Diabetic retinopathy advertorial

2015-04-30 15:12
Photo: supplied
A complete opthalmic examination is important in the assessment of diabetic retinopathy.

Photo: supplied A complete opthalmic examination is important in the assessment of diabetic retinopathy.

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DIABETIC Retinopathy is a complication of Diabetes Mellitus in which the blood sugar is elevated causing deterioration of the blood vessels of the retina.

As these blood vessels breakdown, it results in leakage of fluid into the centre of the retina (maculaedema) or abnormal vessels that grow on the surface of the retina (neovascularization) which can pull the retina off or cause bleeding and scarring.

This can result in the loss of central and peripheral vision.

The longer someone has Diabetes Mellitus, the more likely they will develop diabetic retinopathy. Keeping blood glucose levels down to as normal as possible reduces the severity of diabetic retinopathy.

Symptoms include gradual, progressive blurring of vision, sudden vision loss, floaters or fluctuating vision. It is important to recognise that people with advanced disease may not have any visual changes.

It is important and mandatory that people with diabetes mellitus have their eyes examined at least once a year.

A complete opthalmic examination is important in the assessment of diabetic retinopathy and this include: vision testing,drops to dilate pupils and a complete examination of the front and back of the eye.

Treatment modalitis include laser, intravitreal injections and surgery. People who maintain healthy, active lifestyles and who optimise their blood sugar control, have the best chances of slowing progression of diabetic retinopathy and preserving good vision.

It is very important that people with diabetes mellitus undergo at least an annual eye exam whether or not they have any vision symptoms.

For more information, contact Dr L Naidoo from the Tongaat Eye Centre on 032 945 0007

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