News24

Most in SA happy with their democracy

2012-03-14 22:35

Johannesburg - An independent African think tank says six of every 10 South Africans are satisfied with their nation's style of democracy, but belief in an unrestricted media has dropped.

"Personal satisfaction" on the country's democracy rose from 49% in 2008 to 60% in 2011, according to a poll by the continent-wide Afrobarometer research group.

Afrobarometer said on Wednesday the results of the late 2011 poll are 95% accurate, with a 2% margin of error.

Ahead of proposed media curbs two decades after the end of apartheid era rule, pollsters reported a "substantial" shift in views on media freedoms.

This time around, 61% of people believed the media should publish without government control, compared to almost 80% in 2008.

Comments
  • Lacrimose - 2012-03-14 23:13

    'Independent' and 'Africa' do not necessarily go hand-in-hand. I'd like to see what access and use of information those polled had when this survey was taken. Judging by the daily protests, I would say there's a piece missing from this assessment

      roelofk - 2012-03-14 23:38

      Yeah, maybe 6/10 of those still left in SA!?

      Eugene - 2012-03-15 00:10

      being happy with and satisfied with are two different words. Meaning people, meaning.

      Nicholas.Spaggiari - 2012-03-15 01:56

      Now most people want gov control media? Shows you how easily brainwashed they are due to info bill campaigning...

      Michael - 2012-03-15 03:36

      @Lacrimose it does not mean that if you fall in the 40% you should discredit the survey. What if results were vice versa?

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:42

      Yeah - and this poll was commissioned by which "Spin Doctors"????

      Henri - 2012-03-15 07:54

      this is considered an achievement ???? wow only in africa

      Sharon - 2012-03-15 09:01

      I must be one of the four then..

      Sam - 2012-03-15 10:40

      Lacrimose: democracy is not the same as service delivery. Go look it up.

  • hcrouse - 2012-03-14 23:16

    "...independent African think tank." Is it just me or does this not sound quite right?

      johan.vanhoff - 2012-03-15 09:30

      I THINK THE ONLY ONES THAT ARE HAPPY WITH THIS "DEMOCRACY" IS THE ONES STEALING THIS COUNTRY BLIND.

      Grant - 2012-03-15 11:45

      Can somebody who works with statistics please explain this to me if I am missing something: 95% accurate with a 2% margin of error?

      tamzien - 2012-03-15 12:20

      Grant it is a fancy way to say; the results are regarded as being between 93% - 97% accurate.

  • Leonie - 2012-03-14 23:46

    I think you how ever wrote this article are mistaken. I don't think this country is running on democracy style rather on a communist style. The statistics that you have does not include the minority of this country. I am sure that the majority does not know what democracy is

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 07:35

      yes you are right leoni our country is being run by facist communist criminals whos main focus has always been on propeganda, now with the new bill that propeganda will just be much easyer to controll.... one of the variables they neglected to include is that 90% of this country are either anc suporters or mindless jujuvites.

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:49

      Well - let's expain a democracy ANC style for you then. My domestic lady tells me that in Kimberley at around election time, the ANC pitches up, chats to the people, gives them food parcels, gives them free taxi rides, and tells them to vote ANC. And then, as soon as polling day is gone, the ANC disapears until the next election. That is ANC democracy, and highlights how easily the ANC can buy votes from people who have little or no idea about what is happening in the country. It only takes a bag of mealie meal to make some people happy with their democracy.

      Jacqui - 2012-03-15 12:40

      This country is about as democratic as a hen house.

  • Wilma Crous - 2012-03-14 23:46

    Yeah you keep telling yourselves that ....... Happy?!? Seriously?? More like sitting ducks!!

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:56

      NEWS FLASH : Most people in Zim also happy with their Democracy.

  • - 2012-03-15 00:11

    The majority dont even know what democracy means!

      Juan - 2012-03-15 00:49

      Democracy means you must tick the ANC box?

      SarelJBotha - 2012-03-15 07:07

      Very few people know, nor do they know what the difference is between a democracy and a republic. If they did, they will never want a democracy.

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:43

      @SJ WTF? What is the dirrerence between a democracy and a republic then?

