Top DDoS attack trends of 2013 identified

2014-01-22 13:00
(Duncan Alfreds, News24)

(Duncan Alfreds, News24)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Cape Town - As more people go online on both smartphones and computers, hackers are increasing their sophistication to target both individuals and companies who make use of internet technologies as part of their business ethic.

Security firm Prolexic Technologies found that in 2013, the use of Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks were on an upward trend as criminals evolved in the ability to target victims.

Unlike a virus or other malware, DDoS attacks can be carried out on any computer connected to the internet and the attack disrupts the ability of the machine to communicate with authorised users of the network.

In some cases criminals carry out attacks to blackmail companies and in more recent cases, DDoS attacks have been used as a form of protest.

In SA during 2013, IOL, the online division of Independent Newspapers, was hit by an attack in retaliation for publishing an article deemed supportive of Zimbabwean president Robert Mugabe.

Prolexic identified the following top trends in the threat landscape in terms of DDoS attacks so that individuals and can better prepare themselves.

Top 10 DDoS attack trends for 2013:

1.    DDoS attack volume continued to rise with Prolexic mitigating 32.43% more attacks in 2013 than it did in 2012.
2.    DDoS attack volume also increased month-to-month in 2013, with 10 out of 12 months showing higher attack volume compared to 2012.
3.    Smaller, stealthy and more sophisticated application layer (Layer 7) attacks increased approximately 42%.
4.    High bandwidth, volumetric infrastructure layer (Layer 3 and 4) attacks increased approximately 30%.
5.    DNS, UDP, and UDP fragmentation floods, as well as CHARGEN, were the attack vectors that showed the most adoption in 2013.
6.    SYN and ICMP floods were the attack vectors that showed the most decline in use.
7.    Average DDoS attack sizes continued to increase with Prolexic mitigating numerous attacks over 100Gbps, the largest peaking at 179Gbps.
8.    Reflected amplification attacks emerged as a very popular attack method.
9.    Mobile devices and apps began participating in DDoS campaigns.
10.    DDoS attacks were more likely to originate from Asian countries.

The company said that institutions should ensure that they are prepared to face the threats that can have a significant impact on operations.
"In addition to increasing vigilance and knowledge, enterprises should also validate services from any mitigation providers they have retained to ensure the latest threats can be blocked quickly and effectively," said Stuart Scholly, president of Prolexic.

This YouTube video shows how to prevent a DDoS attack
- News24
Read more on:    cybercrime

Read News24’s Comments Policy publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Inside News24


Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go! - shop online today

Valentine’s Day gifts – 14 Feb!

Gifts to spoil him and her. While stocks last. Shop now!

Games on Sale!

Save up to 60% on selected games. While stocks last. Shop now!

Up to 30% off All Textbooks

Save up to 30% off an extensive range of prescribed textbooks for all major universities and FET colleges. Shop Now!

Save up to 40% on outdoor accessories!

Tents, sleeping, day packs and more. While stocks last. Shop now!

30% off fragrances

Get 30% off fragrances for him and her. While stocks last. Shop now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]


Today is a good day to connect to your inner needs and try to get things back into a more balanced rhythm. There will be more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.