MyNews24 is a user-generated section of The stories here come from users.

Leonard Mulunda
Comments: 4
Article views: 189

World Refugee day

20 June 2014, 19:45

Today the world and Africa are celebrating « World refugee day» as Africans what this day means to us? And what consideration are we giving to this day?

This day should be considered as a depressed moment of the consolidation of man and women, forced to leave their respective countries to live elsewhere. The United Nations conference of plenipotentiaries on the status of refugees and stateless  held at Geneva from 2 to 25 July 1951, and its 1967 protocol are the most comprehensive treaties that provide a definition of refugee, and spell out the legal status of refugee including their rights and obligations.

States that have acceded to 1951 convention are obliged by the international law to protect refugees on their territory and respect refugees’ basic human right, which should be at least equivalent to freedom enjoyed by foreign nationals living legally in a given country and, in many cases, to citizens of that state. South Africa who acceded to the 1951 convention and its 167 protocol on 12 Jan 1996 is one of the 145 states to ratify the international treaties on refugees.

Who is refugee? And why should Africa celebrated refugee day? A refugee is someone who has been forced to flee his or her country because of persecution, war, or violence. A refugee has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular political party or social group. In occasion as such, African Nations should use it to strengthen political co-operation based on the promotion of Human Right in the Continent  which can end all political conflict that are witnessed since the end of colonialism era, as Africa remains the continent which host most refugees than any other continent .  

The United Nations established on 24 October 1945 with the aim of promoting international co-operation, prevent conflict, maintaining international peace and security, as well as promoting human rights, through its general assembly held on 04 December 2000, decided in the resolution 55/76 that, from 2001, 20 June would be celebrated as world refugee day. One is asking if it is enough to celebrate every June 20 without researching the sources of conflicts in Africa, or a comprehensive long term strategy need to be implemented in order to stop the reproduction of refugees that commonly is the result of political power dispute.

Since the end of colonialism era, Africa as a whole remains a continent where the transfer of political power mostly is done by military coup or trough fraudulent election. But what doesn’t appear right is the fact that many leaders in Africa who acceded to power trough military coup or fraudulent elections, still getting international and regional recognition while they are the source of reproduction of refugees.

In fact, every year they give speech at United Nations general assembly while their leadership dishonoured all international frameworks in terms of Human Right as well as the goals searches by the United Nations. Is the United Nations Security Council compromising to its mandate by allowing those leaders to take the stand at the UN General Assembly?

While many refugees in South Africa still struggling with their integration into communities, they are   hoping and believing that  things must come to normal in their countries so that they can return safely to participate in   reconstruction and development.

This vision is not complying with the majorities of African leaders who are currently proceeding to the change of their constitutions which will allow them to remain in power which will reproduce many refugees again. What is wrong with African leaders? What is the role of the United Nations (UN), African Union (AU), the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the South African Development Community (SADC)? Why Africa remains unstable continent in terms of the transfer of political power?

Why in Africa we still observing fraudulent elections? Why in Africa we still have leaders that are in power for more than 30 years? If all these questions are addressed clearly, the reproduction of refugees will stop with immediate effect. Failure to address correctly and consequently we will always witness the reproduction of refugees; because Innocent people become victims when fraudulent elections are held or a military coup occurs which in most of the case force them to leave their countries on basic of seeking asylums elsewhere.

In occasion as such, the international community and other stake holders should evaluate the transfer of political power every time general elections have to be held in most dangerous countries such as DRC, Congo Brazzaville, Uganda, Burundi, Uganda, Central African Republic, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya, Cameroun, Burkina Faso, as well as Rwanda and impose the implementation of international framework and consequences to leaders that violate the right of citizens.

The integration of refugees will always be an issue in the host countries such as Africa if all stakeholders do not play a crucial role by involving all South Africans citizens and explaining to them why the country host refugees. But it is important that all stakeholders reviewed the integration programmes contained in the treaties to reassure the safety and   protection of refugees and asylum seekers as the 2008 xenophobic attack on refugees should be condemn and avoided. One should remember that a person remains human Being before he or she become refugee. Africans people should not only be celebrating June 20, but we should be using this opportunity to say no to all African dictators that are the cause of the massive refugees movement across the continent, and we should say no to any kind of violence on refugees as while they are victims on their soil, they cannot be victims again in the host country which guarantee them safety and refuges.  The United Nations and all stake holders should double the effort to bring peace and stability in the Great Lakes region which will end the reproduction of refugees.

Leonard Mulunda Independent researcher in conflict affecting the Great Lakes Region of Africa.

Disclaimer: All articles and letters published on MyNews24 have been independently written by members of News24's community. The views of users published on News24 are therefore their own and do not necessarily represent the views of News24. News24 editors also reserve the right to edit or delete any and all comments received.

Read News24’s Comments Policy publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Read more from our Users

Submitted by
A Groovy Trooper
Israel is my Avatar

On Sundays you will see a small army of Muslims driving around hooting with Palestinian flags fluttering out the car windows. Read more...

8 comments 277 views
Submitted by
Thulane Che Trosky
The irony of it all.

In the meeting that the Minister had with local representatives, each delegated person was supplied with bottled, distilled water in front of him. Read more...

4 comments 206 views
Submitted by
DA rent-a-Black continues in EFF

DA theatrics almost beats EFF showcase. Act 1 of Rent-a-Black ends, in comes Mmusi-cum-Obama-Maimane. Read more...

36 comments 662 views
Submitted by
Moos Liem
Closed Mosque 101

I thought I would take the opportunity to explain what happens in our Closed Mosques. Read more...

138 comments 2023 views
Submitted by
Shattered dreams of our Youth...a...

The Children of South Africa have their hopes shattered whilst the Political Party’s are busy with their “duties” of infighting at the House of Parliament.  Read more...

9 comments 249 views
Submitted by
Stockholm Syndrome as an end to t...

Hanah Arendt once wrote a controversial book titled Eichmann in Jerusalem; a case for the banality of evil.  Read more...

7 comments 222 views

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go!

Magical Massinga

Spend 5 nights at the gorgeous Massinga Beach Lodge in Mozambique and only pay for 4 from R13 220 per person sharing. Includes return flights, accommodation, transfers and romantic turndown. Book now! - shop online today

Pre-order your iPhone 6 at

Hurry and pre-order your own iPhone 6 now at SA’s favourite online store!

Bargain box – 60% off

Reduced prices, very limited stock. While stocks last. Hurry and shop now!

Mind blow low prices on electronics

Get either the Prestigio multiphone or Proline tablet 7” tablet for only R699. Offers valid while stocks last. Shop now!

30% off Barbie toys

Save 30% on all Barbie toys and accessories. Offer valid while stocks last. Shop now!

Baby extravanganza month at

Celebrate baby month with a wide range of awesome baby products. Offers valid while stocks last. Shop now.

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25



E-mail Alerts The latest headlines in your inbox

RSS feeds News delivered really simply.

Mobile News24 on your mobile or PDA

E-mail Newsletters You choose what you want

News24 on your iPhone Get News24 headlines on your iPhone.

SMS Alerts Get breaking news stories via SMS.

Blogs Your opinion on you, me and everyone.

Calais Website keywords automated by OpenCalais.

Interactive Advertising Bureau
© 2014 All rights reserved.
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.