World Diabetes Day

2015-11-25 06:23

ONE in 12 people throughout the world have diabetes – in South Africa it is estimated that more than four million live with diabetes, but almost half remain undiagnosed and therefore vulnerable to serious complications later in their lives.

The theme of World Diabetes day, which is held annually on 14 November, was to highlight healthy eating as a key factor in the fight against diabetes.

Undiagnosed or poorly managed diabetes leads to serious complications which include heart attacks, stroke, kidney disease, eye disease and blindness, nerve disease, skin ulcers and limb amputations.

Unless the blood sugar glucose levels are severely abnormal, diabetes initially may have no symptoms and will not be diagnosed until blood glucose is measured or the diabetes-specific complications ensue. It is known as the silent disease.

Specific “classic” symptoms of high blood glucose (in later uncontrolled diabetes) include frequent urination, extreme thirst and a dry mouth, extreme fatigue, constant hunger and sudden weight loss. Additionally, non-specific symptoms including slow-healing wounds, recurrent infections and blurred vision may also be found.

The most common form of diabetes is Type 2 which is often referred to as a condition of lifestyle, as it is frequently associated with poor nutrition, physical inactivity, overweight and obesity.

Other factors that increase the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes include advancing age and a family history of diabetes. The number of people with Type 2 diabetes is growing rapidly worldwide. This rise is associated with economic development, ageing populations, increasing urbanisation, dietary changes, reduced physical activity, and changes in other lifestyle patterns.

In contrast to people with Type 1 diabetes, the majority of Type 2 diabetes initially do not require daily doses of insulin to survive.

Many people are able to manage their condition by making healthier food choices, eating less and increasing physical activity and losing weight (if applicable), together with appropriate oral medication. It is thus a chronic condition with all the attendant medical, psychosocial and sociological challenges.

Early diagnosis of diabetes is essential to prevent long-term complications. Screening for diabetes is simple and involves a simple finger-prick blood test that gives an immediate result. This test is offered at doctor’s rooms, clinics and many pharmacies. If the screening test suggests the presence of diabetes, a more formal laboratory blood test is required.

In those at risk, simple lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. These include healthy eating choices, increasing physical activity and, if you are overweight, losing weight. It is also important to stop smoking and to limit the consumption of alcohol.

- Bespoke Communications.

-

Unless the blood sugar glucose levels are severely abnormal, diabetes initially may have no symptoms and will not be diagnosed until blood glucose is measured or the diabetes-specific complications
ensue. It is known as the silent disease

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.

Inside News24

 
PARTNER CONTENT
INFOGRAPHIC: New thinking required for retirement

Everything we believe about retirement is fast becoming outdated.

PARTNER CONTENT
WATCH: How education can change a life

A university education gives students the chance to create a better future for themselves, their families and to opportunity achieve their dreams.

/News

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.