November birthstones

2015-11-25 06:23
 Topaz occurs in a range of magnificent colours - blue, pale green, varying shades of yellow, pink, red, brown and even black.

Topaz occurs in a range of magnificent colours - blue, pale green, varying shades of yellow, pink, red, brown and even black.

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NOVEMBER has two birthstones - topaz and citrine. Topaz comes from a Sanskrit word meaning "fire". In ancient lore, the topaz was said to have the power to cool boiling water, as well as excessive anger. As medication, topaz was used to cure fever.

Topaz occurs in a range of magnificent colours - blue, pale green, varying shades of yellow, pink, red, brown and even black.

The biggest uncut stone, a specimen found in Brazil weighing almost 600 pounds (272,155 kgs), is on display at the American Museum­ of Natural History in New York.

This gem, with its lively fire, clarity, beautiful colors and hardness is ideal for jewelry. Pure topaz, when brilliantly cut, can be often mistaken for a diamond. The most valued and rarest colour is red.

During the Middle Ages, the topaz was worn mostly by royalty and clergy. A 13th century belief was that a topaz engraved with a falcon helped its wearer cultivate the goodwill of kings and princes.

It was also said to strengthen the mind, increase wisdom, prevent mental disorders and to guard against sudden death. Powdered topaz added to wine was used to prevent asthma and insomnia.

A cure for weak vision was to immerse the stone in wine for three days and nights, then rub the liquid on the eyes.

Citrine is known as the "healing quartz" and is one of the most popular gemstones around but as natural citrine is fairly rare other quartz gems are heat treated to obtain the popular golden colour.

This golden gemstone is said to support vitality and health while encouraging hope, energy and warmth within the wearer. It is known as the "success" stone as it is said to promote prosperity in business - merchants used to keep a citrine stone with their cash for good fortune. It was also said to relieve depression, self doubt and irrational mood swings.

Physically, if worn next to the targeted area it was said to be beneficial for digestion, stomach problems and sleep disorders.

It is the official 13th wedding anniversary stone.

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