News24

Curiosity zaps first Mars rock

2012-08-20 08:00

Los Angeles - The Mars rover Curiosity zapped its first rock on Sunday with a high-powered laser gun designed to analyse Martian mineral content, and scientists declared their target practice a success.

The robotic science lab aimed its laser beam at the fist-sized stone nearby and shot the rock with 30 pulses over a 10-second period, Nasa said in a statement issued from mission control at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory near Los Angeles.

Each pulse delivers more than one million watts of energy for about five one-billionths of a second, vaporising a pinhead-sized bit of the rock to create a tiny spark, which is analysed by a small telescope mounted on the instrument.

The ionized glow, which can be observed and recorded from up to 7m away, is then split into its component wavelengths by three spectrometers that give scientists information about the chemical makeup of the target rock.

The combined system, called the Chemistry-and-Camera instrument, or ChemCam, is capable of discerning more than 6 000 different wavelengths in the ultraviolet, infrared and visible light spectrum and is designed to take about 14 000 measurements throughout Curiosity's Mars mission.

Primary target

The purpose of Sunday's initial use of the laser, conducted at roughly 11:00 GMT, was as "target practice" for the instrument. But scientists will examine the data they receive to determine composition of the rock, which they dubbed "Coronation", Nasa said.

"We got a great spectrum of Coronation - lots of signal," said ChemCam principal investigator Roger Wiens of the Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, where the instrument was developed. "After eight years of building the instrument, it's payoff time."

Curiosity, a one-ton, six-wheeled vehicle the size of a compact car, landed inside a vast, ancient impact crater near Mars' equator on 6 August after an eight-month, 570 million kilometre voyage through space. Its two-year mission is aimed at determining whether or not the planet most like Earth could have hosted microbial life.

The rover's primary target is Mount Sharp, a towering mound of layered rock rising from the floor of Gale Crater. But mission controllers are gradually checking out Curiosity's sophisticated array of instruments before sending it on its first road trip across the Martian landscape.

The $2.5bn Curiosity project marks Nasa's first astrobiology mission since the Viking probes to Mars during the 1970s and the most advanced robotic science lab sent to another world.

The technique employed by ChemCam has been used to examine the composition of materials in other extreme environments, such as inside nuclear reactors and on the sea floor.

The technology also has experimental applications in environmental monitoring and cancer detection. But Sunday's exercise, conducted during Curiosity's 13th full day on Mars, was the first use in interplanetary exploration, Nasa said.

Before Curiosity embarks on its 7km trek to the foot of Mount Sharp, a journey that could take six months, mission controllers plan to send it out on a shorter jaunt to a spot 500m from its landing site.

Comments
  • henri.lombard - 2012-08-20 08:09

    Gee wizz Nasa, six months to do 7km`s, no man, get the ball rolling, we want to know things now !!!!

      zaatheist - 2012-08-20 08:31

      We are going to have to be patient I guess. But it is marvellous and can't wait as each new discovery is reported.

      henri.lombard - 2012-08-20 08:56

      whats with the thumbs down? i`m just over excited for what we about to find out???

      zaatheist - 2012-08-20 09:20

      Geez, Zoolie No that is something to ponder. Perhaps it's the same conspiracy theorists to who deny the moon landing?

      sonja.erdmann - 2012-08-20 12:00

      Send out a South African Taxi!

      sticky.toffee - 2012-08-20 12:02

      Maybe they taking the scenic route :) Wonder if there are any tolls.

      jono.qmann - 2012-08-20 14:13

      speedlimit...ghost cops in the area! cant take the risk!

      fourhundredkg.bobbejaan - 2012-08-20 16:05

      Pigspotter is sending out the early updates.

      BulletProof. - 2012-08-20 17:48

      Don't worry I just got a lot of thumbs down in another article because I sugest that the bykers should drive at 120 km.May be we should send them to Mars.LoL

      mihaip007 - 2012-08-21 01:47

      lol, in martian terms i think they are low-flying - they should get a speeding ticket hahahaha. Shame can't wait to see what they discover!

  • Quantronium - 2012-08-20 11:51

    Need for speed: martian drift

  • peter.j.cock - 2012-08-20 12:08

    Have to be careful of the spoedkops and speed bumps. Even NASA does not know what the speed limit is on Mars

  • pwcrook - 2012-08-20 12:33

    Not sure if this is correct, but makes sense if you do the maths. The 14 minute delay would mean that they would only travel small distances. 6 months = 259200min; 7km = 700000cm; Time delay = 14min ave speed = 700000/259200 = 2.7cm/min Distance covered between time Delays = 2.7cm * 14 = 37.8 cm

      sticky.toffee - 2012-08-20 12:37

      Ok pwcrook, I think you just got a bit too much time on your hands.

      mbonyathi - 2012-08-20 15:35

      love it!! a snail is way faster than that...and besides seems the margin of error is very low, u will have 14min and or at least 38 cm to correct the mistake

  • walter.lebza - 2012-08-21 00:34

    They are buisy building another, version 1.1 of this vehicle which can travel 7km in 5 and half months, Just For the sake of getting another 2 billion dollars from obama's taxpayers. In return they'll give you pictures and fairy tales. They'll keep updating their models to become faster (but whenever they are broke). Thats the strategy which IT people use on softwares and PC games. It moves 1cm in 1 day, In this day and age where we have fast as lightning electric powered engines.

  • stephen.scott.376043 - 2012-09-10 16:14

    When its mission is finished the results will be the same as before, inconclusive. Don't get to excited.

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