Springs for rural areas

2015-12-03 06:00

THE Ugu District Municipality is in the second year of the Springs Protection Programme, which rural areas in all six of its municipalities will benefit from.

Spokesperson, France Zama, said various­ contractors were appointed through a competitive bidding process and have been carrying out work as specified by the municipality to ensure this programme is a success and produces the desired results.

“As this is a project for the entire district, the municipality awarded the work to contractors in this area of expertise,” he said.

Ugu received funding from the Department of Water and Sanitation to the tune of R1.5 million.

“The contract is a two-year contract and is in the second year of service,” added Zama.

The overall objective of the programme is to improve the quality of life, including health and hygiene, and contribute to poverty­ eradication in poor rural communities by providing basic water services.

Ugu failed to provide an answer as to how these springs are actually built, but the Fever researched this to get an idea.

According to a contractor, who completed the same programme in two other municipalities, a spring catchment structure had to be built.

This mainly depends on the topographical situation, the nature of the ground (including the aquifer) and the type and characteristics of the source itself.

These structures then have to be protected against the spring’s pollution from any source as well as the distribution facilities used to convey the water.

These boxes and/or protective structures have to be sealed off.

The free flow of the water away from the spring must always be guaranteed. It is important that the design and the direction of construction works, to build appropriate spring boxes, be the responsibility of experienced technical personnel.

If the area around a spring intake is unstable or exposed to erosion, gabions or dry stone masonry can be used to stabilise the area. A fence is used to protect animals from damaging spring boxes, taps and ultimately contaminating water.

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