On this day - October 25

2011-10-25 07:09
Today is Tuesday, October 25, the 298th day of 2011. There are 67 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1415 - The English defeat a vastly greater French force at the Battle of Agincourt.

1586 - Mary Queen of Scots, the focus of Catholic plots on the throne of England, is sentenced to death.

1616 - Dutch mariner Dirk Hartog discovers Australia.

1760 - Britain's King George III succeeds his late grandfather, George II.

1794 - Russia withdraws from war against France.

1812 - The US frigate United States captures the British vessel Macedonian during the War of 1812.

1815 - Serb rebellion against Turkish rule begins, resulting in considerable autonomy for Serbs.

1854 - The British Light Brigade charges heroically near Sevastopol, Russia, during Crimean War.

1874 - Britain annexes Fiji islands.

1900 - Transvaal is annexed formally by Britain at Pretoria, South Africa.

1909 - Murder of Japan's Prince I to by Korean fanatics leads to Japanese dictatorship in Korea.

1918 - The Canadian steamship Princess Sophia founders off the coast of Alaska; nearly 400 people perish.

1922 - Fascists march on Rome and the Italian king nominates Benito Mussolini as prime minister.

1936 - Germany and Italy form Rome-Berlin Axis.

1938 - Japanese troops take Hankow, and Chinese government establishes itself at Chungking; Libya is declared part of Italy.

1941 - Germany's first offensive against Moscow in World War II fails.

1956 - Egypt, Jordan and Syria form a unified military command.

1962 - US ambassador Adlai E Stevenson presents photographic evidence of Soviet missile bases in Cuba to the UN Security Council.

1966 - Indonesia's former Foreign Minister Subandrio is sentenced to death after right-wing military generals Suharto and Nasution stage a coup and wrest power from Sukarno.

1971 - The UN General Assembly votes to admit mainland China and expel Taiwan.

1983 - US Marines and Rangers, assisted by soldiers from six Caribbean nations, invade Grenada at the order of US President Ronald Reagan, who says the action is needed to protect US citizens there.

1989 - Soviet State Bank announces the ruble will be devalued by nearly 90% for visiting foreigners.

1990 - Lebanese President Elias Hrawi consolidates control over Beirut by ordering the departure of sectarian militias from the previously divided capital.

1991 - About 90 anti-apartheid movements, claiming to represent more than 15 million South Africans, establish a "patriotic united front" to press for black majority rule.

1995 - Israeli troops start pulling out from Jenin on the West Bank, the first city to be handed over under the Israel-Palestine Liberation Organisation autonomy agreement.

1996 - The fundamentalist Islamic Taliban militia claim to capture another Afghanistan province, their first advance since seizing the capital, Kabul, a month earlier.

1997 - Ten days after a Tamil rebel truck bomb devastates Colombo's business district, Sri Lankan police arrest hundreds of Tamils in a sweep that shuts down the capital.

1998 - Two days after a peace accord with the Israelis, street battles rage in the West Bank between members of Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat's political faction and Palestinian security forces.

2001 - The US House of Representatives approves legislation that will give law enforcement and intelligence agencies broader powers to investigate suspected terrorists.

2003 - Russia's Federal Security Service arrests billionaire Mikhail Khodorkovsky, chief executive officer of top-ranked Russian oil conglomerate OAO Yukos. The arrest spurs a sharp drop in the Russian stock market as investors anticipate a crackdown on private business interests.

2004 - Several hundred tons of conventional explosives are missing from a former Iraqi military facility that once played a key role in Saddam Hussein's efforts to build a nuclear bomb, the UN nuclear agency confirms.

2005 - Election officials in Baghdad announce that Iraq's landmark constitution has been adopted by a majority of voters during the country's referendum. Results show that Sunni Arabs, who had sharply opposed the draft document, failed to produce enough "no" votes to defeat it.

2006 - The Australian government pledges funding for two projects as part of its new strategy to combat global warming, including the construction of the world's largest solar power plant.

2007 - Four Chadian rebel groups sign a final peace agreement with their government. The parties agree to an immediate cease-fire, amnesty for civil and military personnel and the release of all detainees from both sides of the four-year conflict in Sudan's Darfur region.

2008 - Egypt's first female marriage registrar starts work despite complaints by some conservative clerics that the move is against Islam.

2009 - A pair of suicide car bombings devastate the heart of Iraq's capital, killing at least 147 people in the country's deadliest attack in more than two years. The bombs call into question Iraq's ability to protect its people as US forces withdraw.

2010 - Afghan President Hamid Karzai acknowledges that he receives millions of dollars in cash from Iran, adding that Washington gives him "bags of money" too because his office lacks funds.

Today's Birthdays:
Thomas B Macauley, British historian (1800-1859); Georges Bizet, French composer (1838-1875); Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter and sculptor (1881-1973); Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd, American polar explorer (1888-1957); Former King Michael of Romania (1921--); Julian Schnabel, director (1951--).

Thought for Today:
It is an undoubted truth that the less one has to do, the less time one finds to do it in - Lord Chesterfield, English author and statesman (1694-1773).

- Sapa-AP

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