PLEASE NOTE:

MyNews24 is a user-generated section of News24.com. The stories here come from users.

 
FatherChristmasConscience
 
Comments: 19
Article views: 680
 
 
Latest Badges:


 
View all FatherChristmasConscience's badges.
 

The truth about the truth part II.

24 February 2014, 11:28
Absolute truth: The theory

 

People often think that by studying the world they will learn something about the world in itself, get some knowledge about how the world really is. Knowledge about how the world looks like when its image is not blurred by erroneous interpretations, ideas, or even fantasies. Knowledge of what constitutes the world, knowledge that is objective, which content exists independent whether the element of the world is observed or not. In short - the knowledge of the Absolute Truth. We will now show that there is no logically correct way to determine whether and to what extent the results of any tests, studies or scientific or non-scientific research describe this absolutely true structure of the world. We’ll show that it is impossible to determine whether and to what extent our research gives us insight into the true structure of the world, insight unadulterated by our observations and by our imaginations.

Let’s note at the beginning that the truth evaluation of the hypothesis is the result of a comparison of a hypothetical state with an actual one. This actual state is the state we can say of "it is the way it should be". It is precisely because by using the available facts we assess whether the label on the tin says the truth about its contents. Hypothetical state is a guess about appearance, consistency and taste of the product obtained by reading the label. The actual state is the appearance, texture and taste of the product, which we experience after opening the can. In the same way we evaluate whether the ruling party meets its promises given to the voters. A hypothetical state is our expectations for the amount of taxes one need to pay every year. The actual state is the sum which the tax authorities will claim at the end of the year and the void you will feel in your wallet. Similar principle applies to assessing the veracity of hypotheses in the natural sciences. Hypothetical state is the expected time of hitting the ground by a stone falling from the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Actual state is record on the stopwatch. There isn’t and can’t be another criterion for the truth in the natural sciences. The truth, by definition, is a compatibility between two states: the hypothetical and actual. There is always some assumption and there is always some form of checking this assumption, which is reducible to some sensory experience.

When purchasing, voting or researching we have a reference point, the actual state. We can identify it, point the finger at it. This allows us to evaluate not only truth or falseness of the hypothesis, more, we can estimate the degree of comatibility of these two states (which is not necessarily ideal) and thus to compare which of the hypotheses is a better approximation of the truth. So we can make an assessment of which action will be the most sensible step towards improving compatibility. Estimating the degree of veracity allows us to move towards the truth. And this is possible only due to the fact that from the very beginning we can point out the actual state - the result of an experiment - and the method of comparing it with the hypothetical state. Regardless of whether it refers to a tin contents, a height of the taxes, or the law of universal gravitation.

Let’s emphasize it once again in other words, because the thing is crucial: explanations by natural sciences are always presented as a set of structured relations between sensory data. Correctness of these explanations is evaluated by comparing the hypothetical with actual state reduced to some specific sensory experience. Consecutive achievements of science rely on presentation relations integrating even wider class of sensory observations, which results in even better ability to anticipate the consequences of our actions and even more control over the sensory world. This is due to the knowledge of such relations that we can plan our activities so that their effect is a plane or a vaccine against influenza. We do not need anything more than the knowledge of these relations to submit a plan of action at the end of which stands a device or medicine.

The case is quite different, however, when you are going to learn the absolute truth. Is the other person is really aware of its existence and the plant is not, and is my experience just another dream or am I awake? Evaluation of the truth is the result of a comparison of a hypothetical state with the actual, in this case however, actual state is unknown. We are looking for it. And because of that now we fall into the fundamental difficulty, which results in our inability to establish a link between our assumptions and absolute truth:

to evaluate the truth, you first need to figure out where the truth is. But ...
in order to figure out where the truth is, one must first evaluate the truth. But ...
to evaluate the truth, you first need to figure out where the truth is. But ...
in order to figure out where the truth is, one must first evaluate….
...
And so on and on.  There is nowhere to start from.

Therefore, the only attainable knowledge about absolute truth is that it is unattainable. Knowledge requires that its accuracy can be verified. And the only thing we can check is that we can’t make a logically correct evaluation of the claims about absolute truth ...

Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.
 

Read News24’s Comments Policy

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
19 comments
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Read more from our Users

Submitted by
Tiisetso Maloma
Open letter to minister of Small ...

Below I list a few things which I believe frustrate entrepreneurship growth and acceleration in South Africa.  Read more...

1 comments 95 views
The alarming issues relating to y...

Unemployment is one of the key indicators of poverty and has various negative effects on people. Read more...

4 comments 54 views
Submitted by
Logan
Impeach President Zuma

Why do we expect the best from professionals in all areas of our normal day-to-day, but accept what clearly is nowhere near sufficient from our President? Read more...

5 comments 105 views
Submitted by
jerrypitie
Investing in the poor pays much f...

It is nothing but a wreck of a thought and act of pruning short cuts for the lazy and the ignorants. Read more...

23 comments 572 views
Submitted by
Juanne Coetzee
Potential armed shopping robbers ...

ARREST - SAPS at their best Read more...

3 comments 916 views
Submitted by
Jotta Malvern Booysen
Open letter to Premier Helen Zill...

After kidney failure people need a new kidney or dialysis to live. If you do not get dialysis, toxins will build up in your blood and water will fill your lungs and you will die. Read more...

32 comments 2064 views

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go!

Magical Massinga

Spend 5 nights at the gorgeous Massinga Beach Lodge in Mozambique and only pay for 4 from R13 220 per person sharing. Includes return flights, accommodation, transfers and romantic turndown. Book now!

Kalahari.com - shop online today

Seen something you like in our catalogue?

Find the perfect gift and save up to R5000 – As seen on the catalogue. Hurry and shop now!

Save up to R1000 on Hisense smartphones!

View the large range of Hisense smartphones. Buy today and save up to R1000!

Toys 4 for the price of 3

Buy 4 toys and get the cheapest FREE! Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

Mind blowing prices – As seen on TV

Get mind blowing prices on 1000’s of products! Shop now.

Deal of the week!

Save R1200 on the Samsung 48” smart full HD LED television now only R8799. Buy now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

 

services

E-mail Alerts The latest headlines in your inbox

RSS feeds News delivered really simply.

Mobile News24 on your mobile or PDA

E-mail Newsletters You choose what you want

News24 on your iPhone Get News24 headlines on your iPhone.

SMS Alerts Get breaking news stories via SMS.

Blogs Your opinion on you, me and everyone.

Calais Website keywords automated by OpenCalais.

 
Interactive Advertising Bureau
 
© 2014 24.com. All rights reserved.
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.








Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.