IMF decision irks developing countries

2011-06-29 09:30
Washington - Despite pledges of new transparency, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) again gave its top job to a French candidate on Tuesday, assuring continued ire from developing countries at Europe's hold on the job.

To the surprise of few, the global crisis lender's executive board named French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde as managing director, replacing her countryman Dominique Strauss-Kahn, who resigned on May 18 to fight charges of sexual assault in New York.

That made her the 11th European to hold the job since 1946, and the fifth from France - a record that comes thanks to a gentleman's agreement dating to their creation at the end of World War II that a US citizen would be president of the World Bank and a European would lead the IMF.

Despite a challenge by Mexico's central bank chief Agustin Carstens, few had doubted Lagarde's chances: Europe aggressively declared itself united behind her days after Strauss-Kahn departed and before any other candidates had a chance to surface.

A top European official at the time called it a "done deal".

Carstens persevered, while others - including the respected South African Trevor Manuel - stayed out, saying Lagarde already had the job sewn up.

Prediction falls flat

"I think a lot more could be done, a lot more should have been done to persuade Europeans that this birthright is not a birthright that should find a resonance in an institution as important as the International Monetary Fund," Carstens said at the time.

When Strauss-Kahn was chosen in 2007, Jean-Claude Juncker, who chaired the Eurogroup of countries, predicted that would be the last time a European got the job.

"The next director will certainly not be a European" he said.

That came after more than a decade of anger at the IMF's hectoring approach to developing country members, especially in the 1997 Asian crisis when it dictated reforms based on a developed country ideology that has since been partially jettisoned - especially its then-rejection of capital controls.

But the "consensus" choice of Lagarde proved Juncker wrong, even though the same developed countries that dominate the fund plunged into their own financial crises beginning in 2007.

"The process is rigged," said Arvind Subramanian, a former IMF economist.

Decided in the salons of Paris

"Fundamentally, the system must be made fairer by ensuring that no one group of countries gets an unfair advantage in the race to become the managing director of the IMF."

Sarah Wynn-Williams, head of IMF relations at global poverty fighting group Oxfam, said ahead of the decision that the managing director nominee is "not even decided by the board, it's not even decided in Washington".

Rather, she said, "it's been decided in the salons of Paris".

Bessma Momani, a professor of international economy at Canada's University of Waterloo, blames developing countries for not organising themselves into a real force to challenge Europe - evident in the inability of Carstens to gain endorsements from key countries like China and Brazil.

"The emerging market economies did not put up a fight for IMF leadership despite years of complaining," he said.

"They are the only ones to bear the blame for failing to unite behind a candidate of their own."

Calls for openess

Still, it would have been hard to break the Europe-US-Japan block that controls over half of the votes on the IMF board, if it came to a vote.

Carstens had proposed reforms that would end Europe's over-representation on the board, controlling seven of the 24 executive director slots.

Subramanian proposes slashing Europe's 32 percent quota to the 18% level of Washington's.

Tuesday's secretive "consensus" decision unsurprisingly sparked new calls for openness at the Fund.

"We regret the process was not the open and inclusive process we called for," said the Washington activist group New Rules for Global Finance.

"Above all the new managing director must accelerate the pathetically slow baby-steps of governance reform at the IMF."

Read more on:    trevor manuel  |  christine lagarde  |  imf

Read News24’s Comments Policy publishes all comments posted on articles provided that they adhere to our Comments Policy. Should you wish to report a comment for editorial review, please do so by clicking the 'Report Comment' button to the right of each comment.

Comment on this story
Add your comment
Comment 0 characters remaining

Inside News24


Hottie of the day: Nicole Meyer!

Nicole is the cover girl for the 2014 edition of SA Swimsuit! Check out some smoking hot pics of here here.

11 things men don’t know about their clothes
Hilarious mortal kombat elevator prank!
This is how the Top Gear presenters spend their £55 million!
Thirty and still single? There’s hope!

Jobs in Cape Town [change area]

Property [change area]

Travel - Look, Book, Go!

Magical Massinga

Spend 5 nights at the gorgeous Massinga Beach Lodge in Mozambique and only pay for 4 from R13 220 per person sharing. Includes return flights, accommodation, transfers and romantic turndown. Book now! - shop online today

Save up to 60% on toys!

Don’t miss out on this hot offer, save up to 60% on toys. While stocks last. Shop now!

Festive gifts!

Check out our awesome range of festive gifts to make everyone’s wishes come true. Shop now!

Seen something you like in our catalogue?

Find the perfect gift and save up to R5000 – As seen on the catalogue. Hurry and shop now!

Save up to R2200 on electronics! – As seen in the catalogue

Wishing for tech gadgets this festive? Save up to R2100 on hot tech products at While stocks last. Shop now!

Up to 35% off books

Save up to 35% on the latest page-turners. While stocks last. Shop now!

OLX Free Classifieds [change area]

Samsung Galaxy s4

Mobile, Cell Phones in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 24

Best bargain in big bay

Real Estate, Houses - Apartments for Sale in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25

VW Golf 6, 1.6 Trendline (Excellent condition)

Vehicles, Cars in South Africa, Western Cape, Cape Town. Date October 25


The Moon has moved into your sign, emphasizing the need to connect things to work together. There is a tendency to focus too more

There are new stories on the homepage. Click here to see them.


Create Profile

Creating your profile will enable you to submit photos and stories to get published on News24.

Please provide a username for your profile page:

This username must be unique, cannot be edited and will be used in the URL to your profile page across the entire network.


Location Settings

News24 allows you to edit the display of certain components based on a location. If you wish to personalise the page based on your preferences, please select a location for each component and click "Submit" in order for the changes to take affect.

Facebook Sign-In

Hi News addict,

Join the News24 Community to be involved in breaking the news.

Log in with Facebook to comment and personalise news, weather and listings.