Chavez returns to Cuba for treatment

2012-11-29 11:00
Cuba's Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. (File, AP)

Cuba's Fidel Castro and Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez. (File, AP)

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Caracas/ Havana - Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez was back in Cuba on Wednesday for cancer-linked medical treatment that revived questions about the viability of his socialist rule and left Venezuelans again guessing about his exact condition.

After weeks of scarce public appearances, Chavez, aged 58, announced in a letter on Tuesday that he was going to Havana for therapy known as "hyperbaric oxygenation" - a method used to reduce bone decay caused by radiation therapy.

In Cuba, Chavez enjoys the friendship of past and present Cuban leaders Fidel and Raul Castro, plus guaranteed privacy on the tightly controlled Caribbean island.

Venezuelans, who have been endlessly speculating about Chavez's cancer since it was diagnosed in mid-2011, were not sure what to make of the latest twist - debating whether it was normal post-radiation treatment or a serious downturn.

"I really don't know what he has," Chavez's cousin, Guillermo Frias, said from the president's rural hometown state Barinas. "But anyway, I always pray for him every night. I stop at a shrine on the corner and always remember him.

"I hope he recovers fine. I'm sure he will. The election campaign was tough for him. He went too far."

'Invisible man'

Though he had declared himself cured, Chavez appeared exhausted at the end of his successful presidential re-election bid in October. He later admitted radiation had taken its toll.

The normally garrulous and omnipresent leader has made only a few, relatively short public appearances, mainly on state TV, at his presidential palace since his victory on 7 October.

One opposition newspaper dubbed him "The Invisible Man".

Unlike multiple past trips to Cuba, during treatment for three operations on two tumours in his pelvic area, state TV did not show images of Chavez departing or arriving this time.

Chavez has open-ended authorisation from Congress to travel, but aims to be back at least for the 10 January start of his new term, if not for a couple of regional summits before.

His absence leaves newly appointed Vice President Nicolas Maduro, aged 49 - a former bus driver and union leader - in a prominent position amid speculation among Venezuelans over who could replace Chavez should he leave power.

State elections overshadowed

Congress head Diosdado Cabello, a former military comrade of Chavez, is also often touted as a possible successor to lead the ruling Socialist Party. Under the constitution, an election would have to be held if Chavez were to leave office within the first four years of his new six-year term.

Chavez's return to Cuba overshadowed the buildup to state elections in Venezuela on 16 December, where the opposition aims to overcome disappointment at their failure to win the presidency.

A prolonged absence by Chavez could potentially postpone major policy decisions, such as a widely expected devaluation of the bolivar currency after heavy pre-election state spending.

The hyperbaric oxygenation therapy, or HBOT, he is due to receive involves breathing pure oxygen in a pressurised chamber.

In addition to the bone-weakening side effects of radiation on cancer sufferers, experts say HBOT is used to treat conditions including infections, abscesses and decompression sickness - or the "bends" - that can afflict deep sea divers.

Nelson Bocaranda, a prominent pro-opposition journalist, said Chavez had been suffering intense pain in his bones and waist area of late, forcing him to rest and take painkillers.

Complimentary therapy


In his widely read "Rumours" column on Wednesday, Bocaranda published a supposed medical report from Havana's Cimeq hospital, with a relatively uninflammatory diagnosis.

"It is a matter of giving him therapy for pain and stabilisation so he has a better quality of life," said the report, which could not be confirmed.

"His physical state is normal; loss of weight reasonable; high tension constant; abdominal nausea and pains; good emotional state but with variable depression; tolerable pain thresholds and reaction to treatment applied. He's rested in recent days and had little pressure from government functions."

Information Minister Ernesto Villegas said the president was receiving "complimentary therapy" and that no one should worry.

"There are many people who live as if in a soap opera, where no one goes to the bathroom, no one gets flu," he told state TV. "Chavez is a human being and he also gets sick."

Opposition leader Henrique Capriles, who ran against Chavez in the presidential poll, sent him best wishes for a "long life" but also urged greater transparency.

"Nobody wants to play the rumour game," he told reporters. "Venezuelans should be told with total transparency what the situation is, what's the extent of this treatment. That's the way it should be in Venezuela and how it is in other countries."

Solidarity, scepticism

Given investor hopes for a more market-friendly government, Venezuela's widely traded bonds rose for a second day.

The benchmark Global 27 bond and state oil company PDVSA's closely watched 2022 bond were both at year-high prices of $93.44 and $111.75 respectively.

"If we reference the past price action to treatments in Cuba, there was a pattern of buying on his departure to Cuba and selling on his return to Venezuela," Siobhan Morden, managing director at Jefferies & Company, said in a research note.

On Venezuela's streets, there was both solidarity and scepticism concerning Chavez's situation.

"That man doesn't have anything. He was never sick," said motorbike taxi driver Omar Rivas, aged 55, surmising that the health saga was a ploy by the president to win public sympathy.

Teacher Ana Maria Garcia, aged 26, had a kinder reading: "I don't understand what he has, but I hope he recovers quickly. He's a winner."

Read more on:    hugo chavez  |  venezuela  |  cuba  |  cancer
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