Haiti grieves its quarter million dead
Port-au-Prince - Haitians grieved for the nearly quarter of a million people wiped out in last year's earthquake, while praying for their beleaguered country to be given another chance.
Crowds were expected to attend a Catholic Mass at the ruined cathedral in the capital Port-au-Prince early on Wednesday to pray for the more than 220 000 people killed almost instantly in the magnitude 7.0 quake on January 12 2010.
The boisterous, often raucously noisy street life that typifies this Caribbean nation was to give way to sombre reflection, with a minute of silence at 4:53pm, the moment that disaster struck.
On Tuesday, officials and relatives of victims began commemorations by gathering at a mass grave on a windy hillside outside Port-au-Prince. President Rene Preval joined mourners who laid flowers and wreaths at the base of simple black crosses.
Later, religious leaders held prayers at the University of Notre Dame in Port-au-Prince. There had been "an earthquake of the heart", one priest said in his address. "Let the heart of the people never cease to beat for charity and liberty."
The ceremony was broadcast live on public television, which carried the words on the screen, written in Creole: "12 January 2010. 4h53. We will not forget you."
The anniversary finds Haiti barely healed from the trauma inflicted 12 months ago, as well as political instability over the holding of a runoff round in the elections to replace Preval.
The economy and infrastructure are crippled, a cholera outbreak continues to kill and more than 800 000 people live in squalid tent camps, according to a new official count. Rebuilding has hardly begun.
Former US president Bill Clinton, one of the main figures coordinating a massive international aid effort, arrived on Tuesday to join ceremonies and said he was "frustrated" by the slow pace of reconstruction.
He also called on the government "to resolve" the election standoff.
However, he did say he was "encouraged" that after repeated delays in organising the flow of aid money and the implementation of promised projects, "we are doing much better".
The UN, meanwhile, said that Haiti's recovery would be an "absolute priority" for the world body in 2011. US President Barack Obama took up the call, urging the international community to "fulfil the pledges it has made".
The huge tasks here include clearing rubble, moving people out of tents and back into houses, halting widespread environmental degradation, and rebuilding an education system that currently provides schooling to less than half of all children.
One of the immediate concerns is a cholera outbreak that has so far claimed 3 759 lives, according to the latest Haitian government update, and sickened thousands more. The World Health Organisation said on Tuesday that the "peak has not been reached", although the death rate was slowing.
The most overriding issue to resolve though will be the stalemate in holding a second round in the presidential election to replace Preval.
Call for candidate switch
International monitors from the Organisation of American States (OAS) are due to issue a report with non-binding recommendations to Preval on how to move ahead with the runoff.
According to a leaked draft of the report, the OAS is calling on Preval's favoured successor, Jude Celestin, to drop out from the runoff round because of fraud.
Celestin would give up his place to the previously third placed candidate, singer Michel Martelly, who would then face Mirlande Manigat, a former first lady who won the most votes in the first round.
The switch, if confirmed, would be a blow to Preval, who is due to leave power and had been hoping to see his ally take over.
Some observers fear Haitians could face a renewal of rioting that claimed five lives after last month's announcement of preliminary results.
However, Preval has said he will only discuss the report once anniversary commemorations are over.