Craig Venter takes on human ageing

2014-03-04 21:12
(Picture: Supplied)

(Picture: Supplied)

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La Jolla - Craig Venter, the US scientist who raced the US government to map the human genome over a decade ago and created synthetic life in 2010, is now on a quest to treat age-related disease.

Venter has teamed up with stem cell pioneer Dr Robert Hariri and X Prize Foundation founder Dr Peter Diamandis to form Human Longevity, a company that will use both genomics and stem cell therapies to find treatments that allow aging adults to stay healthy and functional for as long as possible.

"We're hoping to make numerous new discoveries in preventive medicine. We think this will have a huge impact on changing the cost of medicine," Venter said on a conference call announcing his latest venture.

The San Diego-based start-up company has $70m in private backing and has already purchased two ultrafast HiSeq X Ten gene sequencing systems from Illumina, a leading manufacturer of DNA sequencing machines, with the option to buy three more.

The company will use that technology to map 40 000 human genomes in a push to build the world's largest database of human genetic variation. The database will include sequences from the very young through the very old, both diseased and healthy.

"This will be one of the largest data studies in the history of science and medicine," Venter told the conference call.

In addition to gathering whole genome data, the company will collect genetic data on the trillions of microbes - including bacteria, viruses and fungi - living in and on humans.

By better understanding the microbiomes in the gut, in the mouth, on the skin and other sites on the body, the company said it hopes to develop better probiotics as well as better diagnostics and drugs to improve health and wellness.

Along with the microbiome data, Human Longevity or HLI will collect data on the metabolome - the various metabolites, biochemicals and fats in the body - in order to get a better picture of the circulating chemicals that contribute to health and affect how drugs work.

Age-releated diseases

The company's initial treatment targets will be some of the toughest age-releated diseases: cancer, diabetes and obesity, heart and liver diseases, and dementia.

Venter said the company will start first with cancer. It has teamed up with the Moores Cancer Centre at the University of California, San Diego, with the goal of sequencing the genomes of everyone who comes there for treatment, as well as doing a full genome sequence on their tumours.

"Cancer is one of the most actionable areas right now with genomic-based therapies," Venter said, adding that cancer is "just the first of a multitude of diseases we will be sequencing this year."

In addition to UCSD, the company has established strategic collaborations with privately held Metabolon of North Carolina, a company that focuses on biochemical profiling, as well as his own J Craig Venter Institute, a non-profit genomics research institute.

Venter said the first round of funding should last about 18 months. Initial backers include KT Lim, chief executive of Malaysian multinational Genting, and Illumina.

Read more on:    craig venter  |  us  |  health  |  research
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