Bill not isolating media - ministry
Pretoria - The draft protection of information bill is not aimed at isolating the media, the state security ministry said on Tuesday.
"There is not a single reference to the media in the bill. But upon following due process, journalists can make use of classified information... They have to use certain channels to get it," David Dlomo, from the ministry's advisory section, said at a debate in Pretoria hosted by the Human Sciences Research Council.
According to the bill, anyone who publishes secret material could go to prison for 25 years.
This would, as State Security Minister Siyabonga Cwele said in Parliament last week, serve as a deterrent to unauthorised disclosure.
Cwele said the government would narrow the scope of the bill by scrapping the notion of classification in the national interest, but largely preserve the rest.
'Not all info'
Dlomo emphasised that not all information would be classified, and that, should the bill be passed by Parliament, there would be a period of compulsory review to assess whether certain classified information should remain as such, or be declassified.
Open Democracy Advice Centre executive director Alison Tilley said her organisation agreed with the minister on narrowing the definitions, but they would not stop campaigning against the bill being passed in its current form.
Tilley questioned whether the state security ministry was the right one to legislate, adding it was inappropriate to protect most information anyway.
Describing the ministry as one steeped in fear and paranoia while concerned about enemies, she said there was a need to legislate information in a sensible way.
"They are afraid but can't seem to explain to us why. Until there is clarity, it is not appropriate for the department to try to legislate on a need-to-know basis," said Tilley.
"This is very concerning... We are not in a need-to-know constitutional state, but rather in a right-to-know constitutional state."
'Lack of engagement'
The Human Rights Commission was concerned about the lack of engagement on the bill.
Dlomo said the process was far from complete, and that Cwele would "apply his mind" to concerns raised by the public during consultations.
He said the current debate on the ANC's proposed media appeals tribunal was in no way linked to the bill.
He spoke of "unintended consequences and the falsification of facts" by those who link the two for the purpose of an ideological argument, and about the government moving away from the "principles of balancing openness to secrecy".
"That's far from the truth... The legislation is essential to ensure that information (...) is protected against loss, unauthorised destruction and alteration."
Tilley spoke of how secrecy was relevant during the apartheid regime, with those in exile trying to stay alive and ahead of the government.
She says now, despite legislation aimed at openness, "the country has not been doing well in principle of giving information."
There would be no constitutional amendment as a result of the bill as it had already been passed by state law advisors.
Dlomo said he believed the bill would pass "constitutional muster".
He reiterated Cwele's stance on how the bill would curtail espionage in the country and ensure that information held by the state, defence, intelligence, correctional services and international relations departments, could be kept with confidence.
"It will protect information which can be used for the commission of crime," he said, while acknowledging that no other country has this kind of dispensation that the government was proposing.
Dlomo indicated people were confused solely because of the words "protect and classify".