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Some Facts About Ukraine You May Not Know.

26 May 2014, 14:12

1. Crimea has been part of Russia since the 1700's under Catherine the Great.  The majority of the people in Crimea are Russian speaking and associate themselves historically with Russia. In 1954 Crimea was annexed to Ukraine at a time when both regions were part of the Soviet Union. In 2014 the people of Crimea held a referendum with 90% turnout and voted to rejoin Russia. Russia did not "annex" Crimea, "invade"Crimea or "take over "Crimea. Crimea chose to become part of Russia again after 60 years in a referendum that was properly monitored and in accordance with International law. 

Eastern Ukraine.

2. Eastern Ukraine as with Crimea, is historically, culturally and linguistically linked to Russia. 1,000 years ago the country we now know as Russia rose out of an area called Kiev Russ which encompassed most of what is now Eastern Ukraine. Kiev was originally the capital of Russia. When the Right Wing Nazi junta took over Kiev this year in a coup, the people from Eastern Ukraine did not want to be part of it. As a result the regions of  Donetsk and Lugansk held a referendum which had a total voter turnout of approx. 80% and declared themselves to be  separate federations. It is unclear as to whether they wish to rejoin Russia or establish themselves as Independent Federated States. The Kiev Nazi Junta has not recognised these referendums and has sent in armed forces who have shot and killed many unarmed civilians. 


3. The people of Odessa held peaceful anti Kiev rallies and were camped outside of the Trade Union Building. In amongst these anti Kiev protesters, the pro Kiev protesters and the police, were a group of men wearing red arm bands so they could recognise each other in the three different groups. It was largely due to their orchestration and incitement to violence that the pro Kiev demonstrators chased the anti Kiev demonstrators into the Trade Union Building. Inside the building activists were waiting for anti Kiev protestors wh were murdered, shot in the head, raped, strangled and had their heads and hands set alight. The large majority of the anti Kiev protesters did not die from smoke inhalation caused by fires set off by pro Kiev protesters throwing Molotov cocktails into the building, but were murdered. No full estimates of the death toll has been confirmed. Numbers ranging from 164- over 300 hundred have made it into different reports. 


4. Unlike the referendums in Crimea, Donetsk and Lugansk  which had  80-90% voter turnout, the elections in Ukraine on the 25th May had a voter turnout of between 35% and 45%, the majority of people in Eastern Ukraine did not take part in these elections. 

Ukraine is a country that has been created in the last century by joining predominately Russia speaking Orthodox Christians in the east to predominately Ukrainian speaking Catholics in the west. It is clear that it is a country divided along demographic, historic, linguistic, cultural and religious lines. 

For further information please see:

Welcome to Nulandistan: Propaganda and the Crisis in Ukraine


Democracy Landslide in Eastern Ukraine: Lugansk and Donetsk Declare Independence

Kiev and Right Sector Kristallnacht Odessa

Ukraine Presidential Elections. Low Turn-out. Poroshenko Declares Victory

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