  • Geronimo - 2012-03-15 00:27

    Tripe.

  • sariena.robbertse - 2012-03-15 01:30

    This servey was taken in black townships.How the devil can they take hundred people and come to that?The dumb ones,yes they are the dumb ones.

      smohloli - 2012-03-15 07:21

      Nice calling people dumb when u cant spell, sUrvey, now look in the mirror and say that slowwwwwwwwwwwwwly..........S.....U....R....V...E...Y!!!

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 07:50

      Really! Dont you ever get tired of your racist attitude, cos I can assure you that it does not contribute positively towards sa. Keep up with the attitude and there will just be hate in sa. Undermining people based on their race and where they live will result in more racists in sa. So tired of this attitude!

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 07:52

      For your info I know a lot of people from townships that are very clever!

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 07:53

      nice mohloli... you know people on this forum always critisize my spelling when they have nothing of value to add or if they are in a corner. this isnt an english language test, it is a news forum where you are alowed to raise critisism. what if people started critisising you based on your mathematical skill? du dumm fitta, je ben een stomme jonge. fan du.lol now slowwwwwwwwwwwwwwly ....ik..... ..ben.... ...een... ..lul.... ..hooft...

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:58

      @Lindz whaaahaa .. so true!

      Twolips - 2012-03-15 08:35

      @ lindz.kok Hoofd!

      Cameron - 2012-03-15 08:52

      yup... last time I checked this is a forum NOT a spelling bee contest

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 08:54

      neem mij niet kwalijk, ik typ snel

      Sylvester Mohloli - 2012-03-15 10:30

      @Lindtz: if u gon call people dumb based on their race then u better be perfect and nt be telling ppl about sErveys, i hv bin corrected spellingwise by the english teacher's in ths forum, nt that i cared, and i actually find it irritating, sadly u missd my point, nw come on, forget about the mirror, ur panties r wet

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 10:49

      yes mohloli that is exactly what i have been doing blasting one specific race, i dont know how you see it fit to corect people if you yourself can not read! not once have i blasted any race. you bringing up the race isue shows just how racist you are. now wake up please!

      Sylvester Mohloli - 2012-03-15 12:16

      As a parting shot Lindtz, the original author labeled black people dumb and it is she i am referring to (calling people dumb when she cant even spell), hence i said clearly u missed my point, now in closure, i aint no racist, its a waste of energy and time, but the capability of being one is there (just like i'm sure u capable of being one), now lets stop ranting about nothing and agree to disagree on this, i believe she was wrong, u believe she is right calling black ppl dumb, coffee?

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 12:52

      okey on after a few reads i agrea you are right mohloli so i apoligise for my atack on you. and yes thank you i think i will go meke myself a cup :)

  • Gemma-Leigh Evans - 2012-03-15 04:20

    Of COURSE the majority are happy with our country's democracy!!! Who do you think keeps voting the ANC into power?! But let's be realistic, the majority are also uneducated and easy to manipulate. So just because the \majority\ are happy, doesn't make our government ideal. Furthermore, I know NO ONE who participated in said survey so how do they work out a 2% margin for error. Do the survey again, only this time include more than 4 educated people for every 6 uneducated people and while you're at it, how about involve millions instead of a teeny tiny couple of hundred. Bet then you'll see even some of the uneducated are smart enough to know that our country's democracy is fast turning out to be nothing more than a farce!!!

      Andrew - 2012-03-15 10:35

      Let me put in my cents worth. Do we have a true and modern democracy? In some respects the answer is yes. Remember way back in 1992/3 during negotiations with the former government a deal was hammered out on the way forward and at that time it was decided not go the British Westminster style nor the American system. The proportional representation system was the model chosen due mainly no balance was in place on a constituency basis. While this seemed fair at the time I would suggest it has become problematic in that members are chosen by the Senior party hierarchy. Do we now as citizens have a choice on who represents us in Government or do we have the right to elect our President, the answer is not really as the head of a political party is automatically made President and MP's are chosen by the party not the electorate. So do we have a true democracy?

