Man on man sex: Durban HIV rate highest

2014-11-11 18:47

(Shutterstock)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Johannesburg - Men who have sex with men have a high prevalence of HIV, with Durban having the most men testing positive for the virus compared to Johannesburg and Cape Town, a study has found.

"In Durban, the prevalence was unusually high among respondents at 48.2%, in Cape Town, the overall prevalence was 22.3%. Johannesburg was at 26.8%," the researchers at the Human Sciences Research Council said.

The study, called the Marang Men's Project, was conducted from 2012 to 2013 in Johannesburg, Cape Town, and Durban among 925 men who have sex with men (MSM).

The term "men who have sex with men" (MSM) refers to "all biological males who have sex with other biological males, irrespective of the person’s sexual orientation and gender expression", the authors of the study pointed out.

In other words, MSM does not only refer to gay men, but also to bisexual men, some in stable heterosexual relationships.

Professor Thomas Rehle, one of the researchers, said the study confirmed that men who had sex with men faced a risk of being infected with HIV.

Unprotected anal intercourse put the men at increased risk of HIV infection.

"The findings provide much needed information to guide relevant policy development which may ultimately improve uptake of services among MSM," he said.

Concerning regular sex partnerships, more than 60% in the three cities reported having a regular male partner in the last six months.

In comparison, 16% of respondents in Cape Town, 2.8 in Durban, and 38.7 in Johannesburg reported having a regular female sex partner in the last six months.

In each of the three cities, more than half of all respondents reported that they had sex with three or more male partners in the last six months.

Alcohol and sex

The association between alcohol use before sex and HIV infection had been highlighted by various studies conducted among men and women in the general population, the researchers said.

"In this study, a few of the respondents [seven to 16%] in each of the three cities reported ‘always’ engaging in sexual intercourse after consuming alcohol."

Engaging in either selling or buying sex (transactional sex) is a risk for HIV infection, especially when condoms were not used correctly and consistently during sex.

"Over half of the respondents - 52.6% in Cape Town, 11.4 in Durban, and 23.1 in Johannesburg reported that they had ‘sold sex to men’ in the last six months."

According to the study, HIV is rampant in prisons because of the cramped single-sex living conditions and prolonged periods of being locked up in overcrowded cells, which are believed to promote casual or forced same sex sexual relations among men, mostly involving anal sex.

The researchers' recommendations included a comprehensive national HIV prevention programme for MSM that entailed targeted HIV prevention, care, treatment, and counselling services.

Another recommendation was the mainstreaming of HIV prevention messaging to address not only HIV prevention for gay men but also for men who did not necessarily identify themselves as openly gay, but also engaged in MSM behaviour.

Read more on:    health  |  hiv/aids

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
18 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

 
PARTNER CONTENT
INFOGRAPHIC: New thinking required for retirement

Everything we believe about retirement is fast becoming outdated.

PARTNER CONTENT
WATCH: How education can change a life

A university education gives students the chance to create a better future for themselves, their families and to opportunity achieve their dreams.

/News

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
Traffic
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.