On this day - June 14

2011-06-14 07:36
Today is Tuesday, June 14, the 165th day of 2011. There are 200 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1497 - Juan Borgia, the son of pope Alexander VI, is murdered, allegedly by his power-hungry brother Cesare.

1645 - Parliamentarian New Model Army under Oliver Cromwell routs Royalists at Naseby in England, deciding the Civil War.

1898 - Anglo-French Convention defines boundaries in Nigeria and Gold Coast.

1923 - Aleksandur Stamboliysky, popular Bulgarian political leader, is assassinated after a military coup.

1940 - German forces occupy Paris.

1941 - US President Franklin D Roosevelt orders freezing of German and Italian assets in United States.

1949 - Vietnamese state is established at Saigon under former emperor Bao Dai.

1959 - United States agrees to provide Greece with nuclear information and supply ballistic rockets.

1962 - European Space Research Organization is established in Paris.

1967 - US Mariner spacecraft is launched toward Venus to discover if the planet can support life.

1975 - Soviet Union launches its second spacecraft in six days toward Venus for October rendezvous designed to land one or two capsules on planet.

1980 - United States rejects European call for participation of Palestine Liberation Organisation in Middle East peace talks.

1982 - Argentine forces on the Falkland Islands surrender to the British, ending a 10-week war.

1987 - Pope John Paul II ends weeklong pilgrimage to his native Poland with stern lecture about human rights to nation's Communist leadership.

1991 - US soldiers begin withdrawing from Dohuk in northern Iraq.

1992 - Serbs allegedly pile Bosnian prisoners into a bus near Sarajevo and then fire on it with anti-tank weapons and small arms, killing 47.

1993 - Prince Norodom Sihanouk is reinstated as Cambodian head of state.

1993 - Tansu Ciller becomes Turkey's first female prime minister after being elected leader of the centre-right True Path Party.

1994 - Iraq's trade minister warns that farmers who do not sell their grain harvests to the state will have their hands cut off.

1995 - Chechen rebels take 1 500 hostages and seize government buildings in a well-planned attack on Budyonnovsk, a southern Russia town. At least 95 are killed in the raid.

1997 - Pol Pot is reported in Cambodia to be fleeing from the Khmer Rouge guerrillas he once commanded.

1999 - Nato peacekeepers in Kosovo discover the first mass grave, believed to contain 81 bodies, as Serb troops withdraw leaving the houses of ethnic Albanians in flames.

2000 - In the biggest step toward peace since the end of the war, the leaders of North and South Korea sign an agreement to work for reconciliation and reunification.

2001 - Yugoslavia approves Slobodan Milosevic's extradition to The Hague, Netherlands, to face trial before a UN tribunal for crimes against humanity and war crimes in the Kosovo conflict between 1998-99. 800 000 ethnic Albanians were driven out by Serb forces.

2002 - A car bomb explodes outside the US consulate in the city of Karachi, Pakistan, killing 12 people and wounding more than 50 others.

2003 - East Timor approves a $1.5bn natural gas development plan for a pipeline to be built. It will be the largest source of income for impoverished East Timor.

2004 - A car bomb shatters a convoy carrying Westerners in central Baghdad, killing at least 12, including three General Electric employees, and wounding at least 60.

2005 - President Thabo Mbeki fires his deputy and heir apparent Jacob Zuma who was implicated in a corruption scandal, throwing open the question of who will become the next leader of South Africa when Mbeki steps down in 2009.

2006 - More than 1 000 Indonesian villagers are forced to flee Mount Merapi's slopes after searing hot gas and debris erupts from the volcano.

2007 - Hamas fighters take over two security command centres and vanquish the rival Fatah's movement in the Gaza Strip, prompting beleaguered Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to dissolve the Hamas-Fatah unity government.

2008 - More than 600 prisoners escape during a brazen Taliban bomb and rocket attack on the main prison in southern Afghanistan that knocked down the front gate and demolished a prison floor. At least nine police are killed.

2009 - Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu endorses a Palestinian state beside Israel, reversing himself in the face of US pressure but attaching conditions such as demilitarisation that Palestinians swiftly reject.

Today's Birthdays:
Harriet Beecher Stowe, US writer (1811-1896); John Bartlett, English writer/editor of "Familiar Quotations" (1820-1905); Gene Barry, US actor (1923--); Ernesto "Che" Guevara, Argentine-born revolutionary (1928-1967); Jerzy Kosinski, Polish-born writer (1933-1991); Donald Trump, US businessman/TV personality (1946--); Boy George, British pop singer (1961--); Yasmine Bleeth, US actress (1968--); Steffi Graf, German tennis champion (1969--).

Thought For Today:
Initiative is doing the right thing without being told – Victor Hugo, French writer (1802-1885).

- Sapa-AP

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