On this day - June 1

2011-06-01 07:39
Today is Wednesday, June 1, the 152nd day of 2011. There are 213 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1479 - The University of Copenhagen, Denmark, is founded.

1524 - The yearlong anti-aristocratic Peasants' War breaks out in southern Germany.

1562 - Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I signs a truce with the Sultan of Turkey, Suleyman I, agreeing to pay tribute for Austria's share of Hungary.

1671 - Turks declares war on Poland, leading to the Polish surrender of the Ukraine.

1813 - The US Navy gains its motto as the mortally wounded commander of the frigate Chesapeake, Captain James Lawrence, said, "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.

1857 - Britain's Royal Navy destroys Chinese fleet in China Sea in the Second Opium War.

1869 - New Spanish Constitution is promulgated, continuing the monarchy but allowing universal male suffrage and freedom of religion.

1936 - After a war of conquest, Ethiopia is annexed by Benito Mussolini's Italy.

1943 - A civilian flight from Lisbon to London is shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.

1945 - Sukarno, leader of the Indonesian independence movement, gives a speech defining the Pantjasila, or Five Principles of Indonesian nationhood, for the first time.

1958 - Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.

1967 - The Beatles release their landmark album, Sgt Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.

1968 - Author-lecturer Helen Keller, who earned a college degree despite being blind and deaf most of her life, dies in Westport, Connecticut.

1973 - The Greek military regime abolishes the monarchy.

1976 - Syrian forces invade Lebanon and capture Christian and Muslim positions, advancing on Beirut in attempt to halt 14-month civil war.

1980 - CNN, the Cable News Network, makes its debut in the United States.

1987 - Lebanon's Prime Minister Rashid Karami is killed when a time bomb planted in an attache case explodes in his lap aboard a helicopter.

1990 - US President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev sign a pact to cut nuclear missiles and chemical weapons stockpiles.

1992 - Ecologists, diplomats and native people from around the world gather in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, for the 12-day Earth Summit.

1994 - South Africa rejoins the British Commonwealth, 33 years after leaving over apartheid.

1996 - Russia announces that the ruble, whose value had been strictly controlled by the Kremlin since the 1920s, will trade freely.

1997 - Betty Shabazz, the widow of Malcolm X, is fatally burned in a fire set off by her 12-year-old grandson in her Yonkers, New York, apartment.

1998 - Fleeing fierce fighting and persecution by Serbs in Kosovo, 2 000 ethnic Albanian refugees reach Albania.

1999 - Nato jets attacking Kosovo fire into neighbouring Albania, hitting government bunkers, injuring a refugee and narrowly missing a group of foreign journalists.

2000 - A UN tribunal for Rwanda's 1994 genocide sentences a Belgian-born radio journalist to 12 years in prison for broadcasts that encouraged the slaughter.

2001 - Nepal's crown prince Dipendra shoots and kills his parents, King Birendra and Queen Aiswarya, and six other royal family members before shooting himself; Nkosi Johnson, who made a great impact on public perceptions of the HIV/Aids, dies at age 12.

2002- Queen Elizabeth II opens Buckingham Palace to 12 000 guests for a four-day national party in celebration of her 50 years on the throne.

2003 - Engineers close most of the sluice gates of the Three Gorges Dam on China's Yangtze River in the central province of Hubei, thereby beginning the process of filling a reservoir behind the dam.

2004 - Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, a Sunni Muslim critic of the occupation, is named as Iraq's new president. Al-Yawer is the choice of the US-picked Iraqi Governing Council, which dissolved itself immediately so that the new government can start work even before it takes power from the American-led coalition at the end of the month.

2005 - Gunmen kill a French diplomat as he drives through Haiti's capital, amid growing insecurity in the hemisphere's poorest country.

2006 - The US Army Corps of Engineers takes responsibility for the flooding of New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, saying the levees failed because they were built in a disjointed fashion using outdated data.

2007 - Lebanese tanks and armoured vehicles battle their way into the outer neighbourhoods of a Palestinian refugee camp in some of the heaviest fighting since violence broke out between the military and al-Qaeda-inspired militants nearly two weeks ago.

2008 - Australia pulls its combat soldiers from Iraq, fulfilling an election promise that helped sweep Prime Minister Kevin Rudd to power in November.

2009 - An Air France jet carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris runs into a towering wall of thunderstorms and disappears over the Atlantic Ocean.

Today's Birthdays:
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (1804-1857); John Masefield, English poet (1878-1967); Brigham Young, US Mormon leader (1801-1877); Marilyn Monroe, US actress (1926-1962); Colleen McCullough, Australian author (1937--); Morgan Freeman, US actor (1937--); Jason Donovan US actor (1968--); Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer (1974--); Heidi Klum, model and TV host (1973--); Jonathan Pryce, Welsh actor (1947--).

Thought For Today:
Peace without justice is tyranny - Allen White, American writer and newspaper editor (1868-1944).

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
0 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

 
/Sport

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.