God particle announcement soon

2012-07-02 14:51
Scientists at Cern are poised to make an announcement on the elusive 'God particle'. (Martial Trezzini, AP)

Scientists at Cern are poised to make an announcement on the elusive 'God particle'. (Martial Trezzini, AP)

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Geneva - An imminent announcement on the so-called "God particle" is expected when scientists at European Organisation for Nuclear Research (Cern) meet on Wednesday.

Management at the Cern particle physics research centre expect a ‘five sigma’ level of certainty before announcing the discovery of the ‘God particle’ at a press conference on Wednesday.

Reuters reports that a ‘five sigma’ certainty is required to be sure that there is less than one in a million chance that the results are a fluke.

Two research teams, Atlas and CMS, are working independently to identify the "God particle", also called the Higgs boson.

The Guardian reports that last year Atlas identified a 2.9 sigma bump in its data while CMS obtained a 3.1 sigma Higgs.

Many physicists regard the Higgs boson as one of the keys to understanding the universe.

The identification of the Higgs boson depends on the existence of Higgs field. This is an energy field which exists throughout the universe.

The smallest component of the Higgs field is the Higgs boson and it is this ‘particle’ which interacts with other particles in the universe to give them mass.

With the use of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Cern, physicists recreate conditions just after the Big Bang by colliding two beams head-on at very high energies.

The collisions produce particles which are analysed using special detectors. As yet, no one has observed the Higgs boson to confirm the theory.

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