A history of the ANC

2012-12-15 19:45

Johannesburg - A glance at the history of South Africa's governing African National Congress political party:

1912: Founding of South African Native National Congress, precursor to the ANC.

1923: Name changed to African National Congress.

1955: The Congress Alliance - of the ANC and Indian, mixed-race and white organizations - holds the Congress of the People in Soweto. Congress adopts the Freedom Charter calling for a nonracial democracy and a socialist-based economy.

1956: Nelson Mandela and 155 other South Africans of all races who had supported the Freedom Charter charged with treason. All acquitted after a four-year trial.

1959: Robert Sobukwe leads breakaway faction from the ANC, forming Pan Africanist Congress, now a minor political player in South Africa.

1960: ANC banned.

1961: Founding of ANC's guerrilla wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe, or Spear of the Nation.

1964: Mandela found guilty of sabotage at Rivonia Trial and sentenced to life imprisonment.

1990: ANC and other groups unbanned; Mandela released.

1991: Mandela elected president of ANC. The government, ANC and 17 other political groups begin formal negotiations on a new constitution.

1993: Draft constitution adopted.

1994: ANC wins first all-race elections; Mandela becomes president; ANC's armed wing absorbed into national defense forces.

1999: Thabo Mbeki succeeds Mandela as the country's president.

2007: ANC elects Jacob Zuma as party president over Mbeki, putting Zuma in line to run for the presidency.

2009: ANC sweeps parliamentary elections and Zuma becomes president.

2011: ANC fires Youth League leader Julius Malema and suspends him from the party for five years.

2012: ANC marks its 100th anniversary, holds party convention to pick its next leader.

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
Read more on:    anc  |  jacob zuma  |  nelson mandela  |  julius malema

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24


Rugby World Cup 2015

All the action from the 2015 RWC, including live coverage of all 48 matches, breaking news, fixtures, results, logs - and much more!


Rugby World Cup 2015

Win over Boks was 'massive' for Japanese rugby
Girls be hating the fat boys
VIDEO: Six of the best dummy passes from the RWC
Boks can brace for Wales - bookies
Traffic Alerts

It is always easier to notice the faults in others rather than face our own. Focusing too much on the perfect and ideal scenario...read more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.