HK law could benefit US whistleblower

2013-06-11 08:07
Demonstrators hold signs supporting Edward Snowden in New York's Union Square Park. (AP)

Demonstrators hold signs supporting Edward Snowden in New York's Union Square Park. (AP)

Multimedia   ·   User Galleries   ·   News in Pictures Send us your pictures  ·  Send us your stories

Hong Kong - The American defence contractor who says he leaked information on classified US surveillance programmes could benefit from a quirk in Hong Kong law that would ensure a lengthy battle to deport him.

Edward Snowden's whereabouts were not immediately known on Tuesday, although he was believed to be staying somewhere in the Chinese autonomous region that has a well-established, Western-style legal system inherited from its status as a former British colony.

The journalist who brought his revelations to the public, Glenn Greenwald of The Guardian, said he had been in touch with Snowden, but declined to say whether he was still in Hong Kong and said he didn't know what his future plans were.

"He hasn't communicated a plan to me. I don't know if he has a plan," Greenwald told The Associated Press. Greenwald's reports last week, which exposed widespread US government programmes to collect telephone and internet records, were based on information from Snowden.

Snowden checked out of Hong Kong's Mira Hotel on Monday and has not been seen in public in the territory.

No charges have been brought and no warrant has been issued for the arrest of Snowden, a 29-year-old employee of government contractor Booz Allen Hamilton who has been accused by US Senate intelligence chairperson Senator Dianne Feinstein of California of committing an "act of treason" that should be prosecuted.

Independent legal system

Snowden arrived in Hong Kong on 20 May and as a US citizen is legally permitted to remain for 90 days. He can also apply for asylum through the United Nations or attempt to fly to another country which, unlike Hong Kong, does not have an extradition agreement with the United States.

Even if an extradition request is brought by the US, Snowden could contest it on grounds of political persecution in a process that could drag on for years.

In addition, Hong Kong's high court in a ruling on a case concerning three African asylum-seekers ordered authorities to devise a unified standard for assessing asylum applications. The ruling effectively puts applications on hold until the new system is in place.

Jen Psaki, a spokesperson for the US State Department, refused to say on Monday whether the US had made an extradition request or might do so in the future.

Under the terms of its handover from British to Chinese rule in 1997, Hong Kong maintained its independent legal system, a boisterous media, and strong civil society that would likely object boisterously to any attempt to railroad Snowden through the legal system.

And though a semi-autonomous part of China, it ultimately answers to Beijing, which is often at odds with Washington.

US-Hong Kong co-operation

Greenwald said he wasn't clear about exactly how Snowden made the decision to come to Hong Kong, but said simply evading the US authorities wasn't the only factor he considered.

"It's very difficult for me to assess that choice because it was a very personal mix of factors that he took into account when deciding where he wanted to go, so if his only goal had been how can I best evade arrest, there probably would have been other better places for him to go," said Greewald.

Greenwald said The Guardian plans to publish further stories based on information provided by Snowden.

The US and Hong Kong routinely co-operate on requests to transfer criminals; in one high-profile case, Hong Kong extradited three al-Qaeda suspects to the US in 2003.

The US is also one of the largest investors in Hong Kong, a major business centre for East Asia, and at least one local politician said she thought it best if Snowden simply left.

"Maybe he doesn't know we signed so many treaties. The two parties have agreed to all of them. So he'd better leave Hong Kong," said Regina Ip, a member of Hong Kong's legislative council and former secretary for security, was quoted as telling the Takung Pao newspaper.

Extradition agreement

While Beijing at times stands up to Washington, it may not want to for Snowden. Beijing has often criticised foreign governments for harbouring critics of its Communist government. China also is seeking US co-operation on retrieving corrupt Chinese officials who have fled to America, often with sizeable assets.

Cyber hacking and cyber espionage have emerged as the newest friction in relations that presidents Barack Obama and Xi Jinping pledged over the weekend to improve.

Still, the extradition agreement gives Hong Kong ways to say no. The US and Hong Kong concluded the treaty with Beijing's blessing on the eve of the territory's hand back from Britain to China in 1997.

Provisions allow one side to refuse a request if it's deemed to be politically motivated or if the suspect is unlikely to receive a fair trial.

Beijing may also have a veto. The agreement allows Beijing to refuse to extradite a Chinese national for reasons of national security. A study by the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee in 1997 suggests Beijing may have wider discretion to prohibit any extradition, not just of Chinese nationals, on national security grounds.

Read more on:    un  |  edward snowden  |  xi jinping  |  barack obama  |  us  |  china  |  privacy

Join the conversation! encourages commentary submitted via MyNews24. Contributions of 200 words or more will be considered for publication.

We reserve editorial discretion to decide what will be published.
Read our comments policy for guidelines on contributions.
NEXT ON NEWS24X publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Comments have been closed for this article.

Inside News24


Book flights

Compare, Book, Fly

Traffic Alerts
There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.