Key dates in the life of Nelson Mandela

2013-12-06 08:01
Nelson Mandela. (Nardus Engelbrecht, Beeld)

Nelson Mandela. (Nardus Engelbrecht, Beeld)

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Johannesburg - Key dates in the life of Nelson Mandela:

- 18 July 1918: Born into Thembu royal family in Mvezo village in southeastern South Africa.

- 1940: Expelled from Fort Hare University College for participating in a student strike.

- 1941: Moves to Johannesburg, becomes policeman at a mine.

- 1943: Joins the African National Congress (ANC).

- 1944: Marries Evelyn Mase, a trainee nurse.

- 1952: Opens the first black law practice in Johannesburg with Oliver Tambo.

- 5 December 1956: Is among 156 political activists arrested and charged with treason.

- 1958: Marries social worker Nomzamo Zaniewe Winifred Winnie Madikizela after divorcing his first wife.

- 21 March 1960: Security forces massacre 67 protesters in Sharpeville. The government bans ANC and Pan African Congress and declares state of emergency.

- 1961: Acquitted in treason trial along with co-accused.

- 16 December 1961: Launch of ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), with Mandela as commander in chief.

- 5 August 1962: Captured and sentenced on November 7 to five years in prison for inciting a strike and leaving the country illegally.

- 1963: While serving this sentence, is charged with sabotage along with other ANC activists arrested in Rivonia near Johannesburg.

- 12 June 1964: After famous speech from the dock (democracy "is an ideal for which I am prepared to die"), is sentenced to life imprisonment and sent to Robben Island prison off Cape Town.

- 5 July 1989: Meets president PW Botha and then on 13 December with FW de Klerk, who later becomes Botha's successor.

- 11 February 1990: Released from prison.

- 5 July 1991: Elected ANC president.

- April, 1992: Separates from his wife Winnie.

- 15 October 1993: Wins Nobel Peace Prize with De Klerk.

- 27 April 1994: Votes for the first time in his life in the country's first all-race elections.

- 10 May 1994: Inaugurated as president.

- 18 July 1998: Marries Graca Machel, widow of Mozambican president Samora Machel.

- 1999: Steps down as president after one term.

- 1 June 2004: Announces his retirement from public life.

- 6 January 2005: Announces that his son Makgatho had died of Aids.

- 19 April 2009: Makes his final political address in a recorded message at an ANC election rally.

- 11 July 2010: Appears at the closing ceremony of the Football World Cup in South Africa.

- 28 January 2011: Discharged from hospital after two days of treatment for an acute respiratory infection.

- 23 May 2011: Moves to his village home in Qunu, Eastern Cape.

- 8 December 2012: Admitted to hospital in Pretoria to be treated for a lung infection and gall stones.

- 26 December 2012: Mandela is discharged from hospital.

- 6 January 2013: Doctors say Mandela has "recovered" although he continues to receive care at his home in Johannesburg.

- 9 March 2013: Admitted overnight to a Pretoria hospital for a "scheduled medical check-up". Discharged the following day after "successful" tests.

- 27 March 2013: Mandela is readmitted to hospital for a recurrence of a lung infection.

- 29 April 2013: The first images of Nelson Mandela in almost nine months are released, showing the former president surrounded by a visiting ANC delegation. 

- 8 June 2013 – Admitted to a Pretoria hospital following a recurrence of his lung condition.


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RIP Nelson Mandela

2013-12-06 08:36

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