actually stated at the United Nations Security Council why they planted this deadly seed- they saw Africans as prone to civil war  and warned that the world should stay out. 

By inference therefore:  the blacks are naturally murderous and prone to destruction, this cannot be changed  the world must move on with civilization.

 Beyond the anger that these citations invoke I hope to remind Africans in this piece that actually our problem  is the lack of plurality and nation building consciousness, this will make peace elusive even in 2063.  Africans need to devote more energies in creating plural societies and opposing political marginalization.

There are signs of great promise that say to me that Africa realizes that peace is not won through deployment of armed forces but through political paradigm shifts- rightfully the African Union has suspended and continues to suspend Egypt for deposing a popularly elected government through its military. This sets the tone for the right political culture that Africans must build on-plurality and respect for norms.  

The challenges still exist in difficult areas like Bokoharam and Al Shabaab controlled areas- the solutions will not come through standoffs and military deployments, but political interchange, gradual trust building and reformist political inclusion will be the only solutions.

The South African lesson is that this will not be easy, but determined leadership and an increasingly educated society that will learn of importance of nation building, while also developing a civic awareness will deliver ultimate peace and prosperity.  Post apartheid South Africa  has done well to create a basis for social cohesion and attitudes will requires increased education, responsible and conscious public life but the state must lead.

South Africa leads social cohesion through  very significant interventions in education,  the number of black South African in former white universities is a step in the right direction since  there is an increasing number of socially and economically aware South Africans who understand how to legally deal with racism and discrimination and who will not easily pick up arms to deal with problems but will vote, and call for radical policies.

More importantly,  South Africa is increasingly creating integrated communities and one of the flagships- Cosmos City in Gauteng mixes races, classes and ethnicities. Admittedly, government had to fight cases in court to locate people near Deinfern,  but after winning those cases pundits had to accept that have a predominantly black state subsidized property next to their suburbs did not bring down property prices. 

South Africa is actually doing what moderinisation theorist,  Karl Duetsch would call social mobilization.  Beyond mixed housing, allocation of state subsized houses does is no longer on race or ethinicity as it was for the  old  black townships under apartheid-where allocation created a Tswana, Zulu and Venda section.

This is the great lessons that our continent can learn from South Africa, politically directed administration aimed at social cohesion, then we will have secure, peaceful and prosperous Africa.

Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Read News24’s Comments Policy publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Read more from our Users

Submitted by
Terrylin Backpackers
The cheque is in the post

"I hear you are in bond collections. What are the latest excuses people are coming up with these days? I've run out of ideas." Read more...

5 comments 963 views
Submitted by
News in the digital age

How do you think that spreading your hate/bigotry and or intolerance helps anybody? Read more...

13 comments 995 views
Submitted by
Brian Faul
How and why a Dictator is born

One needs to remember looking back in history these hard times is when a dictator is more likely to get born. It is during these hard times that a dictator gets voted into power. Read more...

10 comments 1811 views
Submitted by
Prenisha Naidoo
I will be proactive...

This letter is in response to articles on the death of baby Jamie Naidoo, We have the tendency to be reactive…we wait for something to happen, then suddenly we care, writes a News24 User. Read more...

2 comments 439 views
Submitted by

Make a list of at least ten things that you can celebrate, and write two or three reasons why you can celebrate those things or events. Read more...

1 comments 155 views
Submitted by
Eric de Castro
Last squeak of the year


13 comments 222 views

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go! - shop online today

2DAYS ONLY – 30% off Appliances

Coffee makers, blenders, fans, juicers and more. T&Cs apply. Shop now!

2 DAYS ONLY – 40% off books

Get 40% off when you buy 2 books. For two days only! T&Cs apply. Buy now!

Up to 50% off on outdoor gear

Save on chairs, blankets, cooler bags, umbrellas and more. Shop now!

Save on Samsung

Cameras, mobile phones, TVs, Tablets and more. While stocks last. Shop now!

Grand Theft Auto 5

Now available on PS4, Xbox One and PC from R649. Buy now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25



E-mail Alerts The latest headlines in your inbox

RSS feeds News delivered really simply.

Mobile News24 on your mobile or PDA

E-mail Newsletters You choose what you want

News24 on your iPhone Get News24 headlines on your iPhone.

SMS Alerts Get breaking news stories via SMS.

Blogs Your opinion on you, me and everyone.

Calais Website keywords automated by OpenCalais.

Interactive Advertising Bureau
© 2014 All rights reserved.
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.