Zuma controversial but smart - WikiLeaks
Johannesburg - The rise of Jacob Zuma to the presidency was an "astonishing achievement", according to US diplomatic cables released by WikiLeaks.
"Zuma's rise to the pinnacle of South African politics at the same time that serious questions about his character were headline news is an astonishing political achievement in itself," said a diplomatic cable sent by the US embassy in Pretoria before Zuma was sworn in as president on May 9 2009.
Zuma was the subject of a long corruption investigation. Charges against him were dropped in April 2009.
US diplomats saw the Zuma as adept at political survival and an accomplished political tactician who used his populist support to his advantage.
"Throughout the most difficult times of the past few years, Zuma came across as reluctant to draw first blood, only displaying subtle determination to take the fight to his aggressors. This is consistent with a leader that is aware of his own strengths - smart power," the cable said.
But diplomats also raised concern about Zuma's ties to the SA Communist Party and Cosatu.
"His close association with the ideological left of the ANC alliance has raised some worries about the impact on economic policy by close Zuma allies in the SACP and Cosatu," the cable said.
Since taking office, Zuma has maintained most of the government's pro-business policies.
Mbeki felt that a Zuma presidency would cause a sea-change in politics.
"Mbeki believed that a Zuma presidency would be a disaster for South Africa and would split the ANC".
Mbeki, who drew widespread criticism for failing to tackle an Aids epidemic, is described in another diplomatic cable released by WikiLeaks as "thin-skinned" and "hypersensitive".
"US government officials meeting with Mbeki should be prepared to recognise his defensiveness and high sensitivity to criticism," the cable said.