      Gemma-Leigh Evans - 2012-03-15 10:44

      I hear what you're saying Andrew and you're 100% correct, in my opinion. However, we do vote for said party whilst knowing who our president will be...at least. That being said, corrupt parties find it so easy to manipulate the masses and many also vote according to peer pressure or out of habit...so, taking that into consideration, will we ever see the birth of TRUE unquestionable democracy?!

  • sophia.barnes3 - 2012-03-15 04:24

    http://www.afrobarometer.org/ This is the webpage of the organization that conducted the survey. IDASA (Institute for Democracy in SA) is a partner (Paul Graham - ED of IDASA). Going back into Western/Greek history, democracy really means that the plebeians/peasants decide. Whether you like it or not. Democracy is about the peoples' vote (One person/one vote) - regardless of whether you like it or not. Which is why whomever is in government has a massive responsibility.

      Dave - 2012-03-15 04:47

      sophia, that is correct and is food for thought. So if the majority are unproductive and educated people then it's fear to say we are ruled by such. That's where I have a problem with democracy. All over the world there are way less intelligent people opposed to stupid, but they have the vote. If you talk sense they won't understand thus will not vote for you, but it if dance around and promise them the world for free....you the man and will be voted for. In SA if a black politician talks sense he/she is brushed off and called the tea girl or the white man’s boy, but in reality they are trying their best to open people’s minds to see the true situation of running a successful country. I really pity those poor sods and respect them immensely for trying.

      Nkulekweni - 2012-03-15 09:37

      Sophie & Dave its always good to read comments from ppl who stick to the issue and not hurl racist comments without having a basic understanding of what is being reported. Why..someone actually bodly wrote that "I know no one who participated in said survey" and uses that as a basis of argument that the survey findings are false. Really! In a country of 51mill ppl? Such statements beggar belief. What can perhaps be questioned is the sampling method used. I have not read the study but I am willing to bet that they did not use stratified sampling. Had they done so they would have found some groups of South Africans more satisfied with SA democracy than others. Again, it is simplistic to conclude that it is just those with low levels of educatn that vote for the ANC. Most of ANC leadership and highly placed ANC cadres have higher education degrees. Their children will also most likely be well educated. Children of exiles had access to good education outside SA. Again a sizeable portion of the Black middle class (which is more than two centuries old) sent their children to good schools outside of South Africa during apartheid. Since the 80s Former model Cs and private schools have also produced groups of Black students who find it easier than other non-whites to access good tertiray education. Black is not equal to ill education and being well educated does not necessarily mean not voting for the ANC. However, it is true that the majority of ANC voters have low levels of eductn.

      Sam - 2012-03-15 10:46

      At last! A sensible comment, and with (so far) two thought-provoking responses. It is a real pity that the comments facility on news24 is consistenly rendered worthless by the knee-jerkers with their biased, bigoted, formulaic and eternally repeated drivel.

  • beryl.knipe - 2012-03-15 05:03

    The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.

  • beryl.knipe - 2012-03-15 05:04

    A government that robs Peter to pay Paul can always depend on the support of Paul.

      Alan - 2012-03-15 08:02

      Yeah mean - robs Peter to pay self...

  • raymond.kok3 - 2012-03-15 05:54

    I WOULD LIKE TO HAVE SOME OF WHAT YOU PEOPLE ARE SMOKING SA NEVER WAS NOR IS OR EVER WILL IT BE A DEMOCRACY UNDER THE ANC GET YOUR HEADS OUT OF THE SAND

      Michael - 2012-03-15 07:13

      @Ray "...never was nor is or ever will it be under the anc..." So do you suggest it was pre-anc?

      Alan - 2012-03-15 08:08

      Yeah - SA has never ever been a true democracy. It probably came closest to that during Mr Mandela's days. I think that now, SA is probably less of a democracy than it was under the NATS, and it surely was not a democracy under the NATS!

  • Johan - 2012-03-15 06:01

    An independent African think tank? The three words in the middle of the sentence cannot be used like this. I believe it was the author's way of telling the readers that they should not really believe what they read. It was just a something to fill the page

  • Silvana - 2012-03-15 06:02

    Yeah right! And my grandmother was a polar bear. This is about as bad as the recent"research" done stating that social grants don't encourage teenage pregnancies.

