10yrs later Iraq still faces instability

2013-03-20 18:07
(File, AFP)

(File, AFP)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Baghdad - Grappling with a spike in violence and a worsening political situation, Iraq on Wednesday marked 10 years since a US-led invasion that sought to establish a stable, democratic ally in the Middle East.

The event was met with little fanfare in Baghdad, though, a day after a wave of bombings and gun attacks killed 56 people across the country, as some ministers began a cabinet boycott and officials delayed provincial polls.

Al-Qaeda front group the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) claimed responsibility for the violence in statements posted on jihadist forums on Wednesday.

"What you received on Tuesday is... the first stage that, God willing, will be followed by revenge for those whom you executed," the ISI said.

In Washington, US President Barack Obama had released a muted statement the day before that paid tribute to the "sacrifice" of his nation's troops, but had few words for the Iraqi people, promising instead to support wounded American veterans of the conflict.

Iraqi officials have not announced any ceremonies to mark the anniversary on Wednesday, with events more likely to be held on 9 April, the day Baghdad fell.

Solidifying a Western ally

Violence has spiked ahead of the anniversary, with 120 people killed in the past week, according to an AFP tally based on reports from security and medical officials, with the worst of the violence striking on Tuesday.

An average of 10 people died in attacks each day so far this month, according to AFP's figures.

In all, at least 20 explosions and multiple shootings left 56 people dead and more than 220 wounded on Tuesday, Iraq's deadliest day in six months, reflecting the brutal unrest that continues to plague the country.

Launched a decade ago with the stated goal of wiping out Saddam's stores of weapons of mass destruction, which were never found, the focus of the divisive war quickly shifted to solidifying Iraq as a Western ally in an unstable region.

Though the war itself was relatively brief - it began on 20 March 2003, Baghdad fell weeks later, and then-US president George W. Bush infamously declared the mission accomplished on May 1 - its aftermath was violent and bloody.

Separate reports by Britain-based Iraq Body Count and researchers at The Lancet put the overall death toll from the decade of bloodshed at more than 112 000 civilians.

Iraq’s vote delayed

The fatalities peaked in 2006 and 2007, when thousands were being killed on a monthly basis, with the violence only being brought under some semblance of control from 2008 onwards, as the American troop "surge" coincided with Sunni tribal militias deciding to side with US forces.

But political reconciliation, the strategic goal of the surge, was never fully achieved.

From territorial disputes in the north to questions over the apportioning of the country's vast energy revenues, a number of high-level problems remain unresolved, and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has locked horns with his erstwhile government partners essentially non-stop for months.

On Tuesday, powerful Shi’ite cleric Moqtada al-Sadr suspended his bloc's participation in sessions of Iraq's national unity cabinet in response to Maliki challenging parliamentary decisions in court.

It means five ministers loyal to the Sadrist movement will not attend weekly cabinet meetings until further notice.

Authorities, meanwhile, announced provincial polls scheduled for 20 April, Iraq's first vote in three years, would be delayed in Anbar and Nineveh provinces, citing security concerns including threats to candidates.

Read more on:    nouri al-maliki  |  barack obama  |  iraq

Join the conversation!

24.com encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X

24.com publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
10 comments
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24

 
/Sport

Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.
 
English
Afrikaans
isiZulu

Hello 

Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.


Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire 24.com network.

Settings

Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.




Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.