Noakes: I realised one size doesn't fit all - as it happened

2016-02-10 15:00

Tim Noakes has started his testimony at his HPCSA hearing into whether or not he gave unconventional and unscientific advice to a woman about a banting diet for children.


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Last Updated at 05:39
10 Feb 15:52

News24 is closing the Live Update.

Follow News24 for more updates on the Tim Noakes hearing...

10 Feb 15:36
The hearing takes a 10-minute break.

10 Feb 15:34

Noakes now citing an internship he had in 1976.

He says he wanted to use sport to build a healthier, unified nation.

He decided: "I won't continue as a medical doctor, I would become a scientist. I have a medical degree, but I am a scientist.

"I want to give people info to make their lives better and the nation can be healthier."

10 Feb 15:29

This makes him a leading scientist in this field - both nutrition and exercise.

"You must get a 10/10. You must be named one of the leading scientists in the world."

10 Feb 15:29

Manuscript reviewer for 25 journals, including International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Metabolism.

Noakes is cited about 100 times per year on his research, he says.

This tells you whether your work has any impact, Noakes explains.

He holds an A1 rating in his field, changed focus to nutrition and last year still maintained this rating.

10 Feb 15:28

10 Feb 15:24

10 Feb 15:23

10 Feb 15:22

10 Feb 15:21
"My profession teaches diabetes is irreversible, yet I have people who reversed their diabetes on a high-fat diet."

10 Feb 15:19

Noakes says he started getting letters of people who said lives have been completely changed by a high-fat diet.

"As a Dr, I had to report these anecdotes. I wrote the paper as a survey, and the conclusion was these reports are unbelievable.

He says he did a randomised control trial to see if this was possible. Noakes said there were even claims of reversing diabetes.

At this point, the HCSA objects, saying they have not seen the evidence.

10 Feb 15:18
An eight-year study by the WHI of 20 000 people in the US proved a low-fat diet doesn't improve the health of a person, Noakes continues.

10 Feb 15:13
"I am a scientist who knows how the whole body functions. The brain is in control. The brain drives obesity, but I will come to that."

10 Feb 15:12

"The big problem in exercise science is you need big numbers, but we can't afford those big numbers.

"The [1990] study appeared to be the nail in the coffin of high-fat diets for sports performance.

But science said the nail in the coffin was too soon, he said.

10 Feb 15:09

In 1990 one of the first laboratories to research low-carb diets for exercise performance.

"Only 11 in the world, we have done 4."

10 Feb 15:03

Tim Noakes says he realised in 2010 he was wrong on carbohydrates for 33 years.

"I stopped preaching one diet fits all after Damascus moment on carbs in 2010.

"I realised how I had been fooling myself."

One size doesn't fit all, he said. "There may be other sizes."

10 Feb 15:00
Noakes's advocate is now going through his extensive research on carb metabolism, diabetes, source of energy; all world-first studies.

10 Feb 14:56
Noakes says in one study on the effects of carb metabolism on sports performance, they drew the wrong conclusions, which were acknowledged and retracted.

"That's science," he says.

10 Feb 14:53

Noakes is now going through his research on cholesterol, the effects of meal size, and fat content.

"Now we know carbs, not fat, drive triglycerides," he says.

10 Feb 14:50
Noakes's advocate Ravin Ramdass is now going through an extensive list of studies that Noakes has done in his career.

10 Feb 14:47
He says he was "criticised" by the running fraternity after he spent three years looking for proof that running didn't necessarily protect from heart disease.

10 Feb 14:46
Tim Noakes says he was first in the world to show you can run marathons and still die from heart disease.

10 Feb 14:44
Tim Noakes is now going into highly technical research into carbs, ketones, ketosis and fat ingestion.

10 Feb 14:40
"I also headed the MRC Unit involved in nutrition."

Noakes says he was the first subject in a ketosis study published in the Journal of Physiology. The previous study of a similar nature was conducted in the 1930s.

10 Feb 14:37
"I am an A1-rated scientist, established world leader in exercise science - one discipline, and nutrition another."

10 Feb 14:34
Tim Noakes is listing his academic qualifications, and his CV is over 100 pages long.

10 Feb 14:32

"To say I am not qualified in nutrition is just not true," Noakes starts.

He has done studies and has expertise in nutrition.

10 Feb 14:30

10 Feb 14:26

News24's Tammy Petersen is at the hearing in Cape Town.

She says there is a flurry of excitement in the audience as Noakes starts his testimony.

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