New atomic clock is accurate for 300 million years

2014-04-04 10:31
Clock. (Duncan Alfreds, News24)

Clock. (Duncan Alfreds, News24)

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Boulder - Good news for people who are sticklers for punctuality: The National Institute of Standards and Technology has a new atomic clock that isn't supposed to gain or lose a second in roughly 300 million years.

The new clock was launched on Thursday. It's located at the institute's Boulder centre.

The clock is the nation's civilian time standard. The US Naval Observatory maintains military time.

The new clock, called NIST F-2, is about three times more accurate than the old one, called NIST F-1, the Boulder Daily Camera reported.

The institute plans to operate both for a while and use comparisons to improve them.

Banks, computer networks and others use the atomic clock to synchronise their own. The institute's radio broadcasts are used to update about 50 million timekeepers daily. Its internet service gets about eight billion automated synchronisation requests a day.

"Nothing here is going to change the way we live tomorrow, in terms of having a three-times-more-accurate clock," said physicist Steven Jefferts, lead designer of the new clock.

"But these technologies keep getting adopted for use in our society, so we have to keep inventing things to make them work better."

Both clocks use cesium atoms to determine the exact length of a second. They measure the frequency of a particular transition in the cesium atom - which is more than 9.1 billion vibrations per second - and use it to define one second.

One key difference is that the old clock operates at about 26.6°C while the atoms in the new clock are kept at about -193°C. That cooling significantly lowers the background radiation and reduces some tiny measurement errors in the old clock.

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