Big Boeing flies
Everett - Boeing Co's giant 747-8 freighter - the biggest plane the company has ever built - successfully completed its first flight on Monday, a year later than originally planned.
The huge plane took off from Everett's Paine Field at 12:39 PST (20:39 GMT) after a weather delay. It returned to Paine at 16:18 (00:18 GMT).
Hundreds of employees and other airplane fans gathered to watch the plane take to the air. The flight came just one day short of the 41st anniversary of the first flight of the original 747 model.
At 76 metres long - more than twice the length of the Wright Brothers' first flight - the plane is about 5.5 metres longer than the existing 747-400 jumbo jet. The company conducted taxi tests on the freighter on Saturday, with the aircraft performing well, Boeing said.
Boeing also is developing a passenger version of the plane. It lists 76 orders for the freighter and 32 for the 747-8 passenger jet, with the vast majority from international customers.
The company said the jets will be much quieter, more fuel efficient and have lower emissions than current 747-400 models.
Boeing launched the freighter programme on November 14 2005, with firm orders for 10 planes from Cargolux of Luxembourg and eight from Nippon Cargo Airlines of Japan. The jet has a list price of more than $301m, though airlines commonly negotiate discounts.
After completing the test programme, the first freighter will be refitted and delivered to Cargolux.
The freighter version is to enter service late this year. The first delivery was to have been in late 2009 and the first passenger version in late 2010, but Boeing pushed back the dates due to design changes, limited engineering resources and an eight-week strike that shut down factories.
Boeing's European rival Airbus had planned a freighter version of the Airbus A380, the world's largest passenger jet.
However, that programme was put on hold in 2007 after FedEx Corp and UPS Inc cancelled their orders, leaving Airbus with an empty order book for the cargo plane. The A380 airliner made its first flight in April 2005 and went into service in October 2007.
The 747-8 freighter and passenger jets are much smaller than the A380, which Boeing said is an advantage. It said its planes will cost less to operate and will be able to serve more markets.
The 747-8 passenger version will carry up to 467 people in three classes, with a range of just under 11 000km Boeing said assembly of that plane is to begin around mid-2010, with the first delivery in the fourth quarter of 2011.
The company also is conducting the flight test programme for its new 787 passenger jet, which made its first flight in December, more than two years behind schedule.