On this day - June 3

2011-06-03 07:33
Today is Friday, June 3, the 154th day of 2011. There are 211 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1621 - Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherland -covering parts of what is now New York and nearby states.

1818 - The British annex the territories of the Marathas, completing British supremacy in India.

1896 - Treaty is signed in Moscow whereby China and Russia form defensive alliance for 15 years, and China grants Russia right to operate railway in northern Manchuria.

1917 - Albanian independence under Italian protection is proclaimed.

1937 - Britain's Duke of Windsor, formerly Edward VIII, marries American Wallis Simpson in France after abdicating the throne in December.

1942 - Japanese planes raid Dutch Harbour, Alaska, in World War II.

1959 - Singapore introduces self-government.

1963 - Pope John XXIII dies at age 81, ending a papacy marked by innovative reforms in the Roman Catholic Church. He is succeeded by Pope Paul VI.

1965 - Astronaut Edward White becomes the first American to "walk" in space, during the flight of Gemini 4.

1966 - Malaysia and the Philippines normalise diplomatic relations soured over the formation of the Malaya federation.

1968 - Pop artist Andy Warhol is shot and critically wounded in his New York film studio, known as The Factory, by Valerie Solanas, an actress and self-styled feminist.

1969 - Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne collides with the US destroyer Harold E Evans, resulting in the deaths of 74 Americans.

1973 - Soviet supersonic airliner crashes during international air show near Paris, killing the six crewmen and seven French villagers.

1976 - Bolivia's former President Juan Jose Torres is found murdered in Argentina.

1981 - Pope John Paul II leaves a Rome hospital and returns to the Vatican three weeks after an attempt on his life.

1984 - Punjab comes under virtual martial law as troops seal off India's troubled state and prepare to flush out Sikh terrorists from the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

1989 - Chinese troops storm Tiananmen Square, killing hundreds of pro-democracy demonstrators.

1993 - A British oil tanker collides in thick fog with a Panamanian cargo ship and bursts into flames, killing seven and spewing tons of burning gasoline into the North Sea.

1995 - European and Nato defence ministers agree to form a rapid deployment force in Bosnia to bolster UN troops against attacks by Serb fighters.

1997 - Socialist Party leader Lionel Jospin becomes prime minister of France and enters into talks with the Communists about forming a coalition government.

1999 - President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia caves in to Western demands to accept allied troops in Kosovo, withdraw his forces and reverse mass expulsions of ethnic Albanians.

2000 - Archaeologists announce they have found the 2 500-year-old ruins of three Pharaonic cities in the Mediterranean seabed that were previously known only through Greek tragedies, travelogues and legends.

2001 - World Bank economist Alejandro Toledo wins Peru's presidential election. Peru had been troubled by a four-year recession, increasing unemployment and large-scale government corruption.

2002 - Canadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien fires Finance Minister Paul Martin, the acknowledged front-runner to eventually succeed him. Martin was credited with the country's economic rebound in the 1990s.

2003 - The British House of Commons launches an inquiry into Britain's use of intelligence information to justify its participation in the US-led war against Iraq.

2004 - UN troops open fire upon rampaging mobs, killing two people, as the capture of a city in eastern Congo sparks the largest and most violent protests since before the country's devastating 1998-2002 war.

2005 - A Belfast man is charged with murder in the knifing of a Catholic man outside a pub earlier in the year, the first breakthrough in an Irish Republican Army-linked case that had overshadowed Northern Ireland's peace process.

2006 - Montenegro's parliament declares independence, splitting from Serbia and dissolving what is left of the former Yugoslavia.

2007 - A new account set up to bypass an international boycott of Hamas begins disbursing vital foreign aid to the Palestinians, with tens of millions of dollars allocated to partially pay the salaries of civil servants.

2008 - Chinese police in Dujiangyan in southwest China drag away more than 100 parents protesting the deaths of their children in poorly constructed schools that collapsed in an earthquake the previous month.

2009 - President Barack Obama consults with Saudi King Abdullah on a mission to the Middle East to open a new chapter on Islam and the West and ease long-held grievances against the US.

Today's Birthdays:
Henry James, US philosopher (1811-1882); Sir William F Petrie, English archaeologist (1853-1942); Josephine Baker, US dancer (1906-1975); Alain Resnais, French director (1922--); Colleen Dewhurst, US actress (1924-1991); Allen Ginsberg, US poet (1926-1997); Tony Curtis, US actor (1925--); Larry McMurtry, US author (1936--); Anderson Cooper, US television news anchor (1967--).

Thought For Today:
What is history but a fable agreed upon? - attributed to Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821).

Sapa-AP

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