  • Beulah - 2012-03-15 06:19

    take the m out of masses and you have the answer to this survey

      Cameron - 2012-03-15 08:55

      hahahaha spot on

  • werner.smidt - 2012-03-15 06:49

    ROFL. Propaganda . . you're doing it wrong, because it's obvious.

      lindz.kok - 2012-03-15 08:18

      lol i agrea, epic fail... they shoult take lessons from the nazis and castapo.

      werner.smidt - 2012-03-15 08:22

      To be fair, I guess it'll work on the masses :-/

  • SarelJBotha - 2012-03-15 07:05

    I am sure that this figure is very misleading. If this survey was done under people who have at least matric and/or further education, the picture will be much different.

      Alan - 2012-03-15 08:10

      Stats are like Accounting - you can make anything look like what ever you want it to look like.

  • schencpa - 2012-03-15 07:17

    I would like to know how this survey was done, whom the target group for the survey was, how many respondents they had etc...

  • malcolm - 2012-03-15 07:17

    "African think tank". Probably the same think tank that reckons only 2% of road deaths are caused by minibus taxis. I wonder what their statistics pool looks like. All I know is I never get any African think tank knocking on my gate asking for my opinion. You probably find the African think tank consisted of ten people, and they used a dart board over a long extended pub lunch. Most importantly, who asked the African think tank to do the survey in the first place. Probably an ANC propoganda tool that was dreamed up just to waste more tax payers money.

  • Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 07:18

    6 of 10 who? They didn't ask me, nor anyone I know. I would be totally happy to live in a democracy; just a shame we don't have one.

  • Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 07:20

    "the results of the...poll are 95% accurate, with a 2% margin of error." So, what, they're only 93% accurate? You're saying that they're 7% INaccurate? Well that just fills me full of confidence.

  • kardollie - 2012-03-15 07:35

    they only do this in the black townships.they will be happy cause they are easy to manupilate.goverment stop hiding the truth.

  • Trevor - 2012-03-15 07:50

    You want the TRUE face of SA, just surf these forums where people say what they ACTUALLY feel....interesting and it shows that the ANC will always be in power no matter HOW corrupt nor HOW useless they are at "trying" to rule a country...

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 08:18

      @ trevor does that mean that this forum is representative of all people in sa.

      Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 09:09

      @Connie - Interesting point. But, no, *this* forum isn't. However, if you're multilingual (I'm not, but I've been told by people who are) and you read these forums for this same story but in different languages, you'll come up with - probably - a fairly good cross-section (albeit one biased by people that have access to the internet and can actually be bothered to post). These are the places where these polls should be taken.

  • Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 07:54

    Lmao people who commented say we are not living in a democracy are either dumb or don't understand the concept of democracy since you were given the opportunity to vote for your party of choice. Sour grapes! And by d way when a survey is done that's suppose to represent the SA population out of a hundred people around 20 will be white and seventy black and coloureds and indians will fill in d gap. So stop being overly self obsessed about how they didn't ask you

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 08:12

      Is it just me or does it seem as though there are a lot of racists in sa. Particularly those that will like a comment that is racist. I'm finding it harder and harder not to hate these days, cos it would just be so much easier to hate, but that would have me stoop down to their level and I wont do that to myself.

      Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 08:23

      True there are a lot of racist who comment here, I often wonder whether its the same people who often smile n have friendly conversations with us at work or at parties. I don't think hating is a solution as it traps you as a person while the next person goes on about their business.

      Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 08:23

      True there are a lot of racist who comment here, I often wonder whether its the same people who often smile n have friendly conversations with us at work or at parties. I don't think hating is a solution as it traps you as a person while the next person goes on about their business.

      Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 08:23

      True there are a lot of racist who comment here, I often wonder whether its the same people who often smile n have friendly conversations with us at work or at parties. I don't think hating is a solution as it traps you as a person while the next person goes on about their business.

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 08:37

      Thats very true, I think that some of them are the ones that smile in your face and others dont even bother looking at you. I once had a dinner party where one of my white male friend said that xhosa guys are dumb, only one of my white friends that was there actually told him that his statement was racist and wrong, the rest just shut up and(amongst 6 whites). I was so disappointed in his attitude and dont speak to him to this day. I've decided that I cant judge a race or a group of people based on a few people. When I look at a person I see a human being before everything else. As I said i'm not going to hate based on a few people.

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 08:38

      Thats very true, I think that some of them are the ones that smile in your face and others dont even bother looking at you. I once had a dinner party where one of my white male friend said that xhosa guys are dumb, only one of my white friends that was there actually told him that his statement was racist and wrong, the rest just shut up and(amongst 6 whites). I was so disappointed in his attitude and dont speak to him to this day. I've decided that I cant judge a race or a group of people based on a few people. When I look at a person I see a human being before everything else. As I said i'm not going to hate based on a few people.

      Consolata Connie Lodya - 2012-03-15 08:38

      Thats very true, I think that some of them are the ones that smile in your face and others dont even bother looking at you. I once had a dinner party where one of my white male friend said that black guys are dumb, only one of my white friends that was there actually told him that his statement was racist and wrong, the rest just shut up and(amongst 6 whites). I was so disappointed in his attitude and dont speak to him to this day. I've decided that I cant judge a race or a group of people based on a few people. When I look at a person I see a human being before everything else. As I said i'm not going to hate based on a few people.

      Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 09:12

      Modipi - we're all online, we can all check the strict definition of a word. SA doesn't have a representative democracy. It just doesn't. And I don't get to vote for my party; I'm not allowed to vote. That's why a census like this should be conducted with a wider population base than they apparently used.

      Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 09:25

      Jeffrey- how would a representative democracy look and function? Dude what do you mean you are only allowed to vote for your party, isn't that the basis of a democracy? While true democracy sounds good where everyone has a say in every matter in government its not practical as it would disable government from taking react quickly to a certain situation. Let's not think that our opinion is better than that of an uneducated person or a person living in the township because at the end of the day you are not the one living their lives.

      Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 09:51

      I did not say my opinion was worth more; I said that I wasn't asked at all. You misunderstand me on the voting - I'm not allowed to vote, at all, ever. If I was, I wouldn't vote for the ANC. That's also not my complaint. This survey isn't (or shouldn't have been) limited to registered voters, it should include as diverse a population group as possible to get the best information. It is unreasonable to expect any group to ask 40+ million people, but more than a couple of hundred shouldn't be too difficult. And, I agree about the crippling government with too much information. But this survey was just about "Are you happy with this (government's version of) democracy?" Many people have commented here - No. You yourself haven't answered that question yet. (I'm not asking you to reveal your voting history here; just are you happy with the result of the majority vote in SA elections. You don't even need to give a reason.) And now I've rambled on too long. This is why I keep my posts short and dumb.

      Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 10:10

      Why are you not allowed to vote? I agree with you but we do not know criteria that were used to do this survey so we can only speculate and give opinions but even so we could be wrong. I'm currently not happy with our government for too many reasons to name but I'm happy with the democracy that we have had over the past years.

      Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 10:35

      Modipi, I just checked the criteria and the study results (I've posted a link way down at the bottom of these comments). This study was from 2000 to 2008 and purportedly used a base of 1200 people from across the spectrum. They wouldn't have asked me anyway because they only question citizens of voting age. I'm not a citizen, I'm a permanent resident. That's also why I can't vote. Anyway, that knowledge immediately invalidates a lot of the responses on this forum - including most of my own. I've printed it out and I'll read it thoroughly when I get home. Just checked out your profile. You're an educated guy; and you've traveled which means you've seen other governments and can make these sorts of informed decisions. Nice talking to you. I really should do some work now.

      Jacqui - 2012-03-15 12:50

      SJ you will have to explain this one to me. The difference between a republic and a democracy. Geez.

      Jacqui - 2012-03-15 12:56

      Consolata, not every one with a different opinion is racist. Racism will be with us as long as there are people on this earth. Hating is not worth it, all it does is upset you.

  • Carry - 2012-03-15 07:54

    WHERE WAS THIS POLL TAKEN ?

      Alan - 2012-03-15 07:59

      Poll taken? What do you mean - what does a Poll have to do with the tripe that the Propoganda Spin Doctors come up with?

  • Zion - 2012-03-15 08:01

    This poll does not reflect the satisfaction with democracy but rather a defence mechanism to support the ANC. What it does reflect accurately is the racial structure of the country. This implies that most of the respondents are not aware po0f 6the true implications or the structure of a real democracy. We see that in the streets and in burning schools and cars.

  • Helen - 2012-03-15 08:26

    That means that 6 out of 10 in South Africa doesn't have any form of education.

  • markus.botha - 2012-03-15 08:31

    One in every six people lied.

  • Ronnie - 2012-03-15 08:35

    how is 6/10 "most", its just over half!!

  • Riaan Werner Van Wyk - 2012-03-15 08:40

    Most people are brain washed fools then it seems..

  • Riaan Werner Van Wyk - 2012-03-15 08:41

    Most people are brain washed fools then it seems..

  • Riaan Werner Van Wyk - 2012-03-15 08:41

    Most people are brain washed fools then it seems..

  • MuttleyScholtz - 2012-03-15 08:53

    Hahahahahahaha! First get everyone educated, THEN "think tank" these questions again.

  • Lebogang - 2012-03-15 09:08

    South Africa is not a democracy, its a majority rule, a fine line.

  • Willem Gerber - 2012-03-15 09:24

    Seriosly who do they think will believe this \poll\ how stupid do they think we are?

  • Skuiter - 2012-03-15 09:24

    bullsh**, the name of the company who took the so called sensus should be quite the indicator as to the validity of the figures. African and thinktank in the same sentence is hilarious

  • Azwi - 2012-03-15 09:26

    they are happy with democracy compared to what? who were being interviewed or surveyed? If the most of people who were interviewed are black the result would be obvious given their historical experiences. Please provide the sampling method so that we can be clear.

  • ronald.netsianda - 2012-03-15 09:29

    What is democracy? Do we have one yet?

      Lebogang - 2012-03-15 09:39

      Ronald a democracy is when individuals make informed choices regarding their political dispensation. It becomes majority rule when the majority is kept in the dark and get fed propaganda.

  • Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 09:32

    Let's not think that our opinions is better than that of an uneducated person or a person living in the township because at the end of the day you are not the one living their lives. People should stop being so self obsessed! Given the comments I see everyday on this site I should think that there is not much of a distinction between the educated and uneducated. If you weren't selected for the survey tough!

  • Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 09:33

    Let's not think that our opinions is better than that of an uneducated person or a person living in the township because at the end of the day you are not the one living their lives. People should stop being so self obsessed! Given the comments I see everyday on this site I should think that there is not much of a distinction between the educated and uneducated. If you weren't selected for the survey tough!

  • Modipi Ngulube - 2012-03-15 09:33

    Let's not think that our opinions is better than that of an uneducated person or a person living in the township because at the end of the day you are not the one living their lives. People should stop being so self obsessed! Given the comments I see everyday on this site I should think that there is not much of a distinction between the educated and uneducated. If you weren't selected for the survey tough!

  • Jeffrey - 2012-03-15 10:17

    Don't know if anyone's gonna read down this far. I've just taken the time to look over this study. It's here http://www.afrobarometer.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=24&Itemid=51 under Summary of Democracy Indicators. The very first question is What does democracy mean to you? and in 2004 31% answered 'Don't know' compared with only 9% in '06. That's both kinda scary and really encouraging as far as education and levels of comprehension go.

  • ludlowdj - 2012-03-15 11:43

    Statistics tend to reflect what those in power want them to reflect. One very seldom takes the advise of the uneducated, why should we then rely on the opinion of 40 million of them.

  • Jacqui - 2012-03-15 12:38

    African think tank?. Wonder who they are?. They haven't asked me that's for sure.

  • Denis - 2012-03-15 12:58

    I wonder how many people,of all ethnicities in South Africa fully understand the meaning of the word democracy.

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