Some supporters of the GAP theory say that between the time (geological) that events as described in verse one of Genesis took place, and the time (geological) that the events in verse two took place, there was a lengthy period of time where the following happened. They state this with confidence, yet, without any indication or inference from the bible that this was in fact so. The chronology of the bible, and flawed as it is, is fairly simple and does not allow for interpretation, unless you interpret it to support a particular point of view. If this is so, then it can’t be true, since not everyone’s interpretation is going to be correct and therefor true.
They imply that God created the heaven and earth as perfect, since logic dictates that a perfect being cannot create imperfection, unless he willingly and knowingly does so, in which case we need to question his motives for creating imperfection if he was capable of creating perfection. One is then forced to assume that, in terms of creationist arguments, that the heaven and earth as it was created by God in the first place, was perfect.
In verse two, it clearly states the following:
2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the Spirit of God was moving over the face of the waters.
However, there is nothing written in the bible between verse one and two. And nothing effectively equals nothing. This raises the question of convenience arguments where things are read INTO scripture in order to satisfy a particular argument or position. Reading things INTO scripture which are evidently not there can only be regarded as attempts to justify a particular position that the writer of the original text was totally ignorant of, and in this case, this would include God, who inspired Moses through divine revelation to write the record of creation.
But there is much more to this discussion.
Many people have tried to place a gap of indeterminate time between the first two verses of Genesis chapter 1. There are many different versions as to what supposedly happened in this "gap" of time. Most versions of the "gap" theory place millions of years of geologic time (including billions of fossil animals) in between these two first verses of Genesis. This is the "ruin-reconstruction" version of the gap theory. In this version it is stated that God created the earth, and then, for some unknown reason, decided to destroy it again, and re-create it. Also, during this period and in order to accommodate the existence of the millions of fossils already discovered, proponents of the Gap theroy suggest that the dinosaurs lived along with all the other flora and fauna of which evidence has been found.
However, this undermines the gospel as it allows for death, bloodshed, disease, and suffering before Adam's sin. Because most "ruin-reconstruction" theorists have accepted the millions of years dating for the fossil record, they have thus allowed the fallible theories of scientists to determine the meaning of Scripture.
One has to question why, in terms of this argument, God would create the heavens and earth, and then, way before the concept of the sin of man was even created by himself, he chose to destroy the earth, and leave it, as stated in verse two, empty and void. Why would he do that, and to what purpose? If this is true, then we are left with a situation where God, even without being prompted by human sin, decides to destroy and dis-organise his own creation for no apparent reason. Unless he was practicing for the great flood of Noah's time. But the bible tells us nothing of this. References in the bible of this time seems to appear only much later, as written by other people, not Moses, who is credited for writing the history of the creation.
Some put the fall of Satan in this supposed period. But any rebellion of Satan during this gap of time contradicts God's description of His completed creation on day six as all being "very good" (Genesis 1:31). If God created Satan and all his evil intentions during this period, then the implication is that he considered evil to have been “good”. This does not make any sense at all.
There have been many attempts over the years to harmonize the Genesis account of creation with accepted geology (and its teaching of billions of years for the age of the earth), such as "theistic evolution" and "progressive creation." The gap theory was another significant attempt by Christian theologians to reconcile the time scale of world history found in Genesis with the popular belief that geologists provide "undeniable" evidence that the world is exceedingly old (billions of years).
Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847), a notable Scottish theologian and first moderator of the Free Church of Scotland, was perhaps the man most responsible for the gap theory. The idea can be traced back to the rather obscure writings of the Dutchman Episcopius (1583-1643), and was first recorded from one of Chalmers' lectures in 1814. Rev. William Buckland, a geologist, did much to popularize the idea. Although Chalmers' writings give very little information about the gap theory, many of the details are obtained from other writers such as the 19th century geologist Hugh Miller, who quoted from Chalmers' lectures on the subject. This ruin-reconstruction view is held by many who use Bible study aids such as the Scofield Reference Bible, Dake's Annotated Reference Bible, and The Newberry Reference Bible.
The most notably influential 19th century writer to popularize this view was G.H. Pember, in his book Earth's Earliest Ages, first published in 1884. Numerous editions of this work were published, with the 15th edition appearing in 1942.
The 20th century writer who published the most academic defense of the gap theory was Arthur C. Custance in his work Without Form and Void. However, there is another version of the GAP theory, as promoted by Fields, a christian historian. He states, in summary, the following:
In the far distant dateless past, God created a perfect heaven and perfect earth. Satan was ruler of the earth which was peopled by a race of "men" without any souls. Eventually, Satan, who dwelled in a garden of Eden composed of minerals (Ezekiel 28), rebelled by desiring to become like God (Isaiah 14). Because of Satan's fall, sin entered the universe and brought on the earth God's judgment in the form of a flood (indicated by the water of 1:2), and then a global ice age when the light and heat from the sun were somehow removed.
All the plant, animal, and human fossils upon the earth today date from this "Lucifer's flood" and do not bear any genetic relationship with the plants, animals, and fossils living upon the earth today.
Lets examine what Fields says a little closer. The far, distant, dateless past? This has to be the case, because one assumes that prior to the creation as recorded in the bible during the period between verse one and two of Genesis, that God had not created time as yet. If this be the case, then how could time “pass” from the creation of this world without form and void, to the destruction of this same world? It goes against the argument of causality that many Christians adhere to. They state, in terms of the Kalam Cosmological Argument, mentioned elsewhere in this letter, that everything must have a cause. If everything is caused, then it implies that there is an effect, or a result, which can only come after the causal action had been taken, which in turn implies the passage of time. But God had not created time as yet, so how could there be cause and effect? Did everything happen at the same moment?
Then there is the issue of the “race” of men without souls. As will be seen later in this letter, we question the soul that man believes he has obtained in any case. But then there is the inevitable reference to sin again, even before the creation of man as we know it today (after those who were created without souls). Is Fields suggesting that God made a mistake in creating men without souls? Perhaps, in the view of there not being a heaven and a hell as yet, God felt that if these guys were going to be destroyed in the flood that Fields mentions, then he had better not allocate them any souls since he would not know what to do with them once they have died, as he had not yet created heaven or hell.
Once again, one has to view these theories in the light that there are no scripture that supports them, other than those being perverted by religious fanatics to make them fit their positions. Also, none of these theories are supported by ANY scientific evidence.
If it fails both the measurements of scripture and science, then, one can safely assume, that the GAP theory is a religious lie, as well as a scientific impossibility